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 Kurdistan

Kurdistan is an area in the Middle East, inhabited mainly by the Kurds. Kurdistan covers parts of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Georgia and Syria. The borders of Kurdistan are hard to define, as none of the states in question acknowledge Kurdistan as a demographic or geographical region. There is a province of Kurdistan in Iran.


Before World War I, most Kurds lived within the boundaries of the Ottoman Empire. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the Allies created several countries within its former boundaries. Originally Kurdistan, along with Armenia was to be one of them, according to the Treaty of Svres. However, the reconquest of these areas by Kemal Atatrk and other pressing issues caused the Allies to accept the renegotiated Treaty of Lausanne, returning this territory to Turkey. Other Kurdish areas were assigned to the new states of Iraq and Syria under both treaties. These boundaries were drawn with more concern for the division of oil resources and influence between different colonial powers and for rewarding pro-Allied Arab leaders than for ethnic distributions.


Since then, Kurds have been divided between several states, in each of which they are minorities. Many Kurds have campaigned for independence or autonomy since then, but there has been no support by any of the regional governments or by outside powers for changes in regional boundaries. A sizeable Kurdish diaspora exists in Western Europe that participates in agitation for Kurdish issues, but most of the governments in the Middle East have historically banned open Kurdish activism.


In Turkey, Iran, and Iraq, Kurdish guerilla groups fight against the government and have some control over Kurdish areas.



Dutch: Koerdistan
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Kurdistan

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updated Fri. January 19, 2018

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Easing political tensions between the semi-autonomous Kurdistan Region and the federal government of Iraq have led Chevron CorporationCVX to announce plans to resume drilling activities in the Kurdistan Region in Iraq. The company had called off operations in the region in October 2017 owing to ...
Kurdish musician Gulseven Medar was born in 1981 in Turkey. She talks with Rudaw about the composition of her first solo song when she was in primary school. In the Zara area of Sivas Province in northern Turkey, she now rehearses maqam, a local style of melody, in addition to other music genres.

During a meeting with dignitaries and residents of the Sargaran area near Kirkuk, former Kurdistan Region President Barzani stressed that the Arabization policy taking place in the Kurdish-populated villages and cities was "a great injustice." Barzani added that the Region would "do its duty" and prevent and stop these ...
Turkish authorities accuse Demirtas and other detained members of the HDP of links to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which has waged a three-decade insurgency against the state and is classed by Turkey, the United States and the European Union as a terrorist organization. They deny any ...
Three months on from the failure of October 16, there is still an ongoing, meaningless argument in the Kurdistan Region about whether what happened was a ... fast and none of the Kurdish leaders is reassuring us that they have an organized agenda to turn these changes into advantages for Kurdistan.

U.S. support for the SDF has put enormous strain on ties with NATO ally Turkey, which views the YPG as an extension of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) - a group that has waged a three-decade insurgency in Turkey. Syria's main Kurdish groups have emerged as one of the few winners of the Syrian ...
Russia and Turkey have threatened the US-led coalition's new Kurdish-dominated "Border Security Force." The US acknowledged on Sunday that it is training a force of 30,000 personnel to operate along the north and eastern parts of Syria. The development only increases tensions between the US, Russia, and Turkey.
Newspapers that once hailed the contribution of the Kurds to defeating Daesh (Isis) largely ignore the fact, for instance, that Baghdad has closed Kurdistan's airports to international flights, a ban that has just been extended despite its obvious impact on commerce and medical treatment for all Kurdish ...
WASHINGTON -- President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey lashed out on Monday against a proposed American-trained force that would potentially position thousands of Kurdish militia fighters along Turkey's southern border. The allied military headquarters in Baghdad that is leading the fight against ...
Turkey's Erdogan vows to "drown" the Syrian Kurdish border security force that the United States is setting up. By The Associated Press. Ankara, Turkey -- Jan 15, 2018, 6:29 AM ET. 0 Shares. email. Star. 0 Shares. Email. Turkey's Erdogan vows to "drown" the Syrian Kurdish border security force that the United States is ...
Iraqi delegation arrives in Erbil to solve flight ban with Kurdistan. ERBIL, Kurdistan Region -- Kurdish officials have welcomed the arrival of a high-level delegation from Baghdad to Erbil on Monday, when both sides are expected to work to finalize a blueprint agreement that would reopen the Kurdistan ...
Spanos argues that like Venezuela, Kurdistan could 'tokenize' oil -- that is, automate the creation of an exchangeable unit of value for each barrel as it is produced. Spanos even suggests that "With enough creativity, a future Kurdish state could bypass the prerequisite of a full-fledged central bank." With Kurdish banks ...
The writer then returned to Kurdistan prior to the establishment of the Kurdistan Region and became a part of the Kurdish struggle in Iraq. He was also the brother of Sadegh Sharafkandi, the second secretary-general of the Democratic party of Iranian Kurdistan (PDKI). He died in 1991 in Iran and was ...
Turkey has consistently opposed the coalition's support for the SDF because the force is dominated by the Kurdish people's Protection Units (YPG) militia. Ankara considers the YPG an extension of the banned Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which has fought for Kurdish autonomy in Turkey for three ...
The KRG office said they are willing to transfer ISIS affiliates to federal authorities, noting the government has formed a committee in coordination with the UN's office in Iraq, "to determine the fate of the ISIS detainees" in the Kurdistan Region, but said Baghdad has not yet begun legal proceedings to accept ...
... added, "All of them are Kurds who receive direct support from the government of Erbil," where the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) is based. "The group's main goal is to undermine security in Tuz Khormato and the disputed areas, to force non-Kurds out and prepare to restore Kurdish influence.".

