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Islam (/ˈɪslɑːm/)[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is a messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion and the fastest-growing major religion in the world, with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population, known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, unique and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (c. 570–8 June 632 CE).

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. As for the Quran, Muslims consider it to be the unaltered and final revelation of God. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a final judgment with the righteous rewarded paradise and unrighteous punished in hell. Religious concepts and practices include the Five Pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from banking and welfare to women and the environment. The cities of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam.

Aside from the theological viewpoint, Islam is historically believed to have originated in the early 7th century CE in Mecca, and by the 8th century the Umayyad Islamic caliphate extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus River in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century, during the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the historically Islamic world was experiencing a scientific, economic and cultural flourishing. The expansion of the Muslim world involved various caliphates and empires, traders and conversion to Islam by missionary activities (dawah).

Most Muslims are of one of two denominations: Sunni (75–90%) or Shia (10–20%). About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim-majority country, 31% in South Asia, the largest population of Muslims in the world, 23% in the Middle East-North Africa, where it is the dominant religion and 15% in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sizeable Muslim communities are also found in the Americas, the Caucasus, Central Asia, China, Europe, Mainland Southeast Asia, the Philippines, and Russia.

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updated Fri. April 27, 2018

Muslim women, wearing skullcaps over their hijabs, joined Germans of various faiths to protest against a recent antisemitic attack in Berlin, amid fears .... Neighbouring France also has witnessed virulent antisemitism in recent years, notably in two Islamic extremist attacks targeting a Jewish school and ...
Indonesia has seen growth in Islamic convenience stores that tap into Muslim consumers' wish to buy halal products and their dream of the glories of a ... then Jakarta governor Basuki "Ahok" Tjahaja Purnama, a Chinese-Indonesian of the Christian faith who was later convicted for blasphemy against Islam. Muslim

In December 2016, the Stafford Board of Supervisors—on a recommendation from the Planning Commission—approved changes to the county's cemetery ordinance that effectively disqualified plans for the Muslim burial ground. Emails obtained by The Free Lance–Star show that concerns about the ... Muslim
In any event, the Islamic bloc in IOM is weaker than in other international institutions because several influential Muslim countries — including ... Purse, had produced a series of tweets suggesting that Islam was an intrinsically violent religion and that Christians should be granted special treatment. Muslim
Abdullah Hammoud, D-Dearborn, is calling on Republican gubernatorial candidate Patrick Colbeck to resign from the Senate after Colbeck made controversial remarks about a Muslim group using what many describe as a conspiracy theory. The controversy started on Wednesday, when Buzzfeed News ... Muslim
Pret-A-Cover was organized by the Islamic Fashion And Design Council (IFDC), a five-year-old organization founded by New York-based Alia Khan. The Council has offices around the world–from Russia to Turkey to Canada–and helps support a fashion industry that has risen to serve the Muslim market, ... Muslim

Terrorist attacks in Europe have been predominately committed by Europeans who fell into Islamic extremism. Would Trump add Belgium, where many of the terrorists behind the November 2015 Paris attacks were from, to the list of nations whose residents are barred? The linkage between terrorist acts ... Muslim
I discovered that he was a Muslim, and as I sought to learn more from him about the faith, I became his student. ... He had studied at the foremost Islamic universities in the world, published several books, spent considerable time studying in Iran, and was among an elite group of worldwide Muslim leaders. Muslim
You are cordially invited to a lecture and discussion on “Islamic Exceptionalism in West Asia and the West” featuring Dr. Shadi Hamid, Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution and contributing editor at The Atlantic. Dr. Hamid's 2017 book Islamic Exceptionaism: How the Struggle over Islam is Reshaping the World, was ... Muslim
In 1985, Laura Fendt fell in love with a Muslim immigrant from Egypt named Kamal Hammouda. They spontaneously got married that fall. Then they got married again that winter, this time by a priest. It began more than three decades of an interfaith union that many people, Muslim and non-Muslim, still don't ... Muslim
There was an almost immediate backlash to the letter, which was criticised for its treatment of Islam. “More than anything, the (letter) translates the idea that contemporary anti-Semitism is above all else, Islamist, even Muslim,” Michel Wieviorka, a sociologist at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social ... Muslim
It might sound strange to say that when I was a child in Kabul, Afghanistan, I was lucky. There was a war, there were armed militias stopping families and raping women. There were rockets and blackouts. In the end, though, my family was able to get out before it was too late. We came to the U.S. and were ... Muslim
As the Supreme Court weighs the legality of the President's travel ban, immigrant rights advocates say the administration has already achieved the 'Muslim ban' Trump talked about during the campaign. Muslim immigration to the U.S. is down sharply in the past year. Facebook; Twitter; Flipboard; Email ... Muslim
Anti-Muslim hate crimes have also risen. The most recent FBI report showed a more than 19 increase in 2016. And a newly released study by the Council on American-Islamic Relations reports that they rose further in 2017. They're crimes like the one that occurred last May 25 on a Portland, Oregon, ... Muslim
The Supreme Court on Wednesday will — finally — consider the legality of President Donald Trump's controversial "Muslim ban" executive order from his first week in office. Needless to say, pundits from across the political spectrum are portraying the case, Trump v. Hawaii, as a referendum on all-things ... Muslim
In the run-up to tomorrow's Supreme Court arguments on President Trump's Muslim ban, the ACLU has collected stories from people whose lives have been upended by it. They include parents unable to visit their children, married couples forcibly separated, students torn between their studies and being ... Muslim
The owner of a West Toledo bowling alley is under fire for anti-Muslim comments he made on social media in recent years. Jeff Kuhnle — who owns and ... “[Mr. Kuhnle] is more than welcome to visit us at the Islamic Center, break bread with us, and learn about what we stand for. We Muslim Americans are ... Muslim

