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 State of Israel

Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in West Asia, situated at the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Gulf of Aqaba in the Red Sea. It shares land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria in the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories (which are claimed by the State of Palestine and are partially controlled by Israel) comprising the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. It contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel's financial center is Tel Aviv, while Jerusalem is both its self-designated, though unrecognised by the United Nations, capital and the most populous individual city under the country's governmental administration. Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem is internationally disputed.


On 29 November 1947, the United Nations General Assembly recommended the adoption and implementation of the Partition Plan for Mandatory Palestine. This UN plan specified borders for new Arab and Jewish states and also specified an area of Jerusalem and its environs which was to be administered by the UN under an international regime. The end of the British Mandate for Palestine was set for midnight on 14 May 1948. That day, David Ben-Gurion, the Executive Head of the Zionist Organization and president of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, declared "the establishment of a Jewish state in Eretz Israel, to be known as the State of Israel," which would start to function from the termination of the mandate. The borders of the new state were not specified in the declaration. Neighboring Arab armies invaded the former Palestinian mandate on the next day and fought the Israeli forces. Israel has since fought several wars with neighboring Arab states, in the course of which it has occupied the West Bank, Sinai Peninsula (1956–57, 1967–82), part of South Lebanon (1982–2000), Gaza Strip and the Golan Heights. It extended its laws to the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem, but not the West Bank. Efforts to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict have not resulted in peace. However, peace treaties between Israel and both Egypt and Jordan have successfully been signed. Israel’s occupation of Gaza, the West Bank and East Jerusalem is the world's longest military occupation in modern times.

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updated Thu. May 3, 2018

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GAZA CITY — For weeks, Palestinians protesting along the fence between Gaza and Israel have conjured up the idea of swarming across the barrier, a mass of tens of thousands of people too numerous for Israeli soldiers to arrest or even to shoot. And Israelis have been worrying aloud about what their ...
Israel Katz, who runs both the Intelligence and Transportation ministries, spoke in a Reuters interview after North Korea's Kim Jong Un and South Korean ... The 2015 Iran Nuclear agreement, which Israel's government vehemently opposed, is in danger of unraveling should U.S. President Donald Trump ...

Two staff members at a school in Israel have been arrested after 10 teenagers on a school trip were killed in flash floods in the south of the country. Those detained on suspicion of death by negligence include the principal of the Tel Aviv-based pre-military academy, Israeli media report. The nine females ...
A community festival will be held Sunday afternoon to celebrate the 70th anniversary of Israel, which was founded in May of 1948. Hosted by the Jewish Federation of Nashville and Middle Tennessee, the free, public event is from 3 to 6 p.m. at Centennial Park at 2500 West End Ave in Nashville.
Jewish Student Union invites high school students in ninth through 12th grades to spend four weeks in Israel as part of JSU's The Anne Samson Jerusalem Journey. The Israel trip is for Jewish teens attending public and private non-Jewish high schools. Supported by the Harvey L. Miller Family Foundation, ...
The lifeless bodies of two Palestinian children were found Friday as rain and flooding continued to take a devastating toll in the West Bank and Israel, where a group of ten young people died after being caught in a flash flood in the south. The two Palestinian children were found in a reservoir that flooded in ...

... between Israeli and Iranian forces is increasingly likely in Syria, according to Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis. Mattis met with his Israeli counterpart, Avigdor Liberman, at the Pentagon. Mattis said he saw no reason for Iran to ship advanced missiles to Hezbollah through Syria except to threaten Israel.
The International Tennis Federation (ITF) has announced that the 2019 World Team Cup, the ITF's flagship wheelchair tennis team event, will be hosted by the Israel Tennis Association (ITA) at the Larry and Mary Greenspon Israel Tennis Centre in Ramat Hasharon from 13-18 May 2019. This is the first time ...
Romania's President Klaus Iohannis demanded Prime Minister Viorica Dancila resign, over a reported dispute on the plan to move the country's embassy in Israel to Jerusalem. "Mrs Dancila cannot cope with the office of Prime Minister of Romania and turns the Government into vulnerability for Romania," ...
Israel is officially encouraging donor states to mobilize for Gaza's reconstruction, fearing that a deeper humanitarian crisis in the enclave will result in an escalation of violence in the region. Israeli Strategic Affairs Minister Tzahi Hanegbi and Maj. Gen. Yoav Mordechai, head of Coordination of Government ...
The Jewish Federation of Cleveland will continue celebrating the 70th anniversary of the establishment of Israel from noon to 5 p.m. on May 6 with IsraelFest!, an outdoor family-friendly event at the Mandel Jewish Community Center Safran Park in Beachwood. IsraelFest! will feature activities and games, ...
Meanwhile, Israel reneged on an agreement with the United Nations to grant legal status to 40,000 African asylum-seekers (whom the Netanyahu government had previously intended to jail en masse or deport), leaving those long-suffering refugees in a state of limbo. And then, Natalie Portman did ...
Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman said Tuesday that Israel may strike the Russian-made S-300 anti-aircraft defense systems in Syria if they are used against Israel. "One thing should be clear - if someone fires on our planes, we will destroy them," Lieberman said in an interview with the Israeli website ...
However, it's easy for camp directors to get stuck in camp's bubble, according to Aliza Goodman, head of professional development and experiential education at The iCenter for Israel Education in Northbrook, Illinois. Israel @ Camp, a 20-month two-summer program, aims to help these camps consider the ...
A silver lining is appearing on the horizon. As Israel celebrates its 70th year of independence, an increasing number of our Sunni and Mediterranean neighbors are not only reconciling themselves to our presence, but are actively projecting that they view us as part of the solution. This trend has not been ...
The loss officially made him one of the leading oracles of the dwindling left-wing camp, for it's well known that in Israel the only thing people understand are catastrophes, which are perceived as profound and authentic. The default here is to speak the language of sadness. If Grossman had won the lottery ...
UNITED NATIONS -- U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley condemned Thursday the militant group that controls the Gaza Strip of exploiting Palestinians as violence there continues unabated. "Hamas has exploited and endangered the very Palestinian people it claims to represent by locating ...

