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 Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, sometimes referred to as DR Congo, Congo-Kinshasa or the DRC, is a country located in Central Africa. It is the second largest country in Africa by area and the eleventh largest in the world. With a population of over 75 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the nineteenth most populous nation in the world, the fourth most populous nation in Africa, as well as the most populous officially Francophone country.


It borders the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north; Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi in the east; Zambia and Angola to the south; the Republic of the Congo, the Angolan exclave of Cabinda, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west; and is separated from Tanzania by Lake Tanganyika in the east. The country has access to the ocean through a 40-kilometre (25 mi) stretch of Atlantic coastline at Muanda and the roughly 9 km wide mouth of the Congo River which opens into the Gulf of Guinea. It has the second-highest total Christian population in Africa.




Since 1997 the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DROC; formerly called Zaire) has been rent by ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow in 1994 of refugees from the fighting in Rwanda and Burundi. The government of former president MOBUTU Sese Seko was toppled by a rebellion led by Laurent KABILA in May 1997; his regime was subsequently challenged by a Rwanda- and Uganda-backed rebellion in August 1998. Troops from Zimbabwe, Angola, Namibia, Chad, and Sudan intervened to support the Kinshasa regime. A cease-fire was signed on 10 July 1999 by the DROC, Zimbabwe, Angola, Uganda, Namibia, Rwanda, and Congolese armed rebel groups, but sporadic fighting continued. KABILA was assassinated on 16 January 2001 and his son Joseph KABILA was named head of state ten days later. In October 2002, the new president was successful in getting occupying Rwandan forces to withdraw from eastern Congo; two months later, an agreement was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and set up a government of national unity.

Democratic Republic of the Congo map

Democratic Republic of the Congo

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updated Wed. May 2, 2018

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The situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is one of the world's most complex, challenging and forgotten crises. With 4.5 million people internally displaced and more than 740,000 Congolese refugees across Africa, the humanitarian situation deteriorated sharply in 2017. Refugees have ...
The Democratic Republic of Congo says it will not attend a donor conference in Geneva next month, complaining the country is being given "a bad image". The meeting aims to raise nearly $1.7bn (£1.2bn) for what the UN has described as a catastrophic humanitarian crisis. Acting Prime Minister Jose ...

A humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo is worsening and has reached catastrophic levels in some parts of the country, with millions facing severe hunger, the UN Security Council has warned. At least 13.1 million Congolese are in need of humanitarian aid including 7.7 million who are ...
BUNIA, Congo — The assailants attacked under cover of darkness, slaughtering Nguli Nzafi 's wife and three children with machetes and arrows. The 71-year-old, who also lost all 40 of his cattle in the violence, was forced to flee on foot some 90 kilometers (56 miles) to safety in the town of Bunia.
A humanitarian crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo is worsening and has reached catastrophic levels in some parts of the country, with millions facing severe hunger, the ... The United Nations has declared the humanitarian crisis in the DR Congo to be a Level 3, the UN's highest-level emergency.
About 4.5 million people are displaced in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), making it one of the largest displacement crises in the world. As years of conflict further deteriorate the humanitarian situation, explore how USAID is working to reach millions of people in the Democratic Republic of the ...

The community lined the sides of the road to welcome six vehicles rolling in from an arduous 500-mile journey from Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. More than 30 Congolese Mennonite leaders and mission representatives had accepted the Kandale congregation's invitation to attend a ...
Ethnic clashes have broken out in DR Congo's northern province of Ituri, leaving at least 79 people dead and tens of thousands displaced. The bulk of the fighting is between the Hema and Lendu tribes. According to reports from Al Jazeera, Lendu fighters have razed at least six villages in the past week, ...
FILE PHOTO: Democratic Republic of Congo's opposition Presidential candidate Moise Katumbi talks to his supporters after leaving the prosecutor's office in Lubumbashi, the capital of Katanga province of the Democratic Republic of Congo, May 11, 2016. REUTERS/Kenny Katombe/File Photo Reuters.
JOHANNESBURG - Democratic Republic of Congo opposition groups rallied behind exiled figure Moise Katumbi at talks in South Africa aimed at ... The meeting is being held outside the DR Congo because Katumbi is in de-facto exile in Brussels, after being condemned in absentia in a real estate affair.
The Democratic Republic of Congo has moved to increase taxes on mining firms and increase government royalties from the industry despite fierce opposition from international mining companies. President Joseph Kabila signed a new mining code into law on Friday. The country is Africa's biggest ...
The Democratic Republic of Congo has moved to increase taxes on mining firms and increase government royalties from the industry despite fierce opposition from international mining companies. President Joseph Kabila signed a new mining code into law on Friday. The country is Africa's biggest ...
Tens of thousands of people have fled clashes in Democratic Republic of Congo's northeast Ituri Province over recent weeks, travelling by boat to reach Uganda. Dozens are reported to have been killed in the violence, in which members of the Lendu community have reportedly targeted Hema and ...
Shares in Zanaga Iron Ore Company (LON:ZIOC) dropped 15% in London on Thursday after the company detailed its change of focus to a small-scale early production operation at its flagship Republic of Congo project. AIM-listed Zanaga, worth $50m after today's pullback, announced a $1.5m agreement ...
LUANDA – The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) is deeply concerned about rekindled tension in the violent Kasai region of the Democratic Republic of Congo and criticised the Angolan government for forcing some 500 refugees to return. Angola's government forced 530 Congolese to return to Congo ...
The Republic of Congo famed for the Rhumba genre of music may hardly come up when you talk about dance hall artists. But their prominence could go a notch higher, thanks to a breed of budding up and coming artists in this Central African nation. Meet Sosey Boy a dance hall artist whose music is ...
THE latest outbreak of violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) could spiral out of control and become a genocide, the Bishop of Boga, the Rt Revd Mugenyi William Bahemuka, has warned. At least 33 people died in the north-eastern Djugu territory, and 1000 houses were razed to the ground ...

