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 military occupation

military occupation is effective provisional control of a certain ruling power over a territory which is not under the formal sovereignty of that entity, without the volition of the actual sovereign. military occupation is distinguished from annexation by its intended temporary nature (i.e. no claim for permanent sovereignty), by its military nature, and by citizenship rights of the controlling power not being conferred upon the subjugated population.


Military government may be broadly characterized as the administration or supervision of occupied territory, or as the governmental form of such an administration. Military government is distinguished from martial law, which is the temporary rule by domestic armed forces over disturbed areas.


The rules of military government are delineated in various international agreements, primarily the Hague Convention of 1907, the Geneva Conventions of 1949, as well as established state practice. The relevant international conventions, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Commentaries, and other treaties by military scholars provide guidelines on such topics as rights and duties of the occupying power, protection of civilians, treatment of prisoners of war, coordination of relief efforts, issuance of travel documents, property rights of the populace, handling of cultural and art objects, management of refugees, and other concerns which are very important both before and after the cessation of hostilities. A country that establishes a military government and violates internationally agreed upon norms runs the risk of censure, criticism, or condemnation. In the current era, the practices of military government have largely become a part of customary international law, and form a part of the laws of war.


Article 42 of the 1907 Hague Convention on Land Warfare specify that "[t]erritory is considered occupied when it is actually placed under the authority of the hostile army." The form of administration by which an occupying power exercises government authority over occupied territory is called "military government." Neither the Hague Conventions nor the Geneva Conventions specifically define or distinguish an act of "invasion." The terminology of "occupation" is used exclusively.

