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 biological weapons

Biological warfare (BW)—also known as germ warfare—is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war. Biological weapons (often termed "bio-weapons", "biological threat agents", or "bio-agents") are living organisms or replicating entities (viruses, which are not universally considered "alive") that reproduce or replicate within their host victims. Entomological (insect) warfare is also considered a type of Biological weapon. This type of warfare is distinct from nuclear warfare and chemical warfare, which together with biological warfare make up NBC, the military acronym for nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare using weapons of mass destruction (WMDs). None of these is a conventional weapon, which are deployed primarily for their explosive, kinetic, or incendiary potential.


Biological weapons may be employed in various ways to gain a strategic or tactical advantage over the enemy, either by threats or by actual deployments. Like some of the chemical weapons, Biological weapons may also be useful as area denial weapons. These agents may be lethal or non-lethal, and may be targeted against a single individual, a group of people, or even an entire population. They may be developed, acquired, stockpiled or deployed by nation states or by non-national groups. In the latter case, or if a nation-state uses it clandestinely, it may also be considered bioterrorism.


Biological warfare and chemical warfare overlap to an extent, as the use of toxins produced by some living organisms is considered under the provisions of both the Biological weapons Convention and the Chemical Weapons Convention. Toxins and psychochemical weapons are often referred to as midspectrum agents. Unlike bioweapons, these midspectrum agents do not reproduce in their host and are typically characterized by shorter incubation periods.


The use of Biological weapons is prohibited under customary international humanitarian law, as well as a variety of international treaties. The use of biological agents in armed conflict is a war crime.

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anthrax spores

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updated Wed. January 17, 2024

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Wednesday, April 25, 2018 - 3:38pm Analyst Color, Biological Weapons, Biopharmaceutical, Biotech, Chemical Weapons, Davids Maris, EBS, weapons. Specialty biopharma Emergent Biosolutions Inc (NYSE: EBS) has seen its stock rise more than 40 percent over the past two years, and investors shouldn't expect to see ...
In addition to chemical weapons, North Korea also possesses the capability to cultivate biological weapons. According to the South Korean Ministry of Defense, North Korea is capable of cultivating biological agents such as anthrax, small pox, and other pathogens. Other sources have suggested that North ...

At his summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, U.S. President Donald Trump could be aiming to rid the isolated country of its massive chemical and biological weapons stockpile, according to U.S. Ambassador to Japan William Hagerty — a move that suggests a push to go beyond the long-standing ...
This is an urgent issue, because whenever a proof of concept, technological breakthrough, or scientific game changer is found to have unexpected military utility, it can significantly alter the balance of incentives and disincentives to comply with [Biological Weapons Convention] obligations. The question is ...
SEOUL - In his upcoming summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, US President Donald Trump is aiming to eliminate the country's arsenal of chemical and biological weapons as well as nuclear ones, the top American envoy to Japan said on Thursday (April 19). "We had broad-ranging discussions ...
As such, these charges of US biological weapons programs in the Caucasus and Central Asia appear to form part of Moscow's asymmetric response to growing scrutiny over Russia's use of or indirect enabling of chemical weapons attacks, as well as its general confrontation with the West. Since the late ...

