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 biological weapons

Biological warfare (BW)—also known as germ warfare—is the use of biological toxins or infectious agents such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi with the intent to kill or incapacitate humans, animals or plants as an act of war. Biological weapons (often termed "bio-weapons", "biological threat agents", or "bio-agents") are living organisms or replicating entities (viruses, which are not universally considered "alive") that reproduce or replicate within their host victims. Entomological (insect) warfare is also considered a type of Biological weapon. This type of warfare is distinct from nuclear warfare and chemical warfare, which together with biological warfare make up NBC, the military acronym for nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare using weapons of mass destruction (WMDs). None of these is a conventional weapon, which are deployed primarily for their explosive, kinetic, or incendiary potential.


Biological weapons may be employed in various ways to gain a strategic or tactical advantage over the enemy, either by threats or by actual deployments. Like some of the chemical weapons, Biological weapons may also be useful as area denial weapons. These agents may be lethal or non-lethal, and may be targeted against a single individual, a group of people, or even an entire population. They may be developed, acquired, stockpiled or deployed by nation states or by non-national groups. In the latter case, or if a nation-state uses it clandestinely, it may also be considered bioterrorism.


Biological warfare and chemical warfare overlap to an extent, as the use of toxins produced by some living organisms is considered under the provisions of both the Biological weapons Convention and the Chemical Weapons Convention. Toxins and psychochemical weapons are often referred to as midspectrum agents. Unlike bioweapons, these midspectrum agents do not reproduce in their host and are typically characterized by shorter incubation periods.


The use of Biological weapons is prohibited under customary international humanitarian law, as well as a variety of international treaties. The use of biological agents in armed conflict is a war crime.

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updated Sun. April 29, 2018

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said Raymond Zilinskas, a chemical and biological weapons expert with the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, California. In a newly released book, "Biosecurity in Putin's Russia," Zilinskas and co-author Philippe Mauger analyze hundreds of contract documents and other ...
"The UK's chemical and biological weapons programme was closed down in the 1950s. Since then Porton Down has been active in developing effective countermeasures to the constantly evolving threat posed by chemical and biological weapons. To help develop effective medical countermeasures and ...

A potentially deadly new illness dubbed Disease X capable of killing millions around the world could be unleashed by terrorists, worried scientists believe. The terrifying disease has made a list of illnesses by The World Health Organisation which could turn into a worldwide pandemic - and the stark ...
On February 22, the United States determined under the Chemical and Biological Weapons Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991 that the Government of #NorthKorea used the chemical warfare agent VX to assassinate Kim Jong Nam, in the Kuala Lumpur airport. pic.twitter.com/sxsjeUxTFJ.
August 2, 1991 - Iraq admits to biological weapons research for "defensive purposes" only. August 15, 1991 - The UN Security Council passes SCR 707, demanding that Iraq reveal all of its prohibited weapons and weapons programs. September 6, 1991 - Iraq blocks the use of helicopters by UNSCOM ...
Sometimes known as "germ warfare," biological weapons involve the use of toxins or infectious agents that are biological in origin. This can .... the high fatality rate of pneumonic plague, and the potential for rapid secondary spread, the potential use of plague as a biological weapon is of great concern.".

Yes, the United States Used Biological Weapons on North Korea. In its near decimation of North Korea, the United States tried to spread diseases like bubonic plague, dropped 32,500 tons of napalm, and killed nearly 3 million people. by David Swanson. February 21st, 2018. By David Swanson ...
Written largely by the most prestigious British scientist of his day, this report was effectively suppressed upon its release in 1952. Published now in text-searchable format, it includes hundreds of pages of evidence about the use of U.S. biological weapons during the Korean War, available for the first time to ...
Could a biological weapon be used to create so many casualties world-wide that society itself collapses? In theory it is possible to develop a fatal bioengineered weapon the incubation of which is slow enough that people traveling across the planet can spread the disease but fatal enough that it can kill ...
In 1975, with the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), biological and toxin weapons became the first category of weapons to be entirely banned worldwide. The treaty's trailblazing accomplishment is a testament to both Biological Weapons' perceived lack of strategic necessity compared to nuclear ...
Today's battlefield can be a very unpredictable place, with threats coming from every direction, including from the air and from underground. Recent conflicts in war zones such as Syria has once again made the possibility of using chemical and biological weapons available, and DARPA wants to be ready ...
Although it acceded to the biological weapons Convention in March 1987, Pyongyang has continued to recruit scientists, import technologies -- usually under the guise of conventional research in civilian fields like agriculture and medicine -- and source precursors. It has had little active involvement in the ...
The research project was funded by a grant from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, who's looking for ways to combat bacteria as a biological weapon. "The funding ... It can be used to counter biological weapons, lessen the spread of bacterial diseases and provide breakthroughs in food preservation.
Scenarios where decontamination comes into play that Denny listed included chemical spills, infectious diseases or threats of biological weapons (i.e. anthrax). The training would not only address decontaminating the site of the incident, but how to treat victims, the chemical specifics -- like identifying ...
The biological weapons Convention (BWC), the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the development, production and stockpiling of an entire category of Weapons of Mass Destruction, was opened for signature on 10 April 1972. The BWC entered into force on 26 March 1975. As mentioned in the ...
Twice this weapon has been deployed to good use apparently to deal with noisy citizens trying to voice certain concerns. . To its potency, the weapon was unleashed just a spitting distance from the Highest court in the land, the Supreme Court perhaps to give eminent judges and lawyers to determine how ...