In mid-February a source in the human rights community told me that villages in a remote region of the Democratic Republic of Congo were being burned amid a renewal of communal fighting. People fleeing the violence told aid workers of arson attacks. The clashes between the Hema and Lendu ...
BUNIA, Congo (AP) — Authorities say nearly three dozen people have been killed in the latest round of intercommunal fighting in northeastern Congo. Interior Minister Henri Mova Sakanyi said 34 bodies had been found Friday after the killings in several villages in Congo's Ituri province. But one legislator ...
The geopolitical situations in the Great Lakes region, currently characterised by damaged relations between neighbouring countries and a political impasse inside the Democratic Republic of Congo could plunge the region into another conflict. Last week, at least 72 people were killed in renewed fighting ...
... 2 conceded that an attack that killed 15 peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo late last year exposed "gaps" in how UN troops are trained. ... It was the bloodiest attack against MONUSCO, the UN force deployed in DR Congo since 1999, and the worst against a UN force since the death of ...
GOMA, Democratic Republic of Congo — Ethnic clashes between Hema herders and Lendu farmers in the northeastern province of Ituri in the Democratic Republic of Congo have killed more than 40 people, local officials said Friday. Tensions between the groups have been largely dormant since their ...
From 25 November 2017 through 23 February 2018, 1065 cases including 43 deaths (case fatality rate = 4%) have been reported from 32 out of 35 health zones in Kinshasa province. From 25 November 2017 through 15 February 2018, 177 stool specimens were collected for testing at the Institut National ...
Miners have moved in wherever a fat seam of the metal can be ripped from the Earth's grasp, especially in the Democratic Republic of Congo, which last year produced two-thirds of the world's cobalt. In Kasulo, a district of Kolwezi in the heart of the country's mining belt, the impact was seismic.
Aid agencies say tens of thousands of people have been displaced by ethnic violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo. At least 79 people were killed over the weekend when fighting broke out between Hema and Lendu tribes in the northern Ituri province. Al Jazeera's Charlotte Bellis reports.
Congo security forces violently disperse demonstrations in Kinshasa calling for President Joseph Kabila to step down. ... At least one person has been killed and two others injured in the Democratic Republic of Congo as security forces dispersed anti-government protesters, local media and human rights ...
Twenty-three people have been killed in renewed clashes between ethnic groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo's troubled east, according to an official toll Wednesday. The violence, in Rutshuru territory in the conflict-scarred province of North Kivu, has pitted the Hutu community on one side against ...
File photo shows soldiers prepare to march during a parade marking the 50th anniversary of the independence of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) in Kinshasa, capital of the DR Congo, on June 30, 2010. (Xinhua/Shu Shi). KIGALI, Feb. 18 (Xinhua) -- The Rwanda Defense Force (RDF) said it ...
Edgar Lungu has stated that the international community should stay away from Congo DR 'internal' affairs. Lungu was meeting Congo DR dictator Joseph Kabila who arrived in Zambia on Saturday afternoon for a two day 'working' visit. Kabila's term of office expired in December 2016 but he has refused ...
Mining giant Glencore is attempting to shrug off a row over its Congo copper mines as it prepares to unveil bumper profits. The Swiss-based labour union IndustriAll visited Glencore's operations in the Democratic Republic of Congo last week at the invitation of local union Tumec, but said it failed to gain ...
File: Democratic Republic of Congo's security forces are battling suspected Ugandan Islamist rebels in the Beni region. ... an offensive in Beni against the ADF, one of a number of armed groups that hold territory in the eastern DR Congo and are battling for control of the region's rich mineral resources.
File photo shows refugees of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo) ready to cross over to the Republic of Congo, Dec. 5, 2011. (Xinhua/Guy Gervais Kitina). KINSHASA, Feb. 17 (Xinhua) -- Seventy-six people have been killed during ethnic violence gripping northeast Democratic Republic of the ...
Rwandan army spokesman Col Innocent Munyengango confirmed the clashes to the BBC Great Lakes service and said there had been no Rwandan casualties. "Congolese encroached on our base and attacked us. Our soldiers had to defend themselves," he said. Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, ...
DR Congo assets frozen The British government has frozen 580 million pounds ($803 million) in assets held by militia leaders, army officers and private organisations with ties to Democratic Republic of Congo. The freezes were mandated by the European Union as part of a sanctions regime imposed by ...
