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 Middle East

The Middle East is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa). The corresponding adjective is Middle Eastern and the derived noun is Middle Easterner. The term has come into wider usage as a replacement of the term Near East (as opposed to the Far East) beginning in the early 20th century.


Arabs, Turks, Persians, Kurds, and Azeris (excluding Azerbaijan) constitute the largest ethnic groups in the region by population. Minorities of the Middle East include Jews, Baloch, Greeks, Assyrians, and other Arameans, Berbers, Circassians (including Kabardians), Copts, Druze, Lurs, Mandaeans, Samaritans, Shabaks, Tats, and Zazas. In the Middle East, there is also a Romani community. European ethnic groups that form a diaspora in the region include Albanians, Bosniaks, Crimean Tatars, Franco-Levantines, and Italo-Levantines. Among other migrant populations are Bengalis as well as other Indians, Chinese, Filipinos, Indonesians, Pakistanis, and Sub-Saharan Africans.


The history of the Middle East dates back to ancient times, with the (geopolitical) importance of the region being recognized for millennia. Several major religions have their origins in the Middle East, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam; the Baha'i faith, Mandaeism, Unitarian Druze, and numerous other belief systems were also established within the region.


The Middle East generally has a hot, arid climate, with several major rivers providing irrigation to support agriculture in limited areas such as the Nile Delta in Egypt, the Tigris and Euphrates watersheds of Mesopotamia, and most of what is known as the Fertile Crescent.


Most of the countries that border the Persian Gulf have vast reserves of crude oil, with monarchs of the Arabian Peninsula in particular benefiting economically from petroleum exports.

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updated Mon. May 7, 2018

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The United States did not make the modern Middle East, nor did it create its system of rule. It did, along with the Soviet Union, provide a stiff prop to it by supporting allied regimes. It backed proxies and played kingmaker in the politics of many states. Because its chief goal was to prevent the region from ...
Abe departs for Mideast, to focus on energy, regional peace. April 29, 2018 (Mainichi Japan) ... "I intend to work for the Middle East peace process by engaging with both Israel and Palestine in a constructive manner," Abe told reporters before leaving from Tokyo's Haneda airport. According to Japanese officials, Abe is set to ...

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe arrived in the United Arab Emirates on Sunday at the start of a trip across the Mideast, meeting first with a crucial oil ... "I intend to work for the Middle East peace process by engaging with both Israel and Palestine in a constructive manner," Abe said, according to the ...
“Very rich countries are in the Middle East. They have to make major contributions. They have not been doing it as they should. A major topic that we discussed a little while ago: They have to step up tremendously — not a little bit, but tremendously — their financial effort,” Trump said in a press conference ...
DUBAI, United Arab Emirates--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Apr 29, 2018--Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) has announced that registration is now open for the second Solar Decathlon Middle East (SDME). SDME was created through an agreement between Dubai Supreme Council of Energy, DEWA, ...
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is on a 5-day tour of the Middle East. He will be the first leader of a major country to visit both Israel and Palestine since the United States recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital last December. Abe left Tokyo for the United Arab Emirates on Sunday. He told reporters ...

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is using the Middle East leg of his first trip abroad as America's top diplomat to call for concerted international action to punish Iran for its missile programs. He's also urging Saudi Arabia and its neighbors to resolve a long-festering dispute with Qatar that U.S. officials ...
The Middle East is going through a period of concentrated turmoil unlike anything since the end of World War II. Uprisings, coups and wars have seen governments overthrown, hundreds of thousands killed and millions displaced. Parts of the region have become ungoverned or ungovernable. Extremists ...
The Middle East is going through a period of concentrated turmoil unlike anything since the end of World War II. Uprisings, coups and wars have seen governments overthrown, hundreds of thousands killed and millions displaced. Parts of the region have become ungoverned or ungovernable. Extremists ...
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has arrived in Israel, the next leg of his first diplomatic trip to the Middle East during which he was briefing U.S. allies about President Donald Trump's threat to quit the Iran nuclear deal. Pompeo met on April 29 with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu for talks ...
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has arrived in Israel, the next leg of his first diplomatic trip to the Middle East during which he was briefing U.S. allies about President Donald Trump's threat to quit the Iran nuclear deal. Pompeo met on April 29 with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu for talks ...
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo delivered a broadside against Iran on his first foreign trip as the U.S.'s top diplomat, calling Tehran the world's “greatest sponsor of terrorism” and repeating President Donald Trump's threat to pull out of the nuclear deal if it isn't changed. “We are determined to make sure ...
Secretary of State Mike Pompeo delivered a broadside against Iran on his first foreign trip as the U.S.'s top diplomat, calling Tehran the world's “greatest sponsor of terrorism” and repeating President Donald Trump's threat to pull out of the nuclear deal if it isn't changed. “We are determined to make sure ...
OPINION: It's been over a century since 2779 young Kiwi boys perished in the Dardanelles, a fraction of the 130,000 death toll in that tragedy. We remembered them on Wednesday. But, alas, as this government rotates 100 soldiers to Iraq it's clear we have forgotten the lesson that was purchased so bitterly ...
By 2020, the Middle East and North Africa will need more than 60 million new jobs. Currently, youth unemployment is as high as 30% in some countries in the region. Unemployment is understandably a source of much concern: People under 30 represent 60% of the Arab population and they live in a ...
Washington's newly appointed secretary of state set off on a tour of America's key Middle East allies on Saturday, vowing to bring some "swagger" back to US diplomacy. After attending NATO talks in Brussels, Mike Pompeo was to embark on a three-day trip to Saudi Arabia, Israel and Jordan to update ...
A series of lectures on the Middle East will be presented the next four Monday nights at local libraries. Free and open to the public, the 6:30 p.m. lectures will be presented by Dr. Arthur Pitz, Ph.D, of Moline, history professor emeritus at Black Hawk College. They include: -- April 30, "Israel Celebrates Its 70th ...

