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 military occupation

military occupation is effective provisional control of a certain ruling power over a territory which is not under the formal sovereignty of that entity, without the volition of the actual sovereign. military occupation is distinguished from annexation by its intended temporary nature (i.e. no claim for permanent sovereignty), by its military nature, and by citizenship rights of the controlling power not being conferred upon the subjugated population.


Military government may be broadly characterized as the administration or supervision of occupied territory, or as the governmental form of such an administration. Military government is distinguished from martial law, which is the temporary rule by domestic armed forces over disturbed areas.


The rules of military government are delineated in various international agreements, primarily the Hague Convention of 1907, the Geneva Conventions of 1949, as well as established state practice. The relevant international conventions, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Commentaries, and other treaties by military scholars provide guidelines on such topics as rights and duties of the occupying power, protection of civilians, treatment of prisoners of war, coordination of relief efforts, issuance of travel documents, property rights of the populace, handling of cultural and art objects, management of refugees, and other concerns which are very important both before and after the cessation of hostilities. A country that establishes a military government and violates internationally agreed upon norms runs the risk of censure, criticism, or condemnation. In the current era, the practices of military government have largely become a part of customary international law, and form a part of the laws of war.


Article 42 of the 1907 Hague Convention on Land Warfare specify that "[t]erritory is considered occupied when it is actually placed under the authority of the hostile army." The form of administration by which an occupying power exercises government authority over occupied territory is called "military government." Neither the Hague Conventions nor the Geneva Conventions specifically define or distinguish an act of "invasion." The terminology of "occupation" is used exclusively.