The Israeli teenagers were on a group hike in the Tzafit Valley near the southern Dead Sea when severe storms hit the area, causing flash floods. The youths were students at the Bnei Zion pre-military academy in central Israel. Eight girls and one boy were among the dead, according to Magen David Adom ...
Amos Yadlin, the former head of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Military Intelligence Directorate, said in an interview published April 22, “I have not seen a May this dangerous since May 1967.” Of particular note, two of the five military fronts concerning Israel have rapidly escalated in recent months. In the ...
Comment: Israel has historically enjoyed the bipartisan support of the US, but sympathies are changing and the era of unconditional political support is coming to an end, writes CJ Werleman.
Palestinian diplomats in Geneva have filed a complaint against Israel for what they say are breaches of its obligations under a UN anti-racism treaty, triggering what may be a lengthy and high-profile investigation. The complaint, handed in by the Palestinian ambassador to the UN, Ibrahim Khraishi, to the ...
If Egypt agrees to Israel's request, it won't be the worst thing that Abdel Fattah el-Sissi has done, but he'll be depicted as under the control of the Jews. If Egypt turns down the request, to where will Education Minister Naftali Bennett and the Goldin family bring their demand to condition Batsh's burial on the ...
The Israel Heart Society says the reason for the drop in heart attacks over the past decade is because 82 percent of such patients undergo cardiac catheterization procedure within hours of the appearance of the signs of the heart attack. These numbers have been on the rise over the past 10 years in Israel, ...
Natalie Portman, one of the most famous Jewish celebrities on the planet, just announced she was boycotting a major Israeli event. Portman was scheduled to travel to Jerusalem to receive the Genesis Prize, a prominent award sometimes referred to as the “Jewish Nobel.” On Friday, she abruptly canceled ...
Left-leaning think tank Brookings Institute said in a blog post this week that "the countdown to the next round of military conflict between Israel and Iran has begun" following the recent attack on Syrian chemical weapons facilities by the U.S., France and England. Israel reportedly targeted and destroyed an ...
Like many Israelis and Jews around the world, I can be critical of the leadership in Israel without wanting to boycott the entire nation. I treasure my Israeli friends and family, Israeli food, books, art, cinema, and dance. Israel was created exactly 70 years ago as a haven for refugees from the Holocaust. But the ...
TEL AVIV — Sometime in the mid-1990s, I bade farewell to the Gaza Strip. In thrall to the great illusion, sweet and dizzying, that were the 1993 Oslo peace accords, I was sure that Gaza was about to be liberated from Israel's occupation. The fate of that stretch of land mattered to me very much. There were ...
“That's the truth about Austria. By nature the Austrian is a National Socialist and a Catholic through and through, however hard he tries not to be. In this country and this nation Catholicism and National Socialism have always been in balance – now more National Socialist, now more Catholic, but never just ...
Seventy years after it established statehood in 1948, modern Israel is a country wrapped up in contradictions, a place where the same person who barges ahead of you in line will invite you over for dinner. And he'll mean it, and you'll go. (“Sabra,” a prickly pear-like fruit, is a word often used to describe ...
On May 14, 1948, the day Israel gained its independence, Tamar Eshel was out of the country – and eating her heart out, as she recounts. “I thought it was unjust that finally there was a state of Israel and I was away in France,” says the former Israeli diplomat and politician. “But in those days, you didn't ...
As the dust settles following last weekend's U.S.-French-British attack on Syrian chemical weapons facilities, the countdown to the next round of military conflict between Israel and Iran has begun. Last week, Israel once again targeted the T-4 (Tiyas) base in Syria, which houses Iranian drone forces, killing 7 ...
For the Jewish people in the context of our historical roots in the Land of Israel, 70 years is a mere spec on the monitor, too. A point evidenced just this week when, during a school archaeological outing in the Galilee, students unearthed among other artefacts a 1,400-year-old lamp engraved with an ancient ...
From the earliest days of the state, images of women have played a central role in Israeli myth-making: from shapely girls in shorts tilling the kibbutz fields and fearless female soldiers wielding guns, to the nation's iconic fourth prime minister, Golda Meir, holding forth at high-level government meetings.
Clinton Email: We Must Destroy Syria For Israel. […] “The best way to help Israel deal with Iran's growing nuclear capability is to help the people of Syria overthrow the regime of Bashar Assad,” Clinton forthrightly starts off by saying. Even though all US intelligence reports had long dismissed Iran's “atom ...
