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 George Frost Kennan

George Frost Kennan (February 16, 1904 - March 17, 2005) was an American advisor, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War. He later wrote standard histories of the relations between Russia and the Western powers.

In the late 1940s, his writings inspired the Truman Doctrine and the U.S. foreign policy of "containing" the Soviet Union, thrusting him into a lifelong role as a leading authority on the Cold War. His "Long Telegram" from Moscow in 1946, and the subsequent 1947 article "The Sources of Soviet Conduct" argued that the Soviet regime was inherently expansionist and that its influence had to be "contained" in areas of vital strategic importance to the United States. These texts quickly emerged as foundational texts of the Cold War, expressing the Truman administration\'s new anti-Soviet Union policy. Kennan also played a leading role in the development of definitive Cold War programs and institutions, most notably the Marshall Plan.

Shortly after Kennan\'s doctrines had been enshrined as official U.S. policy, he began to criticize the policies that he had seemingly helped launch. By mid-1948, he was convinced that the situation in Western Europe had improved to the point where negotiations could be initiated with Moscow. The suggestion did not resonate within the Truman administration, and Kennan\'s influence was increasingly marginalized用articularly after Dean Acheson was appointed Secretary of State in 1949. As U.S. Cold War strategy assumed a more aggressive and militaristic tone, Kennan bemoaned what he called a misinterpretation of his thinking.

In 1950, Kennan left the Department of State, except for two brief ambassadorial stints in Moscow and Yugoslavia, and became a leading realist critic of U.S. foreign policy. He continued to be a leading thinker in international affairs as a faculty member of the Institute for Advanced Study from 1956 until his death at age 101 in March 2005.

George F. Kennan
George F. Kennan
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updated Thu. May 25, 2017