The YPG has received arms shipments and training from the US, in a move that angered Turkey which considers the Kurdish forces to be a "terrorist group" that threatens its security. Ankara says YPG fighters are linked to Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) separatists inside Turkey, who have waged an armed ...
Kurdistan has functioned as an autonomous state of Iraq since the 1990s. But following a referendum on independence in September, the Iraqi government has been asserting itself. It recently expelled Kurdish forces from in Kirkurk and Iraqi forces have also secured the border between Kurdistan and ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region -- Tuz Khurmatu Mayor Shalal Abdul was ousted from office by a council vote in the absence of seven Kurdish and two Arab members of the district council on Wednesday. The mayor says he will appeal the decision in courts and calls it illegal, claiming the Kurdish councilmen ...
Cavusoglu argued that the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) which is fighting his government over larger Kurdish rights was encouraged by the move. He also cited Syrian Kurds' aspirations for autonomy as a threat to Turkey. Erbil, before and after the referendum, expressed willingness in engaging in talks with Baghdad to ...
There are now 70,000 of 150,000 Kurds in Sweden eligible to vote. Photo: NurPhoto via Getty Images. Stockholm, Sweden -- With Sweden in an election year, the diaspora wants to play a larger role in politics. Kurdish leaders in diaspora are encouraging engagement across the political spectrum, ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - A 5.5 magnitude earthquake hit Iranian Kurdistan Thursday near the Iraq border where infrastructure is already weakened ... Another 4.4 earthquake hit nearby halfway between the Kurdish majority cities of Kermanshah and Sanandaj in Iranian Kurdistan on Sunday morning in ...
The jailed co-leader of Turkey's main pro-Kurdish party has said he is not planning to run in any further elections, effectively ending a political career ... Demirtas and the HDP are accused of links to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) which has waged an insurgency in Turkey since 1984 and is ...
Caroline Fourest, the respected French journalist, documentary filmmaker and Feminist champion, is set to make her feature debut with "Red Snake," an action-packed political film revolving around a battalion of Kurdish female warriors and international volunteers. The film, currently in pre-production, ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region -- The prime minister of the Kurdistan Region hailed the work of Deloitte to audit the process of oil and gas in the Kurdistan ... Concerning the overheated subject of elections as all the Kurdish parties are pondering the date, Barzani explained that next week, the government, ...
A Kurdish refugee in Turkey and his son speak to Rudaw in Amed or Diyarbakir. Photo: Rudaw TV. by Mashallah Dakak. Diyarbakir, Turkey -- refugees from Rojava or Syrian Kurdistan living in southeastern Turkey understand the advantages Turkish citizenship can offer, as the civil war in their ...
The third and final round of elections to choose political leaders in Syria's majority-Kurdish north were slated for later this month. But now, one official says, the race is postponed for "administrative" reasons, with no new date scheduled. The elections, which were to include three separate rounds over the ...
A German-Kurdish footballer and well-known critic of the Turkish government has survived a suspected murder attempt while driving in western Germany. ... judge gave Naki a suspended jail sentence of 18 months for "spreading terrorist propaganda for the PKK", the separatist Kurdistan Workers' Party.
The claims refer to the weeks in which Baghdad forcibly took back disputed territories after the Kurdish independence referendum. ... Kurdistan, against overwhelming international advice, held a vote on independence in September that prompted Baghdad to react by forcibly taking back disputed territories ...
The late PUK founder Jalal Talabani, like many other of his followers, were originally KDP members and instrumental in creating the foundation for the modern Kurdistan Region. The two parties share alliance pact since 2007, called the Strategic Agreement. It paved the way for a power-sharing system ...
Some 50 percent of the casualties occurred in Sarpol-e Zahab during that earthquake.. Across the border in Iraq, the earthquake killed at least nine people and injured 550 others, all in the country's northern, semi-autonomous Kurdish region, according to its Interior Ministry. More than 400 aftershocks have ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region (Kurdistan 24) - A Kurdish man from Erbil, the capital of the Kurdistan Region, resembles a striking similarity to Iraqi Parliament Speaker Salim al-Jabouri, despite both of them belonging to different ethnic groups. Rizgar Kakarosh, a Kurdish language teacher from the city of Taq Taq, 90 kilometers ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region -- The minister of Iranian intelligence has issued a harsh warning to "anti-revolutionary forces," promising revenge after the death ... The Democratic party of Iranian Kurdistan claimed it killed six members of the IRGC for harassing Kurdish villagers, while the IRGC later announced ...