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updated Fri. June 23, 2017

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When discussion in the Council Chamber turns to the hostility among local citizens that military occupation by foreign powers tends to engender, you may find yourself thinking of the war in Iraq.
The High Court in London ruled on Thursday that the Conservative government acted unlawfully in trying to prevent local councils in the United Kingdom from ...
Okinawan anti-U.S. base protest leader Hiroji Yamashiro, 64, talks to Stars and Stripes at his lawyer's office in Naha, Okinawa, May 24, 2017.
Playerunknown's Battlegrounds is currently the hot thing in PC gaming community and gamers are enjoying every bit of this game.
"What 95 percent of all suicide attacks have in common, since 1980, is not religion, but a specific strategic motivation to respond to a military intervention, often specifically a military occupation, of territory that the terrorists view as their ...
Dismissing Garcia-Huidobro as unable to understand the "experience of being helpless and at the mercy of Israeli arms," the group defended the movement, saying, "When a people bleeds for several decades under military occupation, condemned in all ...
The military occupation of the West Bank, East Jerusalem and Gaza Strip began 50 years ago in June, when Israel emerged victorious in the Six Day war in 1967.
The backdrop to these clashes is the deep-seated and growing anger of Tamil working people and youth in Sri Lanka's north and east against the TNA and the Colombo government over the ongoing military occupation, the suppression of basic democratic ...
International humanitarian law expressly contemplates - and regulates - military occupation. The Fourth Geneva Convention and The Hague Regulations contain explicit provisions setting out an Occupying Power's legal authority and obligations to the ...
More than 250 people showed up to Cambridge City Hall on June 12 for a rally against Israel's ongoing military occupation of Palestinian Territories -- the West Bank, East Jerusalem, the Golan Heights, and the Gaza Strip. Boston-based Palestine ...
A peace agreement is unlikely, because it would threaten to breach the constitutional order and state sovereignty of Azerbaijan. Additionally, the continued military occupation of Armenia to counterbalance Azerbaijan's military capacity promises a new ...
We, Christians throughout the United States, stand with the Palestinian Christian community and urge the World Council of Churches (WCC) to adopt their call to take brave action in the face of 50 years of Israel's military occupation, 70 years since ...
The United States is a predator nation, conceived and settled as a thief, exterminator and enslaver of other peoples. The slave-based republic's phenomenal geographic expansion and economic growth were predicated on the super-exploitation of stolen ...
Living under military occupation meant coping with the shooting of my best friend in high school, turning a fearful blind eye when seeing soldiers beating a Palestinian boy with a baton, rescuing my husband from the grip of soldiers on a cold winter ...
Using a whiskey bottle, a business card and some rudimentary carpentry, Lt. Col. Eugene J. McNamara found a way to be remembered. McNamara lived along Yokohama's harbor beginning in 1946 at the historic New Grand Hotel, which began extensive ...
2017 marks the 50th anniversary of the Israeli military occupation of the West Bank and Gaza. Until recently I, like many Americans, preferred to keep this issue at arm's length.
This month marks the fiftieth year of Israel's military occupation of the West Bank, East Jerusalem, Gaza and the Golan Heights, a unique attribute that featured distinctly in the statements given at Thursday's briefing.
The report covers Israeli practices and policies, in particular those that are in violation of international humanitarian law and international human rights law and that affect the social and economic conditions of the people living under its military ...
Boston-based Palestine Advocacy Project led a coalition of human rights groups in a rally against Israel's ongoing military occupation of Palestinian Territories the West Bank, East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip, and also the Syrian Golan Heights.
June 2017 marks 50 years of Israeli military occupation of Palestinians in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem. In 1967, in open defiance of international law prohibiting acquisition of territory by force, Israel began settling its own Jewish ...
"The Israeli military occupation has no end in sight," said Khaled Quzmar, General Director of Defense for children International - Palestine.
We must begin to protest and boycott Moroccan industries, create awareness of the conditions faced by the Sahrawi people and force the US government and other Moroccan allies to pressure the government to end its military occupation. The time has ...
Private Colton Hinkemeyer graduated from the U.S. Marine Corps, Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego, June 2, 2017, after completing 13 weeks of training.
"Panelists will examine how persistent grave human rights violations, systemic impunity, discrimination, and a hyper-militarized environment affect the lives of the Palestinian children growing up under a military occupation with no end in sight," the ...
Credit: Flickr/ CPT Palestine. There are two places to visit if you want to know the human impact of Israel's 50-year military occupation of the Occupied Palestinian Territory: an Israeli military court and the sitting room of a Palestinian family. I ...
Much of the territory occupied by Israel in this war, and more importantly the population that became subjected to Israeli military occupation remain under a status of military occupation to this day, 50 years later, and this is a topic that is covered ...
Ana Kritikos graduated midterm and landed just in time for the Hobart high school graduation ceremony June 1. Kritikos is a Private 1st Class military occupation Specialist. She is currently serving in Virginia in their specialist class involved with ...
In all the relevant international law stemming from the 1907 Hague Conventions and the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention, which govern belligerent military occupation, are based on the presumption that the condition is temporary. A recent paper issued by ...
There are two places to visit if you want to know the human impact of Israel's 50-year military occupation of the Occupied Palestinian Territory: an Israeli military court and the sitting room of a Palestinian family.
In the third and final installment of TRNN's special on the 50th anniversary of the June 1967 war, author and scholar Norman Finkelstein argues that the U.S.
... military control under the pretext of security. Their lives have been dictated by hundreds of military checkpoints, a colour-coded permit system, and a Separation Wall that has divided families.
The exhibition that opened at Telfair's Jepson Center on May 26 is special for many reasons.
This event is particularly poignant, as this month, June marks the 50th anniversary of the Israeli military occupation. Ambassador Riyad Mansour, Permanent Observer of the State of Palestine to the United Nations, said: "We are honoured to share Farah ...
In fact, the Israeli military occupation of the West Bank and Gaza is the longest in modern times. In this segment, we're going to explore what happened in 1967.
In the coming days, Palestinians will mark half a century of life under the world's longest-sustained military occupation in modern history.
Palestinians under Israeli military occupation are issued with one of two types of ID: a Jerusalem ID or a West Bank ID. With a WBID you cannot go into Jerusalem - or leave the occupied West Bank at all - without a special pass.
"Look, I love my country, it gave my Palestinian-immigrant parents who lived under military occupation the opportunity to give me and my siblings a better life, and I am forever grateful," she said.
... regard to the situation that the Palestinians live under: "While the Palestinian BDS movement endorses a free exchange of ideas, it is obvious that it has to be just that: free, which excludes situations of colonial oppression, apartheid and ...
"'Best practices' in this context have been developed under a belligerent military occupation replete with human rights violations, from extrajudicial killings to administrative detentions," he told The Indypendent.
The man who reinvented mercenary warfare described to Carlson a vision for a corporate military occupation apparatus that makes his infamous Blackwater look modest, despite its capturing of $1 billion in contracts during the Iraq war and occupation.
Both Ivan and the film fail to reveal these injustices, including, for example, the conditions suffered by the Tamil masses; the ongoing military occupation of the north; or the judicial frame-up of plantation workers and other sections of the working ...
Cholera, introduced into Haiti by United Nations forces in 2010, will remain even when Minustah, the military occupation of Haiti under U.N.
Beginning with the Six Day war, from 5-10 June, 1967, five decades of military occupation in disregard for international laws and UN resolutions and the willful expansion of settlements has led to dire conditions on the ground that systematically ...
military occupation is permitted in international law only if it is temporary and based on military necessity, but in the case of Israel's occupation there is no end in sight.
These basic social and economic contradictions - held in place decade after decade by U.S. imperialism, military occupation and puppet governments - have been the driving factors of the nearly half-century civil war. If they are not addressed by the ...
A simple counting of 50 years of military occupation might lead reasonable people to believe that it can no longer be considered temporary.
A simple counting of 50 years of military occupation might lead reasonable people to believe that it can no longer be considered temporary.
soldiers assigned to the 322nd engineer Company had the options of transferring to another unit in the area, changing their military occupation in order to transfer to a unit that may be closer, or transferring to the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR). U ...


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