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 Kurdistan

Kurdistan is an area in the Middle East, inhabited mainly by the Kurds. Kurdistan covers parts of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Georgia and Syria. The borders of Kurdistan are hard to define, as none of the states in question acknowledge Kurdistan as a demographic or geographical region. There is a province of Kurdistan in Iran.


Before World War I, most Kurds lived within the boundaries of the Ottoman Empire. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the Allies created several countries within its former boundaries. Originally Kurdistan, along with Armenia was to be one of them, according to the Treaty of Svres. However, the reconquest of these areas by Kemal Atatrk and other pressing issues caused the Allies to accept the renegotiated Treaty of Lausanne, returning this territory to Turkey. Other Kurdish areas were assigned to the new states of Iraq and Syria under both treaties. These boundaries were drawn with more concern for the division of oil resources and influence between different colonial powers and for rewarding pro-Allied Arab leaders than for ethnic distributions.


Since then, Kurds have been divided between several states, in each of which they are minorities. Many Kurds have campaigned for independence or autonomy since then, but there has been no support by any of the regional governments or by outside powers for changes in regional boundaries. A sizeable Kurdish diaspora exists in Western Europe that participates in agitation for Kurdish issues, but most of the governments in the Middle East have historically banned open Kurdish activism.


In Turkey, Iran, and Iraq, Kurdish guerilla groups fight against the government and have some control over Kurdish areas.



Dutch: Koerdistan
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Kurdistan

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Washington DC, United States (Kurdistan 24) - US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson told Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi that the US supports "a stable and viable Iraqi Kurdistan Region," as the two leaders met in Kuwait at an international conference on funding Iraqi reconstruction, State Department ...
Kurdish MPs boycott an Iraqi session of parliament on February 13, 2018, over the proposed budget bill. ... "We found it necessary to convey the desires of the people of Kurdistan to all the parliamentarians and Iraq's [public] opinion, so that they do not say why you did not present your reservations when ...

It was the first reported attack on a Turkish base in Iraqi Kurdistan and came as Turkish troops were in the fourth week of a deadly incursion in the Syrian Kurdish enclave of Afrin. Guerbya is one of 18 bases in Iraqi Kurdistan that Turkey has maintained since the 1990s despite repeated calls by the region's ...
"No one from the Kurdistan Region has made the Umrah journey yet, whereas the Umrah season started a few months ago. And this is because of the ban on international flights at the Kurdistan Region airports," Nabaz Ismael Kamal, the spokesperson for the KRG's Ministry of religious Affairs, told Rudaw.
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region -- The Iraqi heads of government, state, and parliament are set to meet to discuss the overdue 2018 budget bill. This comes ... Kurdish MPs have a number of concerns for budget bill, notably decreasing the Kurdistan Regional Government's budget share from 17 to 12.6 percent.
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region (Kurdistan 24) - Kurdish blocs in the Iraqi Parliament on Tuesday said they would continue to boycott Parliament session's regarding a budget bill which proposes a decrease in the Kurdistan Region's share of the national budget. During a press conference following a walk-out from Parliament, ...

Until recently, Turkey viewed the KDP, the dominant party in Iraqi Kurdistan, as its top ally against the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), the armed group that first fought for Kurdish independence and later for Kurdish self-rule inside Turkey since 1984. The YPG was birthed by the PKK and pledges fealty to its ...
While officials of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union Of Kurdistan (PUK) live in luxurious houses with 24/7 electricity, the majority of residents have not been receiving their salaries, which had previously been reduced, and the Kurdish economy is in a free fall, creating ...
Amanda Johnston isn't angry at the woman who helped draft her son to the Kurdish cause, even though he died fighting in Syria. In fact ... The page detailed Kurdish victories in Syria and Iraq and celebrated martyrs fallen in battle. ... "The mother of a Kurdish martyr is the mother of all Kurdistan," Gulfer says.
Turkey views the YPG as an extension of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which has fought a three-decade insurgency in Turkey and is listed as a terrorist group by the United States and the European Union. It launched an offensive into the Kurdish Afrin region of northwestern Syria on Jan. 20, aiming ...
Abadi over the past months has repeatedly affirmed Baghdad would send salaries for employees of the KRG on the public payroll, but so far has yet to do so, prompting the Kurdish official to describe the Iraqi Premier's statements as 'propaganda.' The international flight ban on the Kurdistan Region's airports came into ...
Iraqi forces say they're making advances in their operation to secure northern areas near the border with Iran. They are fighting a mainly Kurdish group called the White Banners or White Flags who are believed to be allied with ISIL. The area is a proposed truck route for oil deliveries between Iran and Iraq.
"We have agreed preliminarily to discuss these topics in the meetings and for them to be implemented through either statements or joint action," Kamil Nuranifard, a politburo member of the Organization of the Revolutionary Khabat Organization of Iranian Kurdistan (Khabat) told Kurdish media following ...
"We are working within the Swedish and European Parliament to stop the fierce attack by Turkey on [Afrin] which has left innocent civilians, including women and children, dead," Kurdish Left Party MP Amineh Kakabaveh told Kurdistan 24. Another Kurdish MP, Jabar Amin of the Green Party, called on Sweden to "withdraw ...
Facing rising crime, Kurdish leaders and residents in Kirkuk report a security vacuum in Kurdish neighbourhoods of the city since it was taken over by ... The Patriotic Union Of Kurdistan (PUK) is "confronting Arabization every day," said Rawand Mala Mahmud, deputy head of the party's Kirkuk headquarters.
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - In another attempt to unify the Kurdish vote ahead of Iraq's elections, political parties of the Kurdistan Region met on ... The Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), Patriotic Union Of Kurdistan (PUK), Gorran, Kurdistan Islamic Group (Komal), Kurdistan Islamic Union (KIU), and other ...
Kurdish Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani speaks to reporters following a meeting with the Kurdish parliament and the election body t discuss setting a date for ... ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - The authorities in the Kurdistan Region have failed to set a date for Kurdish elections following a high-level meeting ...