Holly Hollman, general counsel and associate executive director of the Baptist Joint Committee for Religious Liberty, joined 32 other scholars in a recent legal brief arguing that the president's order banning travel from eight countries stems from unconstitutional religious animus against Islam. The filing is ... Muslim
A city council election candidate has called Islam a "barbaric satanic cult", saying he would "never trust a Muslim". Kim Kimberley-Blackstar has also suggested the Queen should have Brexit legal challenger Gina Miller "hanging from Trafalgar Square by the neck". Mr Kimberley-Blackstar has declined to ... Muslim
Halal is an Arabic word that means “permissible” and is commonly used to refer to food that meets Islamic standards, but also can refer to other areas of life. Participants at the three-day event, touted as the first halal lifestyle festival in America, include chefs, comedians, beauty gurus and fashion designers. Muslim
Two prominent anti-Muslim campaigners have been denied entry into the UK ahead of a conference held by Britain's newest and most active far-right group. Martin Sellner, from Austria, and the Hungarian Abel Bodi were due to attend the private Generation Identity conference in London on Saturday. Muslim
The Mountain View Human Relations Commission will be hosting a three-part speaker series on "Understanding Islam," hosted by Santa Clara County Supervisor Joe Simitian. Each event will feature a panel of experts and activists from the Muslim community. Last year, Simitian led a similar Islamic series ... Muslim
An Islamic scholar has declared bitcoin permissible under Sharia Law, potentially opening up the cryptocurrency market to investment from 1.6 billion ... “Several recent fatawah issued by prominent Muslim scholars offered incomplete or contradictory opinions on the topic,” said Matthew Martin, CEO of ... Muslim
In 1835, a young Muslim slave participated in a revolt in the Brazilian city of Bahia. Their group was led by Ahuna, an elderly religious leader who organised the rebellion hoping to free them from bondage. The young man, a devout follower of Ahuna, didn't survive the rebellion, but his body was found with ... Muslim
Though small, Islam is growing here, just as many people join as leave. NPR's Leila Fadel takes us to Chicago and a Muslim nonprofit that is engaging Muslims and non-Muslims alike through activism. UNIDENTIFIED PERSON #1: (Rapping) The sweeter the juice, the deeper the roots. LEILA FADEL ... Muslim
Kampala, Uganda | THE INDEPENDENT | John Peter Mujuni is the Executive Director of Micro finance Support Centre, a government institution charged with providing affordable financing to SMEs. He spoke to Joseph Bahingwire about their new financial services linked to Shariah law. How has been the ... Muslim
Jameel Qureshi loves his hometown of Blayney so much he wants to stay there for good, even after he dies. So Mr Qureshi, whose family are believed to be the only Muslims in the NSW central-west town of about 7,000, applied to the local council to create an Islamic section in the Blayney cemetery. Muslim
Imam Mohammad Elahi speaks on April 3, 2018, in his Dearborn Heights mosque, Islamic House of Wisdom, against the so-called Punish a Muslim Day fliers that called for violence against Muslims on April 3. ... Imam Elahi said the prophets of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam shared a similar message. Muslim
People online are expressing support for Muslims after letters were sent urging violence against them on 3 April, so-called "Punish a Muslim Day". A police investigation has been taking place since letters and online images circulated in March advocating a points-based system for the performance of ... Muslim
Muslim homes and nonprofits began receiving letters declaring April 3rd "Punish a Muslim Day" in Britain. The letter detailed specific acts of violence against Muslims that would be rewarded with points, with some of the highest number of points awarded to people who "butchered" a Muslim "using a gun, ... Muslim
Beaumont Hospital in Dearborn is facing a lawsuit after a 19-year-old Muslim woman was clobbered from behind by a male patient within 5 seconds of walking up to the emergency room desk. The Feb. 10 incident was caught on surveillance video and led to the arrest of John Deliz, 57, for assault and ... Muslim
Sh. Djilali Kacem answers questions from the audience during an Islamic Center of Boulder open house in 2013. (Cliff Grassmick / Staff Photographer). The Islamic Center of Boulder is hosting a "Getting to Know Your Muslim Neighbors" open house on Sunday. The open house and panel discussion, with ... Muslim
April 3 was promoted by some on social media as "Punish a Muslim Day." The campaign included flyers that promoted violence against Muslims. The campaign also sparked fear at Pioneers Academy, a Muslim elementary school in Brooklyn Park. In preparation, the principal called the police department ... Muslim
The Eugene Islamic Center hasn't received any direct threats, but leaders say they are on heightened alert. ... Police said a flyer promoting "Punish a Muslim Day" was found at Lane Community College. ... Students at the University of Oregon also set up a table on campus Tuesday to talk about Islam. Muslim
