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 David Ben-Gurion

David Ben-Gurion‎, born David Grün; 16 October 1886 – 1 December 1973) was an Israeli statesman. He is the main founder and the first Prime Minister of Israel.

Ben-Gurion's passion for Zionism, which began early in life, led him to become a major Zionist leader and Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization in 1946. As head of the Jewish Agency, and later president of the Jewish Agency Executive, he became the de facto leader of the Jewish community in Palestine, and largely led its struggle for an independent Jewish State in Palestine. On 14 May 1948, he formally proclaimed the establishment of the State of Israel, and was the first to sign the Israeli Declaration of Independence, which he had helped to write. Ben-Gurion led Israel during the 1948 Arab–Israeli war, and united the various Jewish militias into the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Subsequently, he became known as "Israel's founding father".

Following the war, Ben-Gurion served as Israel's first Prime Minister. As Prime Minister, he helped build the state institutions, presiding over various national projects aimed at the development of the country. He also oversaw the absorption of vast numbers of Jews from all over the world. A centerpiece of his foreign policy was improving relationships with the West Germans. He worked very well with Konrad Adenauer's government in Bonn and West Germany provided large sums (in the Reparations Agreement between Israel and West Germany) in compensation for Germany's prosecution of the holocaust against the Jews.

In 1954, he resigned and served as Minister of Defense, before returning to office in 1955. Under his leadership, Israel responded aggressively to Arab guerrilla attacks, and in 1956, invaded Egypt along with British and French forces after Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal.

He stepped down from office in 1963, and retired from political life in 1970. He then moved to Sde Boker, a kibbutz in the Negev desert, where he lived until his death. Posthumously, Ben-Gurion was named one of Time Magazine's 100 Most Important People of the 20th century.

"If I were an Arab leader I would never make terms with Israel. That is natural: we have taken their country... We come from Israel, but two thousand years ago, and what is that to them? There has been anti-Semitism, the Nazis, Hitler, Auschwitz, but was that their fault? They only see the thing: we have come here and stolen their country. Why should they accept that?"
David Ben-Gurion
David Ben-Gurion
David Ben-Gurion
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updated Mon. December 11, 2017

In 1947, David Ben-Gurion came to an agreement with Orthodox rabbis that stipulated that public transportation would be closed on Shabbat, and Municipalities could legislate which businesses could open. In Jerusalem, nearly all businesses are closed on Shabbat, and there are frequent and loud ...

David Ben-Gurion was reportedly obsessed with developing the bomb as insurance against Israel's enemies. Although an ambitious goal for such a small, initially impoverished country, Israel did not have any security guarantees with larger, more powerful states--particularly the United States. The country ...

When Israel's founding father, David Ben Gurion, declared the establishment of the State of Israel on May 1, 1948, the next day a coalition of Arab states attacked the newborn ... David Ben Gurion READING THE DECLARATION OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF ISRAEL IN THE MUSEUM IN Tel Aviv.
Anita Shapira, former Professor in the Study of Zionism at Tel Aviv University and head of the Rabin Center, led a discussion on the life and legacy of Israel's first prime minister David Ben-Gurion Wednesday afternoon at the Watson Institute of International and Public Affairs. Shapira opened her lecture by ...
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu addresses Kenya Friends of Israel at Villa Rosa Kempinski Nairobi on July 5, 2016. In Kenya, Israel has been involved in agricultural and security projects. PHOTO | JEFF ANGOTE | NATION MEDIA GROUP ...
In my youth I had a bitter argument with David Ben-Gurion's statist worldview. There were many others like me on the Israeli left who disagreed with him mightily and believed that his obsession with the state was exaggerated, especially when he proposed discarding the ideological youth movements and ...
Rivlin discussed the agreement decided on by David Ben Gurion, the first prime minister of Israel, and American Jewish leader Jacob Blaustein, which emphasized that American Jews were primarily U.S. citizens whose loyalty lay with that country, and that Israel represented only its own citizens.
He grew up in the Polish city of Plonsk, birthplace of David Ben-Gurion, the first prime minister of Israel. His father Avrum was a cobbler.
David Ben-Gurion reading the Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel on May 14, 1948. Sharshel Frank/ GPO. The growing ...
The film, garlanded with praise by critics at home and abroad, has led a whole generation of young Israelis to rediscover David Ben-Gurion, the ...
protest slams visit of grandson of Zionist war criminal David Ben-Gurion. (Fight Back! News/Staff). Jacksonville, FL - On Thursday night, Nov.
In 1956, David Ben-Gurion declared the third kingdom of Israel - the one from Metula to the "gulf of Solomon" (the straits of Tiran) - and Moshe ...
"What matters is not what the goyim [gentiles] say, but what the Jews do," said David Ben-Gurion, the first prime minister. That history is still ...

