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 David Ben-Gurion

David Ben-Gurion‎, born David Grün; 16 October 1886 – 1 December 1973) was an Israeli statesman. He is the main founder and the first Prime Minister of Israel.


Ben-Gurion's passion for Zionism, which began early in life, led him to become a major Zionist leader and Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization in 1946. As head of the Jewish Agency, and later president of the Jewish Agency Executive, he became the de facto leader of the Jewish community in Palestine, and largely led its struggle for an independent Jewish state in Palestine. On 14 May 1948, he formally proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel, and was the first to sign the Israeli Declaration of Independence, which he had helped to write. Ben-Gurion led Israel during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and united the various Jewish militias into the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Subsequently, he became known as "Israel's founding father".


Following the war, Ben-Gurion served as Israel's first Prime Minister. As Prime Minister, he helped build the state institutions, presiding over various national projects aimed at the development of the country. He also oversaw the absorption of vast numbers of Jews from all over the world. A centerpiece of his foreign policy was improving relationships with the West Germans. He worked very well with Konrad Adenauer's government in Bonn and West Germany provided large sums (in the Reparations Agreement between Israel and West Germany) in compensation for Germany's prosecution of the Holocaust against the Jews.


In 1954, he resigned and served as Minister of Defense, before returning to office in 1955. Under his leadership, Israel responded aggressively to Arab guerrilla attacks, and in 1956, invaded Egypt along with British and French forces after Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal.


He stepped down from office in 1963, and retired from political life in 1970. He then moved to Sde Boker, a kibbutz in the Negev desert, where he lived until his death. Posthumously, Ben-Gurion was named one of Time magazine's 100 Most Important People of the 20th century.

"If I were an Arab leader I would never make terms with Israel. That is natural: we have taken their country... We come from Israel, but two thousand years ago, and what is that to them? There has been anti-Semitism, the Nazis, Hitler, Auschwitz, but was that their fault? They only see the thing: we have come here and stolen their country. Why should they accept that?"
David Ben-Gurion
David Ben-Gurion
David Ben-Gurion
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updated Thu. April 5, 2018

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They even quote Israel's first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, and former Supreme Court President Aharon Barak to illustrate the importance of the army's compliance with the morality of warfare and the rules of international law — distinctions that were once understood but are now strongly disputed in ...
(March 14, 2018 / Embassy of Israel in Washington) The one generally known story about Albert Einstein and Israel is true. The 20th century's greatest scientific genius refused David Ben-Gurion's offer to become its second president. But this fact yields a false sense of Einstein's relationship with Zionism. Einstein was a ...

UNITED NATIONS — If one snapshot from his swing through Washington and New York this week captured the position in which Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel finds himself, it wasn't when he sat beside President Trump on Monday and saluted him as a modern-day Cyrus, Balfour and ...
Netanyahu, Israel's longest-serving prime minister since founding father David Ben-Gurion, has already expended 13 of his political nine lives, as the veteran American peace negotiator Aaron David Miller likes to say. But Netanyahu now faces three different investigations and a recommendation by the ...
Seventy years ago, in 1948, Israel was declared an independent state by David Ben-Gurion. Across the globe in that same year, the Sagamore Hotel in Miami Beach opened its doors. On first thought, the two events may not seem connected. But this week, the Sagamore celebrates the intersecting ...
In March of 1948, a month and a half prior to declaring Israel's independence, the nation's founding father, David Ben-Gurion, sat down to answer a letter. It was written by a coalition of women's rights organizations, and it urged the aged leader to do everything in his power to appoint a woman to his future ...

Uri Lubrani, who served Israel's national security for 60 years, died on Monday morning at age 92. Born in Haifa in 1926, Lubrani studied at the Reali high school and joined the Palmach pre-state fighting force. He joined Israel's Foreign Ministry in the 1950s, starting as chief of staff to Foreign Minister ...
Its diplomatic-judicial dimension stands out. David Ben-Gurion wanted the declaration to help in obtaining international recognition for the fledgling state. With that in mind, the bulk of the text was devoted to specifying the legal and historical rights of the Jews to their state, from the Bible down to the United ...
Alon Ben-Gurion MPS '82, grandson of founding father and first prime minister of Israel David Ben-Gurion, visited the School of Hotel Administration — his old stomping grounds — to explore his grandfather's legacy and offer leadership advice to hotelies in attendance. “If I knew that you wouldn't be ...
The 1920s saw the rising popularity of an exclusionary and self-conscious notion of political identity, which suited the national narrative of David Ben-Gurion, a Jewish socialist leader, but reflected the situation of the Palestinians less well. Ben-Gurion claimed that Palestinian nationalism was the plaything ...
Yet that's where the journalist and historian Tom Segev found the most significant evidence yet unearthed about the intimate relationships of David Ben-Gurion. Among the collections documenting the lives and works of 750 Hebrew-language writers is the personal archive of the first and most serious of the ...
The escalation that led to the Six-Day War was largely the fruit of Israel's aggression against Syria – as evidenced by statements made by Defense Minister Moshe Dayan and David Ben Gurion in the weeks before the war (documented in Tom Segev's book, 1967, and in Guy Laron's research). The official ...
Dahri highlighted the fact that following Israel's declaration of independence, then-prime minister David Ben Gurion sent a telegram to the founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, in a bid to establish diplomatic relations. “It was a great historical step taken by Israel but, unfortunately, this offer was denied ...
David Ben-Gurion, the leading Zionist when the State of Israel came into being, despised the religious. He believed that they would disappear by themselves in time. Therefore (and in order to gain the support and money of orthodox Jews abroad) he made all kinds of concessions to them, which allowed ...
Tzadok said racism was rampant against the Mizrahim among the European Jews who led the government at the time, including Israel's first prime minister, David Ben Gurion. Quotes show him calling the Mizrahim "primitive" and "without a trace of civilisation". "The racism came from the very top, making it ...
You can do it together in a darkened theater and celebrate Jewish culture in expansive detail at the 22nd annual Denver Jewish Film Festival, a mixed bag of films with Judaic themes, from biopics of Sammy Davis Jr., Hedy Lamar and David Ben Gurion to the unexpected Shalom Bollywood, which explores ...
David Ben Gurion memorably said: “When Israel has its own prostitutes and thieves, it will be state like any other.” But, actually, Jewish crooks have been around for ever and will continue to be in the future. Isaac Babel told stories of Jewish gangsters in his Tales of Odessa; the exploits of the Kosher Nostra ...