President Akufo-Addo has called the African Union (AU) to action to end the incidents of the continuing and deepening crisis in the Democratic Republic of Congo. He condemned how developments in the Central Africa country has led to the massive displacement of hundreds of thousands of innocent ...
Estimates of the death toll in Congo between 1998 and 2003 range from roughly 1m to more than 5m—no one counted the corpses. Taking the midpoint, the cost in lives was higher than that in Syria, Iraq, Vietnam or Korea. Yet scarcely any outsider has a clue what the fighting was about or who was killing ...
Five people have been killed following an accident involving a cement truck and the Democratic Republic of Congo's presidential motorcade. The three soldiers and two civilians died as President Joseph Kabila was returning to the capital, Kinshasa. Another 11 people were injured, a presidential ...
On 11 December 2017, the Council extended its current sanctions regime against the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) until 12 December 2018. These sanctions were adopted in response to the obstruction of the electoral process and the related human rights violations in DRC (See Council (CFSP) ...
'We Are Overwhelmed,' Senior Refugee Official Says of East Congo Crisis. Feb. ... BENI, Democratic Republic of Congo (Reuters) - A humanitarian disaster in eastern Congo is quickly worsening as aid agencies have been forced to pull back due to growing insecurity and slashed budgets, the head of the ...
From food to furniture, clothing to haircuts, the bustling market in the settlement of Meri in the rural northeast of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is a colourful example of refugees' resourcefulness and how they can contribute to the local economy.
Congolese army patrols exchanged fire with Rwandan army positions some 100 metres (yards) inside DR Congo before the two countries' capitals contacted each other and intervened, according to a military source. The Congolese army initially thought it was fighting ex-M23 militia members, before ...
Three soldiers and two civilians were killed and 11 other people injured in an accident involving DR Congo President Joseph Kabila's motorcade, his office said Wednesday. The accident happened on a road in the southwest of the country, 220 kilometres (110 miles) south of Kinshasa, as Kabila was ...
There are more internally displaced persons in DRC than any other country in Africa. Provinces in eastern, southern, and central DRC are subject to complex episodes of violence and conflict between government forces and different militia groups. Continuous cycles of new acute crises displace hundreds ...
U.S. warns against electronic voting in DR Congo ... The United States warned the Democratic Republic of Congo on Monday against using an electronic voting system for a long-delayed presidential election in December this ... Congo's electoral commission finished registering 46 million voters last month.
GENEVA - Over 22,000 people fled Congo to Uganda last week following a surge of ethnic violence in the northeast, raising the total number of arrivals to about 34,000 since the start of the year, the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) said on Tuesday. At least 30 people have been killed in fighting ...
DR Congo refugees flood Ntoroko district as tribal clashes intensify in the country's east ... Ntoroko District's health facilities and infrastructure are under strain as thousands of refugees continue to cross into the small western Uganda district from the neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo.
Washington — Just as people are "struggling to survive" in Congo, aid agencies are struggling to meet their needs, said one aid worker. Political unrest in and around the capital, Kinshasa, is just the latest malady to afflict the Congolese citizens, said Chiara Nava, an adviser to the AVSI Foundation, an aid ...
After much delay, the DR Congo will hold elections on December 23 that are expected to pave the way to the first peaceful transfer of power in the vast ... E-ballots have never been tested in DR Congo, Haley said, adding that "employing an unfamiliar technology for the first time during a crucial election is ...
Thousands of Congolese refugees are fleeing fighting in the Democratic Republic of the Congo by crossing Lake Albert in fishing boats or canoes to neighbouring Uganda. UNHCR teams are supporting the efforts of the authorities to receive the new arrivals. UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, said recently ...
JOHANNESBURG - South Africa's military has opened an investigation into reports that members of its 1,000-strong, UN-mandated peacekeeping contingent in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo assaulted and tortured locals. A military statement said “corrective actions” would ensue if the reports, ...


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