Schema-Root.org logo

 

  cross-referenced news and research resources about

 George Frost Kennan

George Frost Kennan (February 16, 1904 - March 17, 2005) was an American advisor, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War. He later wrote standard histories of the relations between Russia and the Western powers.

In the late 1940s, his writings inspired the Truman Doctrine and the U.S. foreign policy of "containing" the Soviet Union, thrusting him into a lifelong role as a leading authority on the Cold War. His "Long Telegram" from Moscow in 1946, and the subsequent 1947 article "The Sources of Soviet Conduct" argued that the Soviet regime was inherently expansionist and that its influence had to be "contained" in areas of vital strategic importance to the United States. These texts quickly emerged as foundational texts of the Cold War, expressing the Truman administration\'s new anti-Soviet Union policy. Kennan also played a leading role in the development of definitive Cold War programs and institutions, most notably the Marshall Plan.

Shortly after Kennan\'s doctrines had been enshrined as official U.S. policy, he began to criticize the policies that he had seemingly helped launch. By mid-1948, he was convinced that the situation in Western Europe had improved to the point where negotiations could be initiated with Moscow. The suggestion did not resonate within the Truman administration, and Kennan\'s influence was increasingly marginalized用articularly after Dean Acheson was appointed Secretary of State in 1949. As U.S. Cold War strategy assumed a more aggressive and militaristic tone, Kennan bemoaned what he called a misinterpretation of his thinking.

In 1950, Kennan left the Department of State, except for two brief ambassadorial stints in Moscow and Yugoslavia, and became a leading realist critic of U.S. foreign policy. He continued to be a leading thinker in international affairs as a faculty member of the Institute for Advanced Study from 1956 until his death at age 101 in March 2005.

George F. Kennan
George F. Kennan
images:  google   yahoo YouTube
spacer

updated Tue. October 25, 2016 reload page to refresh

-
"Putin and a New American President," Stephen Sestanovich, former ambassador at large to the Soviet Union and George F. Kennan Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, March 21;. * "human trafficking: Globally and in Everyone's Backyard,"テδづつ...
All die ersten Jahre, seit der Auszeichnung an George F. Kennan 1982, schaute ich die Verleihung des Friedenspreises von unten nach oben: Meine Eltern hatten eigenwilligerweise nur zwei Fernsehsessel, Kinder mussten sich unterhalb arrangieren und soテδづつ...

George Kennan, the American diplomat famed for his Long Telegram that was sent from Moscow in 1946, argued that the Soviet regime was inherently expansionist and that its influence had to be "contained".
We are not even asking for intellectuals like George F. Kennan. We just need well-thought and well-written papers just like the stuff we see on the magazine Foreign Policy.
AMHERST, Mass. - Audrey Altstadt, professor and former chair of the history department at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, has been appointed chair of the Kennan Institute Advisory Council.
Germans will be taught to abhor both Anglo-Saxon powers. Where suspicions exist, they will be fanned; where not, ignited." So wrote George Kennan, the "wise man" of American diplomacy, in a famous telegram from Moscow in 1946. Seventy years later theテδづつ...

... isolation and international condemnation they might put together if they take office to deal with Mr. Putin and the fragile economic state he runs, an update of the "containment" strategy that George F. Kennan formulated for President Harry S ...
... may work against China. Neutralised or dominated Pacific rim countries could start to resent their Chinese masters. Or China could soon face a major economic downturn.
In the early 1950s, US Ambassador George Kennan was so concerned by the animosity between Moscow and Washington that he worried about the prospect of 'interment, torture, and the compromise of state secrets', according to the excellent biography byテδづつ...
As George F. Kennan, the U.S. diplomat who mapped out America's Cold War containment policy toward the Soviet Union, recognized in his famous Long Telegram, if Americans demonstrate vision and resolve to address the United States' most pressingテδづつ...
Yang said remarks by American diplomat George F. Kennan, who said the Soviet system "moves inexorably along the prescribed path, like a persistent toy automobile wound up and headed in a given direction, stopping only when it meets with someテδづつ...
In the early 1950s, US Ambassador George Kennan was so concerned by the animosity between Moscow and Washington that he worried about the prospect of 'interment, torture, and the compromise of state secrets', according to the excellent biography byテδづつ...
As George F. Kennan, the U.S. diplomat who mapped out America's Cold War containment policy toward the Soviet Union, recognized in his famous Long Telegram, if Americans demonstrate vision and resolve to address the United States' most pressingテδづつ...
Yang said remarks by American diplomat George F. Kennan, who said the Soviet system "moves inexorably along the prescribed path, like a persistent toy automobile wound up and headed in a given direction, stopping only when it meets with someテδづつ...