This article was originally published here on ForeignPolicy.com on Friday, April 20, 2018. Last Friday's military operation against Syria accomplished little. The message the United States and its allies intended to send to Bashar al-Assad's regime about the use of chemical weapons was so feeble that leaders in Washington, ...
Solar's time has (nearly) come in the Middle East. Tthe region is home to some of the most attractive markets for new-build solar in the world, and a steady stream of internationally competitive tenders — including more than 8 gigawatts expected in 2018 — has created a sizable pipeline of utility-scale ...
For a region that has seen considerable growth in airline traffic over the past 20 years, there is a remarkably small presence of crossover narrowbody jets in the Middle East. The vast majority of single-aisle aircraft designed for the 90-150-seat market operating in the region are the smallest members of the ...
Preventing the next Big War in the Middle East. A boy carries a mortar shell left behind by forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al. The next war in the Middle East next war is less likely to result from a tactical glitch than from the strategic undercurrents shaping the international order in the Levant.
World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) will host the Middle East's biggest ever pay-per-view event in Saudi Arabia on Friday, as it looks to capitalize on the kingdom's more open stance to foreign entertainment brands. Last month, the wrestling giant signed a 10-year deal with Saudi Arabia. As part of that, ...
John Pontifex, from Aid to the Church in Need, the Catholic charity for persecuted and other suffering Christians, said: “The communities in the Middle East – such as those I recently met in Syria and Iraq – have suffered unbelievable pain and so for them this prayer initiative from Pope Francis will be a real ...
UNRWA funding is expected to dry up by summer, according to Nickolay Mladenov, the UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process. Much of the debate in the Security Council Thursday focused on more recent violence in Gaza, during which dozens of Palestinians have been killed by Israeli ...
While it does make me uncomfortable and while it is not perfect, I am in favor of staying in the Iran deal. I know that's being talked a lot about right now. But the truth is that I worry a lot about the catastrophic consequences of actions that are taken in the Middle East. We see this time and again with the war in ...
While it does make me uncomfortable and while it is not perfect, I am in favor of staying in the Iran deal. I know that's being talked a lot about right now. But the truth is that I worry a lot about the catastrophic consequences of actions that are taken in the Middle East. We see this time and again with the war in ...
A Cape Coral pilot held captive in a Middle Eastern prison is back home and reunited with family after spending 45 days in a cell. Fifty-eight-year-old Steven Bral was arrested on March 3 when the plane he was piloting landed in Oman. The Omani government detained Bral after he failed to pay an ...
A Cape Coral pilot held captive in a Middle Eastern prison is back home and reunited with family after spending 45 days in a cell. Fifty-eight-year-old Steven Bral was arrested on March 3 when the plane he was piloting landed in Oman. The Omani government detained Bral after he failed to pay an ...
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe says he is planning to visit the Middle East during the spring holidays that begin this month. Abe told a Lower House budget committee on Thursday that he will make the tour if the situation, including the Diet schedule, allows. He said he will visit the United Arab ...
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe says he is planning to visit the Middle East during the spring holidays that begin this month. Abe told a Lower House budget committee on Thursday that he will make the tour if the situation, including the Diet schedule, allows. He said he will visit the United Arab ...
EXCLUSIVE VIDEO: GWM's Howell on Middle East regulation and future of int'l adviser industry ... Big Interview International Investment's Gary Robinson met with Guardian's joint chief executive David Howell to discuss the current state of regulation in the Middle East and company's plans for 2018.
EXCLUSIVE VIDEO: GWM's Howell on Middle East regulation and future of int'l adviser industry ... Big Interview International Investment's Gary Robinson met with Guardian's joint chief executive David Howell to discuss the current state of regulation in the Middle East and company's plans for 2018.
Egyptian authorities have officially agreed to repatriate the body of the Palestinian engineer, Fadi Al-Batsh, who was killed on Saturday in the Malaysian capital of Kuala Lampur, to the Gaza Strip for burial, the Palestinian Ambassador to Malaysia announced yesterday. Anwar Al-Agha said Al-Batsh's body ...