The letter highlights some horrendously violent offences against followers of an Islamic faith, or at least those who abusers think are Muslims (its unlikely racists can tell the difference). A disturbing 'points' system for completing brutal acts like throwing acid at followers of Islam is detailed in the document. Muslim
University of Nebraska-Lincoln students will be able to learn more about Islamic and Arabic culture this week by exploring everything from Arabic coffee to Islam's perception of marriage and relationships through the upcoming Islamic Awareness Week. The events, hosted by the Muslim Student Association ... Muslim
Ishak Hossain, president of the Muslim Student Association, knows his friends and classmates have questions about Islam. He aims to help spread ... County Health Department. He also hopes to serve the Missouri Chapter Council on American–Islamic Relations, a Muslim civil rights and advocacy group. Muslim
Withdrawing the 2,000 or so U.S. troops might allow the Islamic State, which today controls less than 7 percent of Syria's territory, to rise again. It would almost certainly allow Iran to gain control of eastern Syria, creating a land bridge from Tehran to Damascus and Beirut that would increase the danger to ... Muslim
A Muslim college student in a headscarf claimed a Michigan hospital failed to protect her from getting physically assaulted by a patient. In a civil complaint filed in a Dearborn, Michigan, circuit court, a 19-year-old student -- who is identified as "a practicing Muslim" and wears a headscarf, or hijab -- was ... Muslim
The Trump Administration is supportive of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani's call for talks with the Taliban in order to bring peace to Afghanistan. Russia, Iran and China have also reached out to the group. The interest in talking to the Taliban is partly the result of concerns about the Islamic State in ... Muslim
Britain is known for its multicultural status, but many who follow Islam are still stereotyped. We meet the ... Images from Charlotte Bibby's 'Reclaiming Muslim' UK project include Aima Warriach,a 20-year-old niqabi, feminist and artist who was born in Pakistan and moved to Canada as a baby. Reclaiming ... Muslim
The Thursday attack occurred during an operation against the Islamic State that also left a British service member dead. Five others were injured. The deaths occurred about two hours after Trump promised in a speech in Ohio to withdraw the roughly 2,000 U.S. troops in Syria “very soon” and “let the other ... Muslim
Communities across the UK are bracing themselves for Punish a Muslim Day after letters were sent out calling for violence against Muslims on April 3. ... 21, was sentenced to a minimum of 20 years in prison for attempted murder after he attacked a woman and a 12-year-old girl wearing Islamic clothing. Muslim
Teachers in the UK have criticised Amanda Spielman, the head of Ofsted, the government's schools watchdog, over her support for a school that tried to ban the Islamic headscarf, warning that her stance risked increasing the threat of verbal and physical attacks on Muslim girls and women. In a motion ... Muslim
While regulations differ across Germany's 16 states according to regional laws, in North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) - from 6 p.m. Thursday to 6 a.m. Saturday - "all nonpublic, entertaining events outside of apartments" are banned. Germany's ban extends to a whole host of other activities, from sports events, ... Muslim
Internationally, global institutions tend not to market sharia-compliant products as aggressively to Muslim customers only, so there is more uptake among non-Muslim investors. Suliman says Islamic finance products appeal to a variety of customers because of the certainty that they bring. “For example, our ... Muslim
Al Hassan Ag Abdoul Aziz Ag Mohamed Ag Mahmoud, identified by the ICC as the "de facto chief of Islamic Police" during the conflict five years ago, was handed over by Mali's authorities and transferred to a detention centre in The Hague, the court said on Saturday. The suspect, who was active in ... Muslim
... of hard work come to fruition. The Muslim Bosnian community in Colorado is about 275 families strong, according to the center's news release. Ademir Ceric, president of the mosque's board, said he wants the center to be an educational tool to teach those who are interested in learning more about Islam. Muslim
In the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), from 6 p.m. Thursday to 6 a.m. Saturday "all non-public, entertaining events outside of apartments" are prohibited. Not only is dancing prohibited, but a whole host of other activities ranging from sports events, moving home and washing cars to, apparently, Islamic circumcision ... Muslim
The meeting was an occasion to commence an open and deeper dialogue with Muslim communities on a number of issues of common interest and concern including, the role and training of imams, the discrimination faced by Muslims, the role of education, religious freedom, the threat of right-wing and ... Muslim



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