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 George Frost Kennan

George Frost Kennan (February 16, 1904 - March 17, 2005) was an American advisor, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War. He later wrote standard histories of the relations between Russia and the Western powers.

In the late 1940s, his writings inspired the Truman Doctrine and the U.S. foreign policy of "containing" the Soviet Union, thrusting him into a lifelong role as a leading authority on the Cold War. His "Long Telegram" from Moscow in 1946, and the subsequent 1947 article "The Sources of Soviet Conduct" argued that the Soviet regime was inherently expansionist and that its influence had to be "contained" in areas of vital strategic importance to the United States. These texts quickly emerged as foundational texts of the Cold War, expressing the Truman administration\'s new anti-Soviet Union policy. Kennan also played a leading role in the development of definitive Cold War programs and institutions, most notably the Marshall Plan.

Shortly after Kennan\'s doctrines had been enshrined as official U.S. policy, he began to criticize the policies that he had seemingly helped launch. By mid-1948, he was convinced that the situation in Western Europe had improved to the point where negotiations could be initiated with Moscow. The suggestion did not resonate within the Truman administration, and Kennan\'s influence was increasingly marginalized用articularly after Dean Acheson was appointed Secretary of State in 1949. As U.S. Cold War strategy assumed a more aggressive and militaristic tone, Kennan bemoaned what he called a misinterpretation of his thinking.

In 1950, Kennan left the Department of State, except for two brief ambassadorial stints in Moscow and Yugoslavia, and became a leading realist critic of U.S. foreign policy. He continued to be a leading thinker in international affairs as a faculty member of the Institute for Advanced Study from 1956 until his death at age 101 in March 2005.