Catz is visiting Israel at a very turbulent period in the enterprise computing market. Industry sources said that Oracle had recently been conducting an aggressive campaign to recruit personnel and customers for its cloud product, which is competing head-to-head against Amazon's Web (cloud computing) ...
According to the Environmental Protection Ministry's Clean Coast Index, in 2015 about two-thirds of the beaches in Israel were ranked between moderately and very dirty. In a cleanup operation initiated by the Jewish National Fund together with the international organization Clean Up The World, 100,000 ...
Let's be clear: The strike in Syria was not motivated by geopolitical reasons, but by ethical norms. This strike was about defending “the values and ideals that our nation represents,” said the Pentagon spokeswoman. Bashar Assad violated the norms regarding chemical weapons, norms that were enshrined ...
To really understand Israel and the Middle East - subscribe to Haaretz. “Tel Aviv will be punished for its aggressive action,” Bahram Ghassemi, the spokesman for Iran's Foreign Ministry, told reporters. "The occupying Zionist regime will, sooner or later, receive an appropriate response to its actions.".
The somber, annual Memorial Day ceremony will take place a day before the celebrations marking the 70th anniversary of Israel's foundation, according to the Hebrew calendar — and it took nearly that long to create the country's first national pantheon. Adjacent to the national military cemetery on Mount ...
SYRIA-ISRAEL BORDER, Golan Heights — Stop me if you've heard this one before: Syria is going to explode. I know, you have heard that one before, but this time I mean really explode. Because the U.S., British and French attack on Syria to punish its regime for its vile use of chemical weapons — and ...
Cue Israel, which is an agricultural superpower already and has a great green thumb for cannabis cultivation. Why? Mainly because Israel is leading the globe when it comes to legitimate cannabis research on medical applications for serious illnesses. While the U.S. dabbles with adult-use cannabis ...
Israel's government has canceled its plans to forcibly expel an estimated 38,000 African refugees and asylum seekers after reaching an unprecedented agreement with the United Nations High Commissioner. Under the terms of the agreement, the UN will work to find Western countries to take in at least ...
Under the plan, made with the United Nations Refugee Agency, Israel was to send at least 16,250 African migrants to Canada, Italy and Germany. Netanyahu had said earlier Monday that the agreement was the result of an "unprecedented understanding" with the UNHCR. The plan allowed for thousands ...
Palestinians in Gaza are among the world's most desperate people. For more than a decade, their 140-square-mile strip has been blockaded by Israel and Egypt, sharply restricting the flow of goods and people. Indeed, many Gazans have never left the enclave, a grim measure of their prolonged isolation.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced an "unprecedented agreement" with the United Nations on Monday that appeared, for a few hours, to provide a solution for tens of thousands of mostly African asylum seekers whose fate had moved hundreds of thousands of Israelis to protest against ...
Explaining that an initial plan to deport asylum seekers to Rwanda in Africa had fallen apart, he said he then sought to resolve the matter through an agreement with the UN refugee agency. He placed blame for Rwanda's reconsideration of the agreement to accept asylum seekers from Israel on the New ...
Hamas has called on the Arab League to sue Israel for killing unarmed Palestinians near the Gaza strip border. The call was made on Monday in a phone conversation between Hamas' political leader Ismail Haniya and Arab League's Secretary-General Ahmed Abul-Gheit. The Arab League will hold an ...
Israel is holding the bodies of two Palestinians killed by its snipers near the border with the besieged Gaza Strip, an Israeli official confirmed on Sunday. Yoav Mordechai said Israel will not return the bodies of the two Palestinians until the remains of two Israeli soldiers killed during Israel's war on Gaza are ...
Those of us who have long enjoyed close relationships with Jewish friends and colleagues always make it clear that our trenchant criticism is of Israel and not of the Jewish people. Indeed, we are often frustrated with the damage that the conflation of the two does to that relationship. I look forward to the time ...
According to the Palestinian Ministry of Health, more than 1,400 others were wounded at the demonstration which commemorated Land Day, which stems from March 30, 1976, when six unarmed Palestinian citizens of Israel were killed by Israeli forces during protests against the Israeli government's ...


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