Rasul was in Germany when a wave of anti-government protests hit many Kurdish cities in PUK's powerbase provinces Sulaimani and Halabja last month which caused the deaths of three people. He then said in a statement warning all Kurdish parties and people of Kurdistan that the Kurdish house is ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - Iraqi's prime minister requested the oil minister to prepare for talks with the Kurdistan Region about oil, the minister revealed, ... oilfields in Kirkuk, which had been operated by the Kurdistan Region since 2014 after Kurdish forces secured the province in the face of ISIS advances ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region (Kurdistan 24) - During a Friday prayer sermon in Tehran, Ahmed Khatami blamed Erbil and other capitals of being behind the wave of anti-government protests in Iran, and called the Kurdistan Region a "second Israel." protests erupted across Iran over a week ago, spurring up in ...
Tastekin, a well-known figure in the majority-Kurdish city Diyarbakir, was on the ground to witness some of the worst fighting between the army and supporters of the banned Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) -- labelled a terror group by Turkey, the US and EU. As a Kurd who refused to perform his military ...
Baghdad imposed the flight ban in late-September on the Kurdistan Region's two international airports, just four days after nearly 93 percent of the people voted via referendum to leave Iraq. Kurdish officials said in late December that the ban was extended until end of February. Iraq said that the ban never ...
Sulaimani - The Kurdistan Region's Independent High elections and Referendum Commission (IHERC) has prepared a new project for the region's elections, aimed at ensuring an honest election outcome and preventing fraud. The commission plans to use voting centers instead of stations during the ...
Beirut, Lebanon (5:35 P.M.) - Syrian Coalition-led forces have made a new series of key advances against Islamic state terrorists in the province of Deir Ezzor amid a renewed push to capture a strategic region on east shore of the Euphrates river. On Tuesday, pro-Kurdish and pro-Coalition sources ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region (Kurdistan 24) - A regional court in the Turkish capital of Ankara on Tuesday fined the imprisoned Co-leader of the pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic party (HDP) Selahattin Demirtas 15,000 Liras (3,980 USD) over a 2016 speech in which the judges deemed he insulted President Recep Tayyip ...
Kurdish officials have called on the UN to send a "fact-finding" group to "investigate and collect information" on the Kurdish villages being targeted by the new campaigns of forced displacements. The Kurdistan Region's Prime Minister, Nechrivan Barzani, has repeatedly warned that the UN has not taken the Khurmatu ...
... according to her mother. The French interior ministry refused to comment on RMC's report, but her arrest has since been confirmed by Khaled Issa, the Kurdish Syrian representative in France. She was allegedly arrested in Chaddade, a town in the north-eastern Syrian province of Hasaka, in December.
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region -- The Iraqi Parliament could not convene on Wednesday to discuss 2018 budget due to a boycott by Sunni and Kurdish factions, but could ... It is unclear when the session will resume," Masoud Haider, an MP from Kurdistan in the finance committee, told Rudaw from Baghdad.
Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region - Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) has released names and photos of the two Turkish intelligence officers it captured inside ... The Kurdish group said Pekcetin and Gunel had been operating inside the Kurdistan Region on diplomatic passports on an operation that had been ...
The spy was observed in local Kurdish dress near Hanekin and Halabja, talking in secret to Kurdish leaders about their next move in the region. ... his mission was to try to prevent clashes between Masoud Barzani's Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and Jalal Talabani's Kurdistan Patriotic Union (PUK).
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region (Kurdistan 24) - Kurdish opposition parties in Iranian Kurdistan (Rojhelat) over the weekend expressed their support for the protests across Iran, calling for a joint committee to direct the demonstrators. In a combined statement on Saturday, the Kurdistan Democratic Party-Iran (PDKI) and the ...
HDP spokesperson Osman Baydemir was barred from parliament in December for speaking the word Kurdistan. In July, the parliament adopted new guidelines that banned use of the terms "Kurdistan," "Kurdish regions," and "Armenian genocide." The deputy parliament speaker asked Baydemir, "Where is ...
Istanbul, Turkey (Kurdistan 24) - Imprisoned Co-chair of Turkey's pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic party (HDP) Selahattin Demirtas this week said he had no plans to become a candidate for the country's 2019 elections, including for the presidency. "I am a man of struggle, and it does not matter what position I am a ...


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