David Ben-Gurion was reportedly obsessed with developing the bomb as insurance against Israel's enemies. Although an ambitious goal for ...
In a judgement that would have upended one of the earliest tenets of Zionism and surely upset Israel's founding father David Ben Gurion, ...
David Ben Gurion flanked by members of his provisional government reading the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel, May 14 ...
... wasn't attended by architects but politicians - Israel Rokach, the city's mayor from 1936-1952, and future Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion.
DURING the violent birth of Israel, David Ben-Gurion, its first prime minister, allowed 400 ultra-Orthodox Jews (also called Haredim) to avoid ...
David Ben-Gurion being interviewed in "Ben-Gurion: Epilogue. ... unseen interview with former Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion from April ...
David Ben-Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, would have leapt at the chance for such a deal: to be a part of the Middle East, partners with Arab ...
His dreams took flight when, while still in his 20s, he was tapped by David Ben-Gurion, who would become Israel's first Prime Minister, for ...
Israel's secular first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, was also prevailed upon to exempt ultra-Orthodox yeshiva students from the draft on the ...
... and inspired A. D. Gordon, the champion of the Labor Zionist pioneers, including David Ben-Gurion, who built and then steered the country.
... a film about Israel's founder David Ben Gurion, made from recently rediscovered footage of an exclusive interview that happened by chance; ...
... and from the belief in boldness, two word combinations with which you eulogized your educator and teacher David Ben Gurion," Rivlin said.
In the process, they're trying to fulfill the prophecy of Israel's first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion. "Ben-Gurion's vision was there would be ...
Israel's founding father, David Ben-Gurion, granted the initial exemption while Israel was fighting for its existence. The ultra-Orthodox, or ...
It was Chief Rabbi Ephraim Mirvis who stole the show, nailing an anecdote about David Ben Gurion, leading to whoops of laughter in the room.
As strong internal opposition to vision of prime minister, David Ben Gurion, after attack on Arab nothing more proclaimed independence of ...
The book offers a rare glimpse into key chapters of his extraordinary life -- from his early days as a protege to David Ben-Gurion, to his covert ...
... first Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion at the stunningly young age of 29; serving as defense minister; founding Israel Aerospace Industries; ...
The policy of open-ended deferment dates to 1949 when Israel's founding prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, exempted 400 religious students ...
FILE - In this June 1981 file photo, Shimon Peres, then the leader of the Israeli opposition, poses in front of a picture of David Ben-Gurion, at his ...
... secret nuclear programme, in the '50s; close aide to David Ben Gurion, in charge of arms procurement for the embryonic IDF, in the 1940s.".
... Grapes of Wrath military operation in Lebanon, or the sinking of the Altalena vessel on the orders of his political protege, David Ben Gurion.
Which, incidentally, include a number of bravura set pieces: the General chastised for his excesses by David Ben-Gurion; the General and ...
"[Y]ou, you raise up the price," the general recalls, or imagines, being told by David Ben-Gurion. "Don't stop. Don't stop until our neighbors get ...
They were skillfully merged (mainly under the supervision of David Ben Gurion, the first Prime Minister of Israel) to become the Israel Defence ...
David Ben-Gurion called him "fascist" - though, as an Italy-lover, Jabotinsky loathed Benito Mussolini. During those years Jabotinsky was a ...
... to rubbish Jawaharlal Nehru's leadership after independence, comparing him unfavourably with strongmen like David Ben-Gurion in Israel, ...
Israel's first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, was a visionary who not only played a crucial part in the creation of the Jewish State but also ...
Notably, David Ben-Gurion's archives are housed in the Ben-Gurion Institute for the Study of Israel and Zionism, located near David ...
In light of these developments, analysts say, it appears likely that Israel's longest-serving prime minister after David Ben-Gurion will ultimately ...
NEGEV, Israel - DECEMBER 2, 1949: David Ben Gurion, the first Prime Minister of the Jewish State, wears military uniform during a visit on ...
She then served as minister of labor (1949-1956) and then foreign minister in 1956 under prime minister David Ben-Gurion. Asked to adopt a ...
Does he not remember David Ben-Gurion, Menachem Begin, Golda Meir, Moshe Dayan, Ariel Sharon, and the others, great leaders all, who ...


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