He met Israeli Prime Minister David Ben Gurion in May 1961 to discuss Israel's nuclear policy and American arms sales to Israel. According to Ben Gurion's testimony, President Kennedy expressed thanks for the Jews having given him the election. Kennedy told him “I was elected by the Jews of New York ...
A peek at the archives of Mapai, the Israeli Labor Party whose current leaders can't decide if their strategy is to outflank Netanyahu on the left or on the right, helps confirm my reservations about its founders and early political figures: They prepared the ground for Israel's current slide into fascism. An op-ed ...
Despite all this, he's still Israel's most important leader since David Ben-Gurion, whose greatness lies largely in that he shaped the way of thinking and the way things got done in a variety of matters for decades. From this standpoint, Netanyahu is following in the first prime minister's footsteps. Even if we ...
Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and his associates – Moshe Dayan (Israel Defense Forces chief of staff 1953-1958) and Shimon Peres, at the time a senior official in the Defense Ministry – urged a policy of segregation and a hard hand against what he argued was a communal threat to national security; ...
Despite all this, hes still Israels most important leader since David Ben-Gurion, whose greatness lies largely in that he shaped the way of thinking and the way things got done in a variety of matters for decades. From this standpoint, Netanyahu is following in the first prime ministers footsteps. Even if we dont ...
Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion and his associates – Moshe Dayan (Israel Defense Forces chief of staff 1953-1958) and Shimon Peres, at the time a senior official in the Defense Ministry – urged a policy of segregation and a hard hand against what he argued was a communal threat to national security; ...
He was instrumental in David Ben-Gurion's decision to continue exemptions from military service to the (compared to today) small number of yeshiva students – about 400 – based on the belief that their devotion to religious studies was essential because so many Jewish scholars had perished in the ...
... 66 years, between 1882 and the declaration of Israel's independence in 1948. On that Friday afternoon, when the British Mandate ended and David Ben Gurion announced in the old Tel Aviv Museum the founding of Israel, Zionism ended, having fulfilled its purpose of establishing a Jewish nation-state.
Agriculture would only resume at the urging of Israel's first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, who had a dream of making the desert bloom. And the jirds are back, too. The research is being conducted by grad student Tal Fried with Dr. Lior Weissbrod, Dr. Yotam Tepper and Bar-Oz from the University of ...
In 1951, he went to Israel to meet David Ben-Gurion. When they met, Ben-Gurion told him, “You are a good Jew.” In 2005, the French government honored Loinger's work in the Resistance by naming him Commander of the Military Legion of Honor. It also awarded him the Medal of Resistance, the Military ...
Streets, parks and cities identified with the likes of Israeli visionaries as Theodor Herzl, David Ben-Gurion and Yitzhak Rabin will now be peppered with the name of Donald Trump. Time will tell the extent of the deal Trump brokered with the Israeli government, with whom he walks hand-in-hand to his further ...
Shas was relying on an atheist to make its point: Israel's founder, David Ben-Gurion. The letter, dated January 1936, was sent to a group of young pioneers — members of a kibbutz. They worked on Shabbat, and Ben-Gurion was pleading with them to stop. “There is a need for a mandatory day of rest,” Ben ...
Shas was relying on an atheist to make its point: Israel's founder, David Ben-Gurion. The letter, dated January 1936, was sent to a group of young pioneers — members of a kibbutz. They worked on Shabbat, and Ben-Gurion was pleading with them to stop. “There is a need for a mandatory day of rest,” Ben ...
Donald Trump's declaration of Jerusalem as Israel's capital came on the exact same date on the Hebrew calendar that Israel's first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, 48 years earlier, just a year after Israel's founding, announced that it would be so. Rabbi Benjamin Blech, professor of Talmud at Yeshiva ...
In 1953, the Israeli Astronomical Association (IAA) became a recognized nonprofit organization under the auspices of then-Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, with the goal of promoting knowledge of astronomy and related sciences in the newly formed State of Israel. The first order of business was to set up ...
In 1919, David Ben-Gurion, who 29 years later would become the founding prime minister of Israel, dismissed the possibility of peace. Speaking at a public discussion, he said: “Everyone sees the difficulty of relations between Jews and Arabs but not everyone sees that there is no solution to that question.