"We can no longer sit idle in Kurdistan waiting for scrap from south and central Iraq. We have to discover essential iron materials and produce it ourselves, said Aras Abdullah, the executive manager of MASS Company, which as a holding group is well-known in the Kurdistan Region for its iron, steel, and ...
Syrian Kurdish people's Protection Units (YPG) rockets have struck Turkish soil, injuring and killing civilians. Turkey has launched a military operation against the Kurdish militia inside Syria. Turkey denies it has killed any civilians. Al Jazeera's Jamal Elshayyal reports from Reyhanli on the Turkey-Syria ...
Kurdish MPs pressure Abadi to listen to IMF's advice for 2018 budget. By HEVIDAR AHMED 6 hours ago. Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi meets Kurdish MPs and committee heads in Baghdad on February 2, 2018. Photo: Iraq PM office. ERBIL, Kurdistan Region -- Parliamentarians from Kurdish parties are urging Iraqi ...
"It followed an NCA investigation into a Kurdish network suspected of smuggling people to the UK from France, Belgium, and the Netherlands," the agency said ... Facing the financial crisis and the war against ISIS, many people from the Kurdistan Region and other Kurdish cities under the control of the Iraqi ...
A suspected Kurdish people-smuggling network has been targeted in a series of raids across the country involving at least 350 officers. The National Crime Agency operation saw officers storm car washes and houses across Northumbria, Cleveland, Sussex and the Greater London area. The agency said ...
He also said that about 350 IS militants detained in the city of Kirkuk were transferred to prisons inside the Kurdish region when the Iraqi federal forces retook control of the oil-rich province of Kirkuk in mid-October. "The names of all the prisoners have been sent to the United Nations' organizations as well ...
UPDATE: Magnitude 5.6 quake strikes Iran-Iraq border near Kurdish cities Quake victims stuck in tents as winter chills Iranian Kurdistan Thousands remain missing after Iraq's victories against IS Iran reopens last two land gates with Kurdistan Region · #RudawDaily: teachers take to the streets in Sulaimani ...
Iraqi federal court refuses to issue ruling on Kurdish flag in Kirkuk ... Baghdad, Iraq -- The Iraqi Federal Court has refused to rule on the issue of raising the flag of Kurdistan in the disputed province of Kirkuk saying that it does ... Kurdish parties have also been forbidden from raising the flag at their offices.
"This is the spoils of war from the female pigs of the P.K.K.," one of the men in the videos says, referring to the Kurdistan Workers' Party, a Kurdish group from Turkey designated by the United States and Europe as terrorists. The Syrian Kurdish militia, known as the People's Protection Units or Y.P.G., is not ...
Turkey says eight soldiers killed near Syrian Kurdish enclave in deadliest day so far since Afrin operation started. By The Associated Press. Ankara, Turkey -- Feb 3, 2018, 1:32 PM ET. 0 Shares. email. Star. 0 Shares. Email · Turkey says eight soldiers killed near Syrian Kurdish enclave in deadliest day so far since Afrin ...
Iraqi ban on Kurdistan landline calls puts lives at risk: officials ... by the Iraqi authorities to force cell phone companies to cut calls to Kurdistan-based landlines puts citizens' lives and security at risk, Kurdish officials ... Both companies are registered with Kurdistan's transport and communication ministry.
Barin Kobani was part of the YPG's all-female unit, the YPJ. She was killed during fighting earlier this week in the northern part of the region, reports say. Turkey views the YPG as a terrorist group and an extension of the banned Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), which has fought for Kurdish autonomy in south-eastern Turkey ...
Washington DC, United States (Kurdistan 24) - Briefing reporters on Thursday, Deputy Secretary of State John Sullivan explained that on his visit to Baghdad and Erbil earlier this week, he had urged both parties to reach agreement on the issues that now divide them. "I encouraged Prime Minister Abadi ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region (Kurdistan 24) - In a recent decree, Iraq's Media and Communication Commission has requested all telecom companies in Iraq and the Kurdistan Region to cut off their connection with landlines in the Kurdistan Region. "It is part of collective punishments against the Kurdistan Region," Fatih Ismael, ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - The Patriotic Union Of Kurdistan (PUK) has allied with an Arab list in Saladin province to run for Iraqi elections, a party member confirmed to Rudaw ... In previous elections, the Kurdish vote did not pass 22,000, while securing a seat in the parliament requires at least 40,000 votes.
The Kurds blamed the "terrorist allies of the enemy Turkish state" for mutilating the body of Kobani, who was a member of the all-female Kurdish women's Protection Units. The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a monitoring group based in Britain, said it received the video from a Syrian rebel fighting ...
Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region - "Afrin children are not alone, my heart is with them," said Nma Nariman, a seven-year-old Kurdish social media campaigner, in a short but emotional video message to the people of the Kurdish canton, where at least 20 children have been killed in the Turkish offensive.