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The expansion of NATO to incorporate former Warsaw Pact states Poland, Czech Republic and Hungary in 1997 proved another area of discord in the Clinton years, one that American statesman George Kennan famously labeled a "tragic mistake" sure toテδづつ...
"It is not Russian military power that is threatening us, it is Russian political power," George Kennan once said in a speech to the Army War College in 1947.
One of the most extraordinary bugging discoveries at the embassy occurred in 1952, when an electronic sweeper heard the voice of the American ambassador, the legendary George Kennan, but nobody could find from where it was being transmitted. After aテδづつ...
He foresaw a Cold War 2.0, he says, based on insights in the famous 1946 "Long Telegram" from diplomat George Kennan: that U.S.-Russia tensions were not just about capitalism-versus-communism, but stemmed from a deep sense of insecurity Russiansテδづつ...
He asked his special adviser, Charles E. Bohlen '27, to work up a draft based on memoranda from Under Secretary Will Clayton and George F. Kennan, chief of policy planning. Acheson read it and added comments, but wrote later that he had "heard no moreテδづつ...
The 20th-century figures who are no longer alive would be British historian Tony Judt and American diplomat and historian George Kennan. I would also like to have Charlie Munger at one of the dinners, along with Jonathan Haidt, a social psychologist ...
In his 1962 study Russia and the West Under Lenin and Stalin, U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan made a similar distinction in discussing the contrasting leadership qualities of Lenin and Stalin.
She cites as her role model George Kennan, the US Cold War diplomat who advanced the idea of "containment" towards the Soviet Union.
The reasons for that unsettling conclusion reflect just how different the world is than it was when George Kennan first defined containment as a program intended to surround and isolate the Soviet Union and defend those countries threatened by Moscow'sテδづつ...
In 1997, George Kennan, the father of containment, denounced NATO expansion as "the most fateful error of American policy in the entire post-Cold War era.
In Russia, this is seen as a continuation of the policy of containment that characterized the Cold War. In fact, the "long cable" authored by George Kennan in 1946, spelling out the need to "contain Russia", admits that this policy should be pursued ...
In 1997, George Kennan, the father of containment, denounced NATO expansion as "the most fateful error of American policy in the entire post-Cold War era.
At the outset he quotes the high priest of American realism, George Kennan: ''our vision of contemporary events, unaided by history'' is but a ''feeble lantern''.
As George Kennan once observed, "you have no idea how much it contributes to the general politeness and pleasantness of diplomacy when you have a little quiet force in the background.
The overall collapse of the USSR, however, was the result of our long-term policy of containment rather than confrontation devised in 1946 by Russian specialist George F. Kennan. Kennan predicted that the Soviet communist system, if contained for longテδづつ...
AP Images; Photo Illustration by Tam Duong Jr./Globe Staff. The spotlight trained on the nation's relations with Russia had dimmed since the end of the Cold War.
Ordinarily, personal diplomacy is applauded but, collectively, our media commentariat and talk-show hosts are so negative on Trump, if famous Cold War strategist George Kennan rose from the dead and offered a good word for the new president for ...
Niebuhr provided this group's signature version of Anti-Communist ideology, an argument he developed in tandem with State Department guru George Kennan. Fascism, Niebuhr reasoned, could be smashed by direct force because it lacked an inspiring idealテδづつ...
But as George F. Kennan once noted, the average citizen who reads the New York Times knows as much, or even more, than many government officials.
Ordinarily, personal diplomacy is applauded but, collectively, our media commentariat and talk-show hosts are so negative on Trump, that if famous Cold War strategist George Kennan rose from the dead and offered a good word for the new president onテδづつ...
... who are dangerous so to speak, particularly Mad Dog Mattis, Tillerson maybe to a lesser extent, but they reflect in a sense the continuity of US foreign policy going back to the Truman Doctrine of the late 1940s formulated by George Kennan at the ...
In 1997, George Kennan, the father of containment, denounced NATO expansion as "the most fateful error of American policy in the entire post-Cold War era.
If only there were evil people somewhere insidiously committing evil deeds, and it were necessary only to separate them from the rest of us and destroy them.
In 1997, George Kennan, a key Washington political scientist during the Cold War, said: "Were the Soviet Union to sink tomorrow under the waters of the ocean, the American military-industrial establishment would have to go on, substantially unchanged ...
In 1997, George Kennan, a key Washington political scientist during the Cold War, said: "Were the Soviet Union to sink tomorrow under the waters of the ocean, the American military-industrial establishment would have to go on, substantially unchanged ...
A very large appendix reproduces in mimeograph the "Long Telegram" by George Kennan, whose grand strategic thinking Gorka wishes to emulate.
The American diplomat and academic George Kennan, who was perhaps the most influential commentator on the Cold War, visited South Africa in the early 1970s.
As Burnham's "The Struggle for the World" stressed, the Third World war had already begun with the 1944 Communist-led Greek sailors' revolt.
The American diplomat and academic George Kennan, who was perhaps the most influential commentator on the Cold War, visited South Africa in the early 1970s.
As US diplomat and historian George Kennan explained, "they are the unavoidable necessities of a national existence and therefore not subject to classification as either 'good' or 'bad'.
Alas, it seems as if we have reached the pinnacle of our dilemma, and we can identify it as a continuance of a problem outlined by George Kennan during the Cold War. Kennan posits the necessary response, "it will be clearly seen that the Soviet ...
Back in 2003 when President George W. Bush and Vice President Dick Cheney had determined to invade Iraq a small group of Vermonters including a retired college professor and a well known novelist with a little help from Ambassador George Kennan inテδづつ...
Probably the foremost American Russian expert, George F. Kennan, called that planned expansion a "tragic mistake" that would start a new Cold War.
To understand how the U.S. government might reshape its policy toward Russia today, it may be helpful to look back at the Cold War-era "containment" doctrine, first articulated by the young diplomat George Kennan in an 8,000-word telegram sent fromテδづつ...
Remember that, as George Kennan said, the worst of rulers knows things about his country that foreigners do not. Respect the beliefs of simple folk, however misguided: rapid dislocations produce horrors directed at the harbingers of modernity.
IN 1954, George F. Kennan was completing his two-volume history Russia Leaves the war at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.
Remember that, as George Kennan said, the worst of rulers knows things about his country that foreigners do not. Respect the beliefs of simple folk, however misguided: rapid dislocations produce horrors directed at the harbingers of modernity.
Gli scritti di George Kennan sull'arte del containment, dovrebbero essere collocati sulla scrivania del presidente. L'azione di Trump ha almeno tre difetti: manca del disegno strategico (nessuno alla Casa Bianca, ad iniziare dal presidente, mostra di ...
Qualcuno passi al presidente gli scritti di George Kennan sul containment, ammesso che ci sia qualcuno, nell'inner circle presidenziale, che li abbia letti. L'azione di Trump ha almeno tre difetti: manca di un disegno strategico (nessuno alla Casa ...
He didn't speak as if he had read non-interventionist thinkers like George Kennan or Andrew Bacevich - it's really quite unlikely he has ever heard of them.
"Matlock is certainly one of America's most distinguished diplomats, in the tradition that stretches from Benjamin Franklin to George Kennan," English said. "He not only represented his country with extraordinary skill, but played a vital personal role ...
The Truman Doctrine meant containment policy as framed by George Kennan. In short, the U.S. made a commitment to support fragile governments threatened by communist takeover.
In 1946, George F. Kennan, then a 44-year-old American diplomat based at the U.S. embassy in Moscow, wrote an 8,000-word "long telegram" delineating his views on the Soviet Union.
This policy was first described by foreign service officer George Kennan, who wrote in 1947 that the U.S.'s foreign policy regarding the Soviets "must be that of a long-term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies ...
This is why Obama told The New Yorker, "I don't really even need George Kennan right now." These structural changes seem to be here to stay.
Gaddis notes that for George F. Kennan, director of the State Department's policy planning staff, "what was required was not to remake the world in the image of the United States, but rather to preserve its diversity against attempts to remake it in ...
In 1947, President Harry Truman adopted diplomat George Kennan's belligerent policy of Soviet containment and dressed up paranoia with a mantle of holy mission.
Actually, the most interesting case is George Kennan, great, revered diplomat. He was the American consul in Berlin. And as late as 1941, he was still writing pretty favorable comments about Hitler, saying you shouldn't be too severe, there are some ...
When discussing strategic thinkers of the 20th century, we tend to think about figures such as Henry Kissinger, George Kennan, Hans Morgenthau, and Thomas Schelling amongst others. The legacies of all of these men are often contested and debated,テδづつ...


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