David Ben-Gurion with the radio given him by Norman Cahners PHOTO COURTESY STEVE MAAS“Mark the name well – it's Norman L. Cahners – because you are going to hear a lot about him in community affairs in the years ahead,” The Jewish Advocate reported in a Feb. 28, 1957, story about Cahners ...
"On May 15, 1948, David Ben-Gurion's army of 30,000 were the defense against the invasion of the armies of five Arab countries when they launched the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. After a year of fighting, a ceasefire was declared." "The United Nations estimated more than 700,000 Palestinians were expelled ...
Most of the MKs, on their way to Jerusalem from the coastal area, stopped at Sha'ar HaGai (Bab el Waad) for what was to be the first annual Knesset tree-planting ceremony, led by Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion. In Judaism, the 15th of Shvat is one of the four new years in the Jewish calendar and the ...
Where would the Zionist movement be without Theodor Herzl and David Ben-Gurion? Where would the Hebrew language – a key force in cultivating Jewish national sentiment – be without the witty words of Sholem Aleichem or the army of neologisms forged by Eliezer Ben Yehuda? And where would the ...
In 1919, David Ben-Gurion, who 29 years later would become the founding prime minister of Israel, dismissed the possibility of peace. Speaking at a public discussion, he said: “Everyone sees the difficulty of relations between Jews and Arabs but not everyone sees that there is no solution to that question.
When David Ben-Gurion proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948, following the end of the British mandate in Palestine, it took the administration of then US president Truman 11 minutes to recognise the Jewish state. Ben-Gurion, the founding father of Israel, later became the first ...
"On May 15, 1948, David Ben-Gurion's army of 30,000 were the defense against the invasion of the armies of five Arab countries when they launched the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. After a year of fighting, a ceasefire was declared." "The United Nations estimated more than 700,000 Palestinians were expelled ...
And it was on this very same day, the 19th of Kislev, in 1949, that Prime Minister David Ben Gurion– just one year after the establishment of the State – wrote and subsequently announced that the government of Israel had unanimously agreed that Jerusalem would be the one and only capital of the state of ...
For Netanyahu, it was further proof that he is the undisputed master of Israel's foreign relations, the first prime minister in Israel's history who has received recognition for David Ben-Gurion's decision, 68 years ago next week, to make Jerusalem the capital of Israel. Anshel Pfeffer. Haaretz Correspondent.
It was part of a statement by Israel's first prime minister, David Ben Gurion, on December 5, 1949 only days after the UN voted for a resolution calling for the internationalization of Jerusalem. Ben Gurion's response was to move forward with a planned announcement about the moving of our Knesset ...
In 1947, David Ben-Gurion came to an agreement with Orthodox rabbis that stipulated that public transportation would be closed on Shabbat, and municipalities could legislate which businesses could open. In Jerusalem, nearly all businesses are closed on Shabbat, and there are frequent and loud ...
David Ben-Gurion was reportedly obsessed with developing the bomb as insurance against Israel's enemies. Although an ambitious goal for such a small, initially impoverished country, Israel did not have any security guarantees with larger, more powerful states—particularly the United States. The country ...
When Israel's founding father, David Ben Gurion, declared the establishment of the State of Israel on May 1, 1948, the next day a coalition of Arab states attacked the newborn ... DAVID BEN GURION READING THE DECLARATION OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF ISRAEL IN THE MUSEUM IN TEL AVIV.
Anita Shapira, former Professor in the Study of Zionism at Tel Aviv University and head of the Rabin Center, led a discussion on the life and legacy of Israel's first prime minister David Ben-Gurion Wednesday afternoon at the Watson Institute of International and Public Affairs. Shapira opened her lecture by ...
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addresses Kenya Friends of Israel at Villa Rosa Kempinski Nairobi on July 5, 2016. In Kenya, Israel has been involved in agricultural and security projects. PHOTO | JEFF ANGOTE | NATION MEDIA GROUP ...
In my youth I had a bitter argument with David Ben-Gurion's statist worldview. There were many others like me on the Israeli left who disagreed with him mightily and believed that his obsession with the state was exaggerated, especially when he proposed discarding the ideological youth movements and ...
Rivlin discussed the agreement decided on by David Ben Gurion, the first prime minister of Israel, and American Jewish leader Jacob Blaustein, which emphasized that American Jews were primarily U.S. citizens whose loyalty lay with that country, and that Israel represented only its own citizens.


 

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