... may work against China. Neutralised or dominated Pacific rim countries could start to resent their Chinese masters. Or China could soon face a major economic downturn.
Beijing and Manila may be moving towards an accommodation that could tear a gigantic hole in the US 'pivot' to East Asia. Manila's newly elected President Rodrigo Duterte has vowed to turn away from the United States and towards China if he can regainテδづつ...
To understand the purpose behind such violent and destructive actions, we need look no farther than the US's own post-WWII policy statements, as well articulated by George Kennan serving as the State Department's Director of Policy Planning in 1948:.
The established grooves within which the debates among the Sovietologists had fallen were somewhat disturbed by the reforms initiated by Gorbachev.
As noted by George Kennan this was going to elicited unwanted behavior from Russia and it did. So now NATO must expand to hedge against a hostile Russia which is hostile because NATO expanded, at Russian expense, in the first place.
It appeared in 1990 around the same time that Moynihan engaged in a discussion in a Senate commitee hearing with the diplomat and historian George Kennan on this very subject. Kennan, who had earlier invented a role for himself as the opponent ofテδづつ...
Reading about Eurasianism brings to mind an important passage from American career diplomat George F. Kennan's so-called "Long Telegram.
Writing in Foreign Policy this summer, Mr. Qvortrup noted that former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and US diplomat George Kennan argued that foreign affairs should be the realm of the " 'prophetic minority' who understood what was in the bestテδづつ...
... school of government Award, The Hans J. Morgenthau Award, The George F. Kennan Award, the Department of the Treasury's Alexander Hamilton Award, the Department of State's Distinguished Service Award, and numerous honorary academic degrees.
It is akin to George Kennan arguing, "We should gather together at once into our hands all the cards we hold and begin to play them to their full value.
... it turned out really well, and it may be time soon to try it again, to see if - for example - any of our three current Supreme Court justices or perhaps Fargo's Ethan Coen '79 may mount an attack on Jeff Bezos '86, Laurance Rockefeller '32, or ...
Siberian prisons were visited by famous writers (Anton Chekhov), foreign journalists (George Kennan) and inquisitive travellers.
Neutralized or dominated Pacific rim countries will resent their Chinese masters. Chinese banks' massive overinvestments and non-performing loans could soon produce a major economic downturn.
American diplomat and historian George F Kennan defined it as 'a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate peacefully; containment of Communist expansion was a ...
Neutralized or dominated Pacific rim countries will resent their Chinese masters. Chinese banks' massive overinvestments and non-performing loans could soon produce a major economic downturn.
And threats are now mounting, particularly at the Russian border, confirming the prediction of George Kennan and other prominent figures that NATO expansion, particularly the way it was undertaken, would prove to be a "tragic mistake," a "policy error ...
I have suggested here for several years that these issues be addressed by an idea that started with the great post-war ambassador, the "wisest of the wise men" as he has been called, George Kennan, known as the father of containment. His end-of-lifeテδづつ...
And around the time that I was sent to the Embassy at Prague, in 1971, George Kennan published a book called "From Prague After Munich," which included not only dispatches but private memoranda he had written when he was stationed there in 1938-39.
I have suggested here for several years that these issues be addressed by an idea that started with the great post-war ambassador, the "wisest of the wise men" as he has been called, George Kennan, known as the father of containment. His end-of-lifeテδづつ...
Yang said remarks by American diplomat George F. Kennan, who said the Soviet system "moves inexorably along the prescribed path, like a persistent toy automobile wound up and headed in a given direction, stopping only when it meets with someテδづつ...
And threats are now mounting, particularly at the Russian border, confirming the prediction of George Kennan and other prominent figures that NATO expansion, particularly the way it was undertaken, would prove to be a "tragic mistake," a "policy error ...
The United States pursued an aggressive policy under George Kennan[1] in the form of project solarium to cripple its sole competitor.
Without it, we are more distrustful of governments, fellow citizens and, especially, outsiders, more inclined to retreat and seal the borders in the face of international challenges.
In his framing of the successful strategy that won the Cold War against the Soviet Union, American diplomat George Kennan wrote in 1951: "Any message we may try to bring to others will be effective only if it is in accord with what we are to ourselves ...
One is Ukraine, where, by gross miscalculation, Washington cultivated a coup that has precipitated precisely the monumental mess that George Kennan, Henry Kissinger, Stephen F. Cohen and numerous others warned such unlawful tampering would.
Part Clausewitz, part Lawrence of Arabia, and part George Kennan, Weston was one of the few civilians practicing counterinsurgency before it was inscribed in new military manuals.
"No one wrote about wildlife in George Kennan's time," author Thompson-Jones notes, referring to the legendary 20th-century diplomat.
In considering the continuing impact of Donald Trump, J. BROOKS SPECTOR falls back for solace on a classic of diplomatic analysis - George Kennan's path-breaking telegram that became the classic international relations study, The Sources of Sovietテδづつ...
Following the deletion of a Norwegian author's post which harkened back to the past written by George Kennan, and an equally dismal future that "Hunger Games" Trump offers; the most prominent editor of Norway's press decided to rail against bothテδづつ...
At approximately the same time, although unknown to the general public, George Kennan sent his famous 8,000-word "Long Telegram" to Washington, outlining the sources of the Soviet Union's aggressive behavior and political objectives.
The paper includes a quote from George Kennan, the head of the U.S. State Department Policy Planning Staff in 1948, stating "In broadest definition, political warfare is the employment of all the means at a nation's command, short of war, to achieve ...
Not only did this expansion alienate the Russians, as George Kennan, the father of containment, predicted; it also broke what many Russians believed was the promise that if they allowed Germany to unify, NATO would not expand into Eastern Europe.
His descriptions of Russian culture at that time have resonated through the centuries to such an extent that George F. Kennan wrote a book on the similarities between the USSR and de Custine's Russia. This remains true in 2016. It is substantially moreテδづつ...