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region -- Iraq's Ministry of Trade has put Kurdish writing back on ration cards for the province of Sulaimani, and is said to do the same for ... Kurdish writing will be added to [ration cards] of Erbil and Duhok provinces," the directorate general of planning at the Iraqi ministry of trade said in a ...
Turkey has fired back after France's president warned it against invading a Kurdish enclave in Syria, calling his remarks an "insult." Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said Thursday that France was in no position to "teach a lesson" to Turkey over its cross-border offensive, referring to past French ...
Turkish officials say the air and ground campaign against U.S.-backed Kurdish forces in northwest Syria is a "national security issue" and an effort to protect the country's border, but the U.S. sees the Kurdish militia as a valuable partner in the fight against ISIS. Judy Woodruff talks with Serdar Kilic, Turkey's ...
Turkish warplanes struck 19 Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) targets in northern Iraq on Monday, killing 49 militants, Turkey's armed forces said on Thursday. Two airstrikes were carried out in the Asos/Qandil, Zap, Avasin/Basyan and Hakurk regions on Monday, the army said in a written statement.
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - Deniz Naki, a Kurdish football player playing for Turkey's Amedspor, was given a three-and-a-half year ban because of his opposition to Turkey's military operation in Afrin. He slammed the Turkish football Federation (TFT), which made the ruling against him, as "political and ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region -- Norwegian lawmaker Himanshu Gulati has nominated the forces of the Kurdish peshmerga for the Nobel Peace Prize for their ... Kurdish Peshmerga soldiers were the first to fight back against ISIS after the group overran the Iraqi Army in the country's second-largest city of Mosul ...
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region -- The investigative committee to look into the events of Khurmatu is yet to obtain parliamentary approval and begin its work. Kurdish MPs want the ... the multiethnic town. The Kurdish population of the city is living in camps in the Kurdistan Region, and thousands are yet to return.
Muthana Amin, the head of the Kurdistan Islamic Union (KIU) faction, reading a joint statement on behalf of all factions, told reporters that although Kurdish MPs have demanded a meeting with Abadi to discuss the budgetary disagreements, they have received only "negative and incomplete responses" from ...
There is a nasty diplomatic and military conflict brewing in Syria between Turkey, the United States, and our Syrian Kurdish allies. It needs to be settled quickly before two NATO allies begin shooting at each other. Turkish forces have invaded Syria to attack Kurdish strongholds near the Turkish border.
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - The Iraqi oil ministry plans to increase crude oil flow from Kirkuk to Kurdish refineries despite Iraqi lawmakers opposing the ... to refineries owned by the Erbil-based KAR Group, a sign of increasing cooperation between the Iraqi oil ministry and the Kurdistan Region, as reported ...
More than 100,000 of these Kurdish soldiers -- our allies against Saddam Hussein and ISIS -- manned a nearly impenetrable front riddled with tank ditches and checkpoints that has kept Kurdistan an enclave of comparative security while much of the rest of Iraq remains too dangerous for tourists.
QAMISHLI, Syria -- A female Kurdish fighter carried out what appeared to be a suicide bombing attack on the Turkish military in Syria, destroying a tank .... The Turks refer to Syrian Kurdish militias by the initials of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party, P.K.K. -- separatists who are closely allied with the ...
Senator Ernst (R-IA) added: "I enjoyed meeting with Kurdistan Interior Minister Karim Sinjari to discuss current events, including the war against ISIS. For years, the Kurdish peshmerga forces have been a critical and reliable partner to the United States in our fight against terror. While significant progress ...
Conflict between Kurdish and Iraqi forces serves no one's interest. The United States has some friends who offer little in return for its generous support. They take U.S. assistance for granted. This is not the case in Kurdistan. Investing in a strong Kurdistan Region will result in a key security partner tomorrow, ...
A week ago, Turkey launched an attack in northwest Syria, targeting Kurdish militias near its border. These are the same militias that helped the United States repel ISIS there; Turkey's President, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, regards them as terrorists, and said this week that they are no different from ISIS. The city of Afrin has ...
According to figures produced by the directorate general of transportation in the Kurdistan Region, there are 92,207 vehicles for rent. Of which, nearly 82,000 are taxis. The rest are bus and mini bus vehicles. There are 42,321 vehicles for rent in Erbil, 31,156 in Sulaimani province, and 18,317 in the ...


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