"A larger part of IARPA's portfolio in the last year has been devoted to improving our biosecurity, our ability to detect and prevent biological weapons or ... On the downside, that means the ability for an individual to develop a biological weapon either potentially or accidentally that could kill millions of people ...
Its procurements also probably support North Korea's chemical weapons program." North Korea provoked international condemnation with the assassination of Kim Jong Nam, the half-brother of dictator Kim Jong Un, through the use of a chemical nerve agent. The threat of chemical and biological weapons ...
Biosecurity experts have said biological weapons pose a serious threat to national, regional and global stability as they are Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). University researchers can, therefore, play an active role by contributing to development of effective measures and practices to secure biological ...
"On 19 January 2018 India formally became the 43rd member of the Australia Group (AG), the cooperative and voluntary group of countries working to counter the spread of materials, equipment and technologies that could contribute to the development or acquisition of chemical and biological weapons ...
India on Friday became a member of Australia Group, aimed at checking proliferation of chemical and biological weapons. With this, India has gained entry in three of the four multilateral export control regimes even as its quest for a seat in the most significant of them all Nuclear Suppliers Group continued ...
Highlighting the ever rising threat perception and security concerns in the wake of continued hostility by neighbouring nations, army Chief General Bipin Rawat on Friday said that threat of use of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons has increased. Speaking during a press conference in New Delhi, ...
To begin, we can address the elephant in the room -- North Korea has an active chemical and biological weapons program, and has for years. ... destruction of the regime, there is literally no incentive for them to do so with a less-effective biological weapon compared to a more-effective thermonuclear one.
North Korea's nuclear weapons program continuously makes headlines, which is overshadowing the danger posed by its chemical and biological weapons, members of Congress and experts warn. "I think a topic people don't talk about enough is North Korea's chemical weapons," Democratic ...
She said: "I'm thrilled to receive the award and see it very much as recognition not only for me, but for all the work by the Dstl team to combat the use and development of chemical and biological weapons. "It is an honour in every sense and I'm delighted to receive the award. My family often wonder what I ...
She said: "I'm thrilled to receive the award and see it very much as recognition not only for me, but for all the work by the Dstl team to combat the use and development of chemical and biological weapons. "It is an honour in every sense and I'm delighted to receive the award. My family often wonder what I ...
It has added to the media panic over Pyongyang potentially developing biological weapons. Author and human rights attorney Eric Sirotkin suggests the fear-mongering over the issue of North Korean biological weapons just makes war more likely. RT: So far all the focus has been on North Korea's nuclear ...
"In fact a lot of analysts looked at this and said, 'Hey, in fact, we have evidence, credible evidence, the North Koreans are pursuing some kind of biological weapons capability'." Mr Chen added that Anthrax has been found in the blood of North Korean defectors. Anthrax has been used a biological weapon ...
Because anthrax can be easily manufactured and remains stable for years, it also was ideal as a biological weapon--a fact that U.S. scientists were aware of due to the experience of their own biological-weapons program, which had been active since 1943. It ultimately mass-produced six major strains of ...
A North Korean soldier who defected to the South earlier this year was reportedly found with antibodies in his bloodstream that suggest past exposure to anthrax. Signs of the deadly bacterial infection have added to fears in South Korea that the North is developing biological weapons, according to local ...
The reported discovery of anthrax antibodies in a North Korean defector is renewing fears that the regime of Kim Jong Un is developing lethal biological weapons in violation of international law. A South Korean intelligence officer told the nation's Channel A television that one of at least four soldiers who ...
Anthrax antibodies were found in the blood of a North Korean soldier who defected to the South, intelligence sources told Seoul's media, increasing concerns about the country's biological weapons production. The unidentified intelligence official who spoke to South Korea's Channel A network did not ...
He did and was chosen to be part of the iGEM Foundation's delegation to the Meeting of States Parties to the biological weapons Convention (BWC) in Geneva from Dec. 4 to 8. Isaac was one of five students in the delegation. They attended the plenary sessions and presented to delegates from around the ...