spacer

 


 


 


 


 


schema-root.org

    usa
     government
      officials
        george f. kennan

US officials:
        a b krongard
        abram shulsky
        alan greenspan
        alan keyes
        alberto r. gonzales
        alexander haig
        allen dulles
        allison barber
        alphonso jackson
        ambassadors
        april glaspie
        arthur levitt
        asa hutchinson
        assistant secretaries
        ben bernanke
        bill bruner
        bill luti
        bing west
        brian dean curran
        bruce gebhardt
        bruce hardcastle
        c. stephen allred
        carlos m. gutierrez
        carol haave
        carol m. browner
        caspar weinberger
        charles f. conner
        chris cox
        christina rocca
        christopher ryan henry
        clair george
        clark clifford
        cofer black
        colin powell
        condoleezza rice
        dan fried
        daniel senor
        david camp
        david safavian
        david sanborn
        david schenker
        debra cagan
        department secretaries
        dina habib powell
        donald l. evans
        donald rumsfeld
        douglas barclay
        douglas j feith
        earl e. devaney
        edwin meese
        elaine l. chao
        elizabeth l. cheney
        elliot abrams
        fbi directors
        francis harvey
        frank c carlucci
        gale norton
        gary gensler
        george ball
        george f. kennan
        george p shultz
        george tenet
        greg theilmann
        harvey l. pitt
        henry kissinger
        henry paulson
        howard h. baker, jr
        jack kemp
        james a baker
        james b. comey
        james c. oberwetter
        james forrestal
        james p. rubin
        james roche
        james webb
        jeane j. kirkpatrick
        joe mcmillan
        john ashcroft
        john e. mclaughlin
        john foster dulles
        john mccone
        john negroponte
        john p. stenbit
        john p. walters
        john p o'neill
        john poindexter
        john r. bolton
        john stern wolf
        john william snow
        joseph a. christoff
        joseph s. nye, jr
        joshua bolten
        kathleen cooper
        ken adelman
        ken salazar
        l paul bremer
        laurence silberman
        lawrence summers
        lawrence wilkerson
        lincoln bloomfield
        louis freeh
        madeleine albright
        mark a. weinberger
        martin indyk
        max c. hugel
        melvin laird
        michael brown
        michael chertoff
        michael j. copps
        michael o. johanns
        nicholas johnson
        norman mineta
        oliver (buck) revell
        otto reich
        pat wald
        patricia harrison
        patrick h. wood iii
        paul craig roberts
        paul j redmond
        paul o'neill
        paul volcker
        paul wolfowitz
        pete aldridge
        peter orszag
        philip heymann
        philip zelikow
        r. alexander acosta
        r. james woolsey, jr
        r. nicholas burns
        ramsey clark
        randal quarles
        ray lahood
        richard allen
        richard armitage
        richard clarke
        richard kerr
        richard m. helms
        richard myers
        richard perle
        robert blackwill
        robert c. mcfarlane
        robert joseph
        robert m. gates
        robert m. kimmitt
        robert mcnamara
        robert mueller
        robert reich
        robert stephan
        robert w jordan
        robert zoellick
        rod paige
        roger morris
        roger noriega
        samuel bodman
        scott bloch
        spokespeople
        stanley sporkin
        stansfield turner
        stephen cambone
        steve hadley
        steven bryen
        steven g. bradbury
        steven griles
        steven mann
        stewart simonson
        stuart e eizenstat
        teresa mchenry
        thomas a. twetton
        thomas e. white
        thomas enders
        thomas fingar
        tom donilon
        tom ridge
        tommy thompson
        trent lott
        us attorneys
        vernon d. penner
        w mark felt
        warren christopher
        webster hubbell
        wendy sherman
        william barr
        william burns
        william clark
        william j. bennett
        william j. casey
        william kennard
        william s. cohen
        william webster
        zbigniew brzezinski