McDermott International says projects in the Middle East are helping to drive utilisation of its marine assets. “We reported Q1 2018 revenues of US$607.8M, an increase of US$88.4M, compared to revenues of US$519.4M for the prior-year first quarter,” said the company when announcing its latest results.
The group is sending its lovable Muppets to the Middle East to help bring laughter and build strength in the affected children. Shari Rosenfeld works for Sesame Workshop, which produces the children's television show Sesame Street. She says her group is working with the International Rescue Committee ...
Hotels in the Middle East reported mixed first-quarter performance results in 2018. However, hotels in Africa posted growth across the three key performance metrics, according to the latest data from STR. Occupancy across hotels in the Middle East rose 0.9 percent to 70.6 percent in the first quarter of 2018, ...
Amid state-sponsored repression and social stigma, LGBTQ people across in the Middle East and North Africa are speaking out against homophobia ... Hamed Sinno, a 30-year old gay musician from Lebanon, sent a message of hope to young LGBTQ people in the Mideast and North Africa in his video.
(CNN) Of the many interesting portions of President Trump's news conference Tuesday with French President Emmanuel Macron, one of the more confusing came when he complained -- for the umpteenth time -- that the US has spent $7 trillion in the Middle East since 2001 and then threatened Iran in the ...
Internal polarization of Middle East has reached a critical level. Engagement lines and hotbeds of tensions increase both between Sunnite (Saudi Arabia) and Shiite (Iran) power centers and inside the Arab world. Leading players in the region are getting more and more involved into confrontation with ...
Retired Army General Jack Keane suggests that the nations of the Middle East who oppose the Iran/Assad-Syria/Hezbollah coalition form what might be called: The Middle East Treaty Organization (METO), a regional, collective-security arrangement along the lines of NATO. In short, contain the westward ...
Solar's time has (nearly) come in the Middle East. According to GTM Research's new Global Solar Market Attractiveness Index, the region is home to some of the most attractive markets for new-buildsolarin the world, and a steady stream of internationally competitive tenders — including more than 8 ...
Zurich's claims insights show its claims experience corresponds strongly with the region's leading causes of premature death and critical illness. Cardiovascular disease and cancer remain the top causes for claims, with 71% of women claiming due to cancer, and 52% of men claiming on cardiovascular ...
In an earlier announcement, ConsenSys founder and Ethereum co-founder Joseph Lubin laid out his company's commitment to growing the Ethereum ecosystem in the Middle East: “Using blockchain technologies to build next-generation nations has always been high on our agenda, and there is no better ...
“Since publishing our claims statistics in 2011, we have seen a steady increase in critical illness and life cover claims,” said Rohan Chittal, Zurich Middle East's chief underwriter and head of claims. “This reflects the demographic shifts in health within the region with an increasing prevalence of obesity, ...
ATLANTA — Messe Frankfurt has acquired a majority holding in Middle East Cleaning Technology Week (MECTW), to be held next in Dubai, Nov. 13-15, 2018, further strengthening its position, it reports, in the Middle East, one of the fastest growing regions of the world. The fair and exhibition company ...
Police in Kuala Lumpur published the facial composite sketches of the two suspects in the assassination of a Hamas-linked engineer in Malaysia over the weekend that has been attributed to Israel by the victim's family. Officials in Malaysia initially said "foreign agents" may have been involved in Fadi ...
Dubai: The legal departments of OSN, Johnson Controls Middle East & Africa and DIFC Academy of Law were among the big winners at The Middle East Legal Awards 2018, which took place in Dubai on Thursday. The trio were named as Legal Department of the Year - Large Team; Legal Department of ...
Why then does the US avoid investing effort and diplomacy to save the already devastated Middle East from yet another threatening war, this time between Saudi Arabia and Israel on the one side and Iran on the other? Instead, Trump is actually paving the way for such a confrontation with his plans to ...
by International Crisis Group. Editor's Note: What follows is the executive summary of a recent report from the International Crisis Group, “Iran's Priorities in a Turbulent Middle East,” which tries to analyze Iran's activities in the Middle East from Iran's perspective. As the ICG notes in the introduction to the ...
April 20, 2018. Speakers: Jihad Azour, Director, Middle East and Central Asia Department, IMF. Wafa Amr, Senior Communications Officer, Communications Department, IMF. MS. AMR: Good morning, this is Wafa Amr from the Communications Department, Welcome to the Press Briefing on the Middle East and Central Asia ...


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