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updated Mon. April 24, 2017

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Never deemed a military occupation, let alone having the vestiges of a military base, Australian officials have opened their doors to the Lean Green Killing Machine on a rotational basis, a policy that began in 2011.
In that view, Dr. Ashrawi stressed the imperative of multilateral engagement and a dynamic European political role in holding Israel accountable for its violations, actively working to end the military occupation and achieving a just peace. Both ...
The war was over, but as part of the peace agreement, Japan agreed to U.S. military occupation. American forces - led by Gen.
He said the ancient homeland had come to embody colonialism, military occupation and institutionalized racism and that American Jews were not being told the whole story of what was happening to the Palestinian people.
These macabre scenes of Israelis revelling in the grotesque, celebrating the destruction of their neighbours, came to be known as "Sderot cinema", and became a metaphor for how military occupation of Palestine has morally corrupted the Israelis. Over ...
The exhibition marks the 50th anniversary of the Six-Day war and the start of the military occupation of the West Bank.
"The above points (in Mubarak's decree of 1990) are located within the maritime boundaries of Sudan's Halayeb triangle which falls under Egyptian military occupation since1995 to date, and thus are part of the Sudanese maritime border on the Red Sea" ...
They are rightly confronting a version of history that has been accepted in Israel and the West as the uncontested truth behind Israel's birth in 1948, the military occupation of what remained of Palestine in 1967, and every other historical juncture ...
In , it took more than 40 years after the conclusion of the Korean war, an ongoing American military occupation, and the development of a broad-based pro-democracy movement, for an imperfect democratic political system to evolve.
After 50 years of Israel's military occupation of Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and decades of its regime of apartheid and settler-colonialism, it is heartening to see people of conscience adopting the logic of nonviolent pressure ...
In South Korea, it took more than 40 years after the conclusion of the Korean war, an ongoing American military occupation, and the development of a broad-based pro-democracy movement, for an imperfect democratic political system to evolve.
While the Israeli football Association insists that their Palestinian counterpart is unfairly making politics out of soccer, Jawahar and Adam will never play the sport they love ever again due to Israel's military occupation, in other words: politics ...
Such deadly incidents have occurred at checkpoints and settlements throughout the West Bank, where for decades Israel has imposed a belligerent military occupation to expand its settler-colonial enterprise and brutally stamp out Palestinian resistance ...
Precisely how much of this is related to the DND headquarters project is unclear. However, it does suggest that if military planners finally get their headquarters plans on track, the west end really will feel the jolt of the military's occupation ...
These macabre scenes of Israelis revelling in the grotesque, celebrating the destruction of their neighbours, came to be known as "Sderot cinema", and became a metaphor for how military occupation of Palestine has morally corrupted the Israelis. Over ...
Other commentators have criticized the deference that liberals have given to the Israeli military occupation courts with regard to Palestinians.
The most recent presidential residence was designed by Haitian architect Georges Baussan but finished in 1920 by U.S. naval engineers during a 19-year U.S.
The Israelis refuse to recognise the areas it conquered in 1967 as occupied territories and therefore refuse to honour international humanitarian law in regard to the rights of people under military occupation. Palestinian prisoners and their families ...
"This represents a continuation of Moscow's provocative policy against the State of Georgia, which aims to legitimise the violent change of borders of the sovereign state though ethnic cleansing and military occupation", the Georgian Foreign Ministry said.
Throughout their struggle for freedom, Palestinians used anniversaries as opportunities to proclaim moments of collective unity, and to reaffirm their commitment to what they had historically referred to as the 'constants' of the Palestinian struggle.
These macabre scenes of Israelis revelling in the grotesque, celebrating the destruction of their neighbours, came to be known as "Sderot cinema", and became a metaphor for how military occupation of Palestine has morally corrupted the Israelis. Over ...
... region of Georgia on 18-19 April 2017 represents a continuation of Moscow's provocative policy against the Georgian state, which aims at legitimizing the forceful change of borders of the sovereign state through ethnic cleansing and military ...
Western sanctions, the 2003 invasion and the ensuing military occupation are said to have killed hundreds of thousands, even millions, of Iraqis.
Self-immolation protests are almost always carried out in response to the Chinese military occupation of Tibet, which has been in force since 1950, as well as human rights abuses and restrictions on Tibet's religion and culture carried out under ...
Last week the UN Security Council finally voted to end its military occupation of Haiti. Instigated by the U.S., France and Canada, MINUSTAH has been responsible for countless abuses during the past 13 years.
"By shutting down the internet, the Indian state cannot suppress the truth that it's rule here is via military occupation sustained by the systematic use of violence against the Kashmiri people," Khurram Parvez, a human rights activist from the ...
There was never a formal declaration of war by congress on Afghanistan and even when combat operations were declared concluded in late 2014 we have still seen a continued military occupation and engagement. So who do we even hold accountable ...
Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades "expressed the hope that Cyprus will soon witness the termination of the current unacceptable situation (the forcible division of Cyprus by Turkey through military occupation) and the prevalence of the principles of ...
Hundreds of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails began a hunger strike on Monday, protesting dismal conditions as well as "Israel's inhumane system of colonial and military occupation." Some said as many as 1,500 political prisoners in six jails ...
Decades of experience have proved that Israel's inhumane system of colonial and military occupation aims to break the spirit of prisoners and the nation to which they belong, by inflicting suffering on their bodies, separating them from their families ...
With the Trump administration and the mainstream media gleefully beating the war drums for a military attack on North Korea, there's crucial historical context missing from the corporate media coverage of this issue.
... will soon witness the termination of the current unacceptable situation (the forcible division of Cyprus by Turkey through military occupation) and the prevalence of the principles of law and peace throughout the country for the benefit of all its ...
... will soon witness the termination of the current unacceptable situation (the forcible division of Cyprus by Turkey through military occupation) and the prevalence of the principles of law and peace throughout the country for the benefit of all its ...
Found out about how veterinarians are a part of the army.
And again Chinese troops made their major stand at Pyongyang. But this time they lost, and by 1910 Korea lost its independence entirely.
For instance, ISIS' policy of continually expanding landmass and military occupation as well as its inability to engage with other states thwarted any ambition of achieving statehood.
Many Palestinians are documenting their villages, which were lost due to the military occupation. One of my characters is writing a village book about the two, Tel al-Hilou, and my book is itself a history of this town and its inhabitants.
He explained the military occupation of Palestine and I told him, 'You know, I think I'm Arab.' He asked me my name and it turns out he knew my uncle.
June of this year also marks the 50th anniversary of the Israeli military occupation of the 22 percent of historic Palestine that was not seized by Zionist militias in 1947-48.
"I could not perform certain physical tasks required within my military occupation Specialty," Brock said. "I was medically discharged due to various reasons including TBI, PTSD, my left shoulder being messed up from surgery and things of that nature ...
Beyond its outright military occupation of sovereign Eritrean territories and rejection and obstruction of the EEBC ruling, Ethiopia has also retained a policy of unrelenting aggression toward Eritrea.
... many under a constant threat of forcible transfer due to what the UN defines a coercive environment created by the Israeli military occupation, with a discriminatory planning regime making it virtually impossible for Palestinians to receive ...
Colombo-base Sinhala politicians are bringing in colonisers from South into strategic Vaakarai region, which is located north of Batticaloa district in the Eastern Province.
America was instead vacuumed into a fifteen-year-and-counting military occupation as the country fractured into warlord-administered fiefdoms and jihadists proliferated.
"Israel's decision in 1981 to annex the Golan (unlike the West Bank, which remains formally under military occupation) caused a diplomatic crisis with America," The Economist noted. "The heights are still regarded internationally as illegally-occupied ...
Here we go again. Since the recent chemical weapon attack in Syria, some people are now calling for the removal of Bashar al-Assad from power.
For individuals, it could mean boycotting and divesting from companies complicit in Israel's settlement enterprise and military occupation. It's these concrete actions, not just words, that will make change. At the same time, the international ...


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