North Korea is conducting biological weapons experiments to test the possibility of loading anthrax-laden warheads on its intercontinental ballistic missiles, it has been reported. Japan's Asahi newspaper reported citing an unidentified person connected to South Korean intelligence, that North Korea was ...
North Korea said it will "take revenge" on the US for saying Pyongyang is developing biological weapons. North Korea said via its state media Korean Central news agency that: "as a state party to the biological weapons Convention (BWC), [it] maintains its consistent stand to oppose development, ...
The cost of maintaining an active biological weapons program is high, according to Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley, associate professor in the Schar school of Policy and government at George Mason University. She said the Soviet Union spent "several billion dollars" on its program, while terrorist group ...
Five months before North Korea's first nuclear test in 2006, U.S. intelligence officials sent a report to Congress warning that secret work also was under way on a biological weapon. The communist regime, which had long ago acquired the pathogens that cause smallpox and anthrax, had assembled teams ...
That North Korea possesses the basic components for biological weapons is all but settled doctrine within U.S. and Asian military and intelligence establishments, and has been for years. Although overshadowed by Pyongyang's nuclear and chemical weapons, the threat of biological attack from the North ...
Exhibit A in the case of North Korea's biological weapons capabilities is a series of pictures of Kim touring Pyongyang's Biological technology Research Institute in June 2015. The release of the pictures occurred shortly after it emerged that a military lab in Utah mistakenly sent live anthrax shipments to ...
It is thought to be producing several different diseases and manmade biological weapons that the US deems dangerous such as plague, anthrax, viral haemorrhagic fevers and smallpox. South Korean intelligence believes there are at least three possible biological weapons production facilities and seven ...
Today's battlefield can be a very unpredictable place, with threats coming from every direction, including from the air and from underground. Recent conflicts in war zones such as Syria has once again made the possibility of using chemical and biological weapons available, and DARPA wants to be ready ...
Yes, the United States Used biological weapons on North Korea. In its near decimation of North Korea, the United States tried to spread diseases like bubonic plague, dropped 32,500 tons of napalm, and killed nearly 3 million people. by David Swanson. February 21st, 2018. By David Swanson ...
Written largely by the most prestigious British scientist of his day, this report was effectively suppressed upon its release in 1952. Published now in text-searchable format, it includes hundreds of pages of evidence about the use of U.S. biological weapons during the Korean war, available for the first time to ...
Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats warned the rogue regime is expected to expand its biological weapons arsenal to increase the number of possible weapons to attack the US with. He said: "North Korea will be the most volatile and confrontational Weapon of Mass Destruction threat in the coming ...
Could a biological weapon be used to create so many casualties world-wide that society itself collapses? In theory it is possible to develop a fatal bioengineered weapon the incubation of which is slow enough that people traveling across the planet can spread the disease but fatal enough that it can kill ...
The biological weapons Convention (BWC), the first multilateral disarmament treaty banning the development, production and stockpiling of an entire category of Weapons of Mass Destruction, was opened for signature on 10 April 1972. The BWC entered into force on 26 March 1975. As mentioned in the ...
At a forum held to discuss the role of universities in strengthening bio-security measures, policymakers and scholars said robust financing for research, capacity building and public awareness is key to strengthening Kenya's capacity to respond to attacks by rogue entities using biological weapons.
Prior to the BWC entering the force on March 26, 1972, there were several state-sponsored biological weapons programs. That's right, countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Russia, all had offensive programs to build biological weapons. The BWC sought to stop the proliferation ...
Update: 3:18PM A THREE member Fijian delegation was part of a United Nations meeting on biological weapons which ends in Geneva, Switzerland today. The delegation consisted of Defence Permanent Secretary Osea Cawaru, defence adviser Joji W Dumukuro and Ajendra A. Pratap, the first secretary ...


resources


  Anthrax: Signs, Symptoms, Vaccine and Treatment
  Sunshine Project"bring facts about biological weapons to light!"

 

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