George F. Kennan
George F. Kennan
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One prudent policymaker taking a historically informed view of the Cold War was George Kennan. In his famous 1946 "Long Telegram" and subsequent "X Article," Kennan's careful study of Russian and Soviet history fed into a sober analysis of the Sovietテδづつ...
Instead of listening to George F. Kennan, a Russian expert and diplomat extraordinaire, and to Richard Nixon, who both advised helping the new state financially as well as politically, uncle Sam heeded neocon siren voices and encircled Russia via NATO.
GOP and Democratic party leaders and media Pundits like Rachel Maddow are raising their anti-Russian rhetoric to cold-war levels. Jeffrey Tayler, contributing editor to The Atlantic, says they are ignoring the history of broken American promises, NATOテδづつ...
For decades, he had as much global influence as the secretaries of state and Treasury combined. He was greeted in foreign capitals with the pomp befitting a president.
Manhoff's posting coincided with the tumultuous ambassadorship of George F. Kennan, the author of the famed Long Telegram and de-factor architect of Washington's containment policy towards the USSR.
The Truman-era containment policy was the brainchild of George Kennan in 1946, when he was in Moscow as charge d'affaires at the US Embassy.
George Kennan, a Pulitzer Prize winning statesman and author of our "containment" policy, described NATO enlargement as a "strategic blunder of potentially epic proportions.
George Kennan, perhaps our most famous Cold War diplomat and widely considered to be the father of the United States' containment strategy, famously opposed NATO expansion in the 1990s, writing in the New York Times that expanding NATO would be aテδづつ...
The previous ambassador, George Kennan, had been recalled in October 1952, at the Soviets' demand, leaving no one in his place to interpret Kremlin moves from the same close-up position.
Truman had a different view, one more in sync with such anticommunist advisers as George Kennan, who learned firsthand about Soviet conceptions of "democracy" from his vantage point at the American embassy in Moscow during the 1930s and was theテδづつ...
As former National Security Adviser McGeorge Bundy, Amb. George Kennan, former Defense Secretary Robert McNamara and former Trilateral Commission Chairman Gerard Smith wrote in Foreign Affairs in 1982 about nuclear weapons first-use contingencyテδづつ...
Los Angeles - George Kennan knew how to bring down the house. His lecture audiences started off skeptical about whether Russia really wanted to be remade on the American model.
Writing of the Cold War veteran US diplomat George Kennan in 1949 described a political reality about Russian attitudes that still prevails despite the collapse of the Soviet Union: "The jealous eye of the Kremlin can distinguish in the end only ...
George Kennan, probably the most perceptive American analyst of Russia, wrote in 1954 that Soviet leaders "are not like ... us." war to the death with Nazi Germany has had a profound continuing impact on the nation, including the current generation.
George Kennan, probably the most perceptive American analyst of Russia, wrote in 1954 that Soviet leaders "are not like ... us." war to the death with Nazi Germany has had a profound continuing impact on the nation, including the current generation.
Listen to Jim Steinberg, a former Deputy Secretary of the State Dept, and Frank Gavin, the director of the Kissinger Center at SAIS, defend the blob.
Actually, many European leaders think they are better at strategizing than diplomats Talleyrand, Metternich, and George F. Kennan. European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker believes his master plan for investment is the New Deal II and willテδづつ...
Dobbins' work examined the experiences and perspectives of three of the embassy's principal members of staff: Ambassador Averell Harriman; Charge d' Affairs George Kennan and military advisor Major General John Deane. The thesis observed thatテδづつ...
Fried: George Kennan was dead right when he analyzed the Soviet Union and punctured the liberal illusions we had about them.
[v] On George F. Kennan's warning about the dangers of NATO expansion, see Thomas L. Friedman, "Foreign Affairs: Now a Word from X," New York Times, May 2, 1998.
George Kennan didn't think much of what he termed America's moralistic-legalistic tradition. But this foreign policy exceptionalism was the heart of our Grand strategy through two World wars, the Cold War and the post-1989 era, and it was crowned withテδづつ...
George Kennan didn't think much of what he termed America's moralistic-legalistic tradition. But this foreign policy exceptionalism was the heart of our Grand strategy through two World wars, the Cold War and the post-1989 era, and it was crowned withテδづつ...
The American diplomat and historian George F. Kennan observed in Russia Leaves the war that the February Revolution was "not a contrived revolution.
In an e-mail to The straits Times, Mr Stephen Sestanovich, George F Kennan senior fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, wrote: "President Trump has almost lost control of Russia policy by his own and his advisers'テδづつ...
... liberal interventionists (Madeline Albright, Jeffery Sachs), realists (Dimitri Simes), academics (Robert Legvold, Frederick Starr, Graham Allison), former diplomats and negotiators (Paul Nitze, George F. Kennan), former cabinet secretaries (Robert ...
The American diplomat and historian George F. Kennan observed in Russia Leaves the war that the February Revolution was "not a contrived revolution.
One notable figure was George F. Kennan who was head of Planning in the United States State Department. Kennan was the author of the far reaching article published under a pseudonym as "Mr. X" that appeared in the journal, Foreign Affairs.
George Kennan, the renowned American diplomat, attended the session and said Eisenhower showed his "intellectual ascendancy" over the entire group.
One notable figure was George F. Kennan who was head of Planning in the United States State Department. Kennan was the author of the far reaching article published under a pseudonym as "Mr. X" that appeared in the journal, Foreign Affairs.
George Kennan, the renowned American diplomat, attended the session and said Eisenhower showed his "intellectual ascendancy" over the entire group.
The Office of Policy Planning, created by George Kennan after World War II, is now filled not just with Ph.D.s, as it once was, but with fresh college graduates and a malpractice attorney from New Jersey whose sole foreign-policy credential seems to be ...
And even George Kennan, the most celebrated American Russia analyst of the twentieth century, agreed. Thus, NATO's overreach eastwards has caused the exact problem that NATO purportedly exists to circumvent: insecurity in Europe.
The American diplomat and historian George Kennan described The Great War as "the seminal tragedy" of the 20th century - seedbed of so many horrors to come.
George Kennan shaped the U.S. response to. Soviet communism with the "long telegram"4 in 1946. In this missive, he suggested that capitalism and democracy were superior systems and that communism could be defeated by containment and time.
George Kennan didn't think much of what he termed America's moralistic-legalistic tradition. But this foreign policy exceptionalism was the heart of our Grand strategy through two World wars, the Cold War and the post-1989 era, and it was crowned withテδづつ...
It's a post that legendary figures such as George F. Kennan have occupied. Kennan used it to help further conceptualize and implement his new containment doctrine in the late 1940s.
George F. Kennan Senior Fellow for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Council on Foreign Relations; former U.S. ambassador-at-large to the former Soviet Union (1997-2001).
In 1996, before any of the expansion had occurred, George Kennan, architect of the U.S. containment policy toward the Soviet Union after WWII, warned that NATO's expansion into former Soviet territories would be a "strategic blunder of potentially epicテδづつ...
But the author gives the final word to the US diplomat George Kennan, a perpetual source of wisdom on all things Russian. "Of one thing we may be sure: no great and enduring change in the spirit and practice of Russia will ever come about primarily ...
All this was predicted in the 1990s by foreign-policy giants like George Kennan and Paul Nitze. Currently, there is a major split among the twenty-eight NATO member states: those in the south worry about migration and ISIS, but are relaxed with respect ...
NATO forces are now on Russia's borders, contrary to the advice of distinguished US strategic realists such as George Kennan, who devised the post-war policy to contain the Soviet Union. St Petersburg, which suffered terribly when besieged by the Nazis ...
As George Kennan wisely observed in 1947, "It is an undeniable privilege of every man to prove himself right in the thesis that the world is his enemy; for if he reiterates it frequently enough and makes it the background of his conduct he is bound ...
Explained in his famous 1946 Long Telegram, diplomat George Kennan explained this policy: America's only choice was "long-term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies.
But the author gives the final word to the US diplomat George Kennan, a perpetual source of wisdom on all things Russian. "Of one thing we may be sure: no great and enduring change in the spirit and practice of Russia will ever come about primarily ...
1904 Birth of George Kennan, U.S. diplomat and historian. 1923 Bessie Smith makes her first recording "Down Hearted Blues.
George Kennan WAS BORN ON THIS DAY IN 1904. The U.S. diplomat coined the phrase "containment policy." He served as a diplomat during WWII and was briefly arrested by the Nazis.
Mostly useless information: We don't hear much about George F. Kennan anymore. But his influence has not diminished: the West owes "containment" to Kennan, who penned a seminal, essay-length telegram to the Truman administration, when he was aテδづつ...
The diplomat George F. Kennan, who devised America's Cold War "containment" strategy, rued the "legalist-moralist" tradition in American foreign policy that led to adventurism in the pursuit of great causes.
"It is an undeniable privilege of every man," wrote the acclaimed American diplomat and scholar George Kennan, "to prove himself right in the thesis that the world is his enemy; for if he reiterates it frequently enough and makes it the background of ...


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