WASHINGTON — U.S. and allied attacks on three suspected Syrian chemical and biological weapons facilities degraded President Bashar Assad's ability to produce deadly gas and nerve agents, Pentagon officials said Saturday, hours after warships and planes fired a barrage of about 120 missiles.
The threat of the emergence of weapons in outer space is becoming increasingly more evident. The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty has no chance of coming into force. The Biological Weapons Convention has been deadlocked," Yermakov said describing the situation in arms control.
WASHINGTON — President Donald Trump declared, “Mission Accomplished!” on Saturday after the U.S. and its allies hit at least three chemical and biological weapons facilities in Syria with more than 120 missiles in a coordinated pre-dawn attack. “A perfectly executed strike,” Trump said on Twitter, even ...
The first session was chaired by head of biological weapon prohibition group-NCPW Dr. Jameela Al Ajmi and Captain Abdul-Aziz Al Ahmad spoke about the goals and achievements of the NCPW. Associate Director of the Biocontainment Unit at University of Nebraska Dr. Ted Cieslak presented a lecture ...
Zilinskas literally wrote the book on the Soviet biological weapons program, with Milton Leitenberg—The Soviet Biological Weapons Program: A History (Harvard University Press, 2012)—and served as a UNSCOM weapons inspector in Iraq. Russian President Boris Yeltsin had earlier admitted that the ...
This week on Fed Access, Andrew Weber, former assistant secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical & Biological Defense Programs under President Barack Obama, shared his concerns about a growing number of attacks around the world involving chemical and biological weapons. Weber gave his ...
said Raymond Zilinskas, a chemical and biological weapons expert with the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, California. In a newly released book, "Biosecurity in Putin's Russia," Zilinskas and co-author Philippe Mauger analyze hundreds of contract documents and other ...
"The UK's chemical and biological weapons programme was closed down in the 1950s. Since then Porton Down has been active in developing effective countermeasures to the constantly evolving threat posed by chemical and biological weapons. To help develop effective medical countermeasures and ...
A potentially deadly new illness dubbed Disease X capable of killing millions around the world could be unleashed by terrorists, worried scientists believe. The terrifying disease has made a list of illnesses by The World Health Organisation which could turn into a worldwide pandemic - and the stark ...
On February 22, the United States determined under the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991 that the Government of #NorthKorea used the chemical warfare agent VX to assassinate Kim Jong Nam, in the Kuala Lumpur airport. pic.twitter.com/sxsjeUxTFJ.
August 2, 1991 - Iraq admits to biological weapons research for "defensive purposes" only. August 15, 1991 - The UN Security Council passes SCR 707, demanding that Iraq reveal all of its prohibited weapons and weapons programs. September 6, 1991 - Iraq blocks the use of helicopters by UNSCOM ...

Sometimes known as "germ warfare," biological weapons involve the use of toxins or infectious agents that are biological in origin. This can .... the high fatality rate of pneumonic plague, and the potential for rapid secondary spread, the potential use of plague as a biological weapon is of great concern.".
Yes, the United States Used Biological Weapons on North Korea. In its near decimation of North Korea, the United States tried to spread diseases like bubonic plague, dropped 32,500 tons of napalm, and killed nearly 3 million people. by David Swanson. February 21st, 2018. By David Swanson ...
Written largely by the most prestigious British scientist of his day, this report was effectively suppressed upon its release in 1952. Published now in text-searchable format, it includes hundreds of pages of evidence about the use of U.S. biological weapons during the Korean War, available for the first time to ...
Could a biological weapon be used to create so many casualties world-wide that society itself collapses? In theory it is possible to develop a fatal bioengineered weapon the incubation of which is slow enough that people traveling across the planet can spread the disease but fatal enough that it can kill ...
A recent report by the Bulgarian journalist Dilyana Gaitandzhieva revealed that the United States were producing viruses, bacteria, and deadly toxins, thus violating the UN Convention on the Prohibition of Biological Weapons. Dilyana Gaitandzhieva, known for investigations on the weaponry supplies to ...
In 1975, with the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), biological and toxin weapons became the first category of weapons to be entirely banned worldwide. The treaty's trailblazing accomplishment is a testament to both biological weapons' perceived lack of strategic necessity compared to nuclear ...
Today's battlefield can be a very unpredictable place, with threats coming from every direction, including from the air and from underground. Recent conflicts in war zones such as Syria has once again made the possibility of using chemical and biological weapons available, and DARPA wants to be ready ...
#The details of the experiments were published in research by Brian Balmer, a specialist in science policy at University College London, who uncovered extracts from declassified documents that show the British military's interest in biological weapons after the Second World War. The potential impact of ...


resources


  Anthrax: Signs, Symptoms, Vaccine and Treatment
  Sunshine Project"bring facts about biological weapons to light!"

 

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