Schema-Root.org logo

 

  cross-referenced news and research resources about

 war crimes

A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility. Examples of war crimes include intentionally killing civilians or prisoners, torture, destroying civilian property, taking hostages, perfidy, rape, using child soldiers, pillaging, declaring that no quarter will be given, and serious violations of the principles of distinction and proportionality, such as strategic bombing of civilian populations.


The concept of war crimes emerged at the turn of the twentieth century when the body of customary international law applicable to warfare between sovereign states was codified. Such codification occurred at the national level, such as with the publication of the Lieber Code in the United States, and at the international level with the adoption of the treaties during the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907. Moreover, trials in national courts during this period further helped clarify the law. Following the end of World War II, major developments in the law occurred. Numerous trials of Axis war criminals established the Nuremberg principles, such as notion that war crimes constituted crimes defined by international law. Additionally, the Geneva Conventions in 1949 defined new war crimes and established that states could exercise universal jurisdiction over such crimes. In the late 20th century and early 21st century, following the creation of several international courts, additional categories of war crimes applicable to armed conflicts other than those between states, such as civil wars, were defined.

dead children in Gaza
images:  google   yahoo YouTube
spacer

updated Mon. May 7, 2018

-
Winifred D. Smith, resident of Lakpazee community: “I feel that the war crime court is not necessary for us in Liberia because other countries where crimes were committed those people are not calling their past officials who were involved in those crimes but rather only African leaders. Taking people to court ...
Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic has started his appeal against a 40-year prison sentence for genocide and war crimes. A UN tribunal in The Hague is hearing the two-day appeal. The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) convicted Karadzic in March 2016.

But then one day you need to flee, because either opposition or government forces have decided that you are no longer needed and should be silenced or eliminated. You flee and seek asylum in host states. Then their authorities tell you that “you were in the army, might have committed war crimes, so we ...
THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) — Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic insisted Monday that Serb forces acted only in self-defense during Bosnia's bloody 1992-95 conflict as he called on appeals judges to overturn his multiple convictions and 40-year sentence for masterminding Serb atrocities ...
Dundee SNP MP Chris Law has written to the leader of the Scottish Conservatives furious about the actions of one of her party members. Mr Law has penned a scathing rebuke to Ruth Davidson MSP over the “inappropriate” behaviour of Ross Thomson MP, who represents the constituency of Aberdeen ...
Karadzic, who was arrested a decade ago after a years-long manhunt, was found guilty on 10 counts of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity for the brutal campaign of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia that he oversaw as president of the breakaway Bosnian Serb Republic. But his lawyer described ...

“Boko Haram's policy of recruiting childsoldiers constituted another instance of the sect's alleged commission of war crime and crime against humanity. “While there is no information available on the total number of child soldiers, the UN reported the recruitment and use of children as young as 12-year- old by Boko Haram.
Hundreds of protesters gathered in downtown Chicago Saturday to condemn the U.S.'s missile strike on Syria, particularly about the legality of the strike and the alleged use of chemical weapons. Protesters held signs such as "No to U.S. bombing of Syria", "U.S. lies, people! Stop war on Syria", "U.S. out of ...
“If Abadi wants to signal a change in Iraq's culture of impunity for forces committing the most horrific abuses, he should take concrete steps to protect possible evidence of war crimes, and bring in forensic experts to investigate before it is too late, in a transparent and public manner,” Fakih said.
Most of the words uttered by the president on a day-to-day basis, offensive though they may be, are uninteresting, in the sense that they add little context to our understanding of what Donald Trump is: an insecure Manhattan socialite who learned everything about being a leader from watching cocktail party ...
Mali war crimes suspect in custody, says ICC ... Victims' groups had been critical of the court for the limited scope of Al Mahdi's indictment, though his case was widely viewed as a landmark because it was the first time a person has been convicted of a war crime solely for destruction of cultural artefacts.
Rathis is a witness in the war crime case filed against Jammat-e-Islami Secretary General ATM Azharul Islam. He is also a public prosecutor for the murders of Japanese national Kunio Hoshi and shrine caretaker Rahmat Ali. Superintendent of Police Mizanur Rahman told bdnews24.com that Rathis's family ...
The International Criminal Court in the Hague has taken into custody a man wanted for war crimes in Mali, after the authorities there handed him over. Al Hassan Ag Abdoul Aziz Ag Mohamed Ag Mahmoud headed the Islamic police in Timbuktu when it was under the control of jihadist militants five years ...
Palestinians are urging Netflix to dump the “Fauda” series, created by former members of Israeli army death squads, that legitimizes and promotes racist violence and war crimes. The Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (PACBI) is calling on Netflix to nix the “thriller” series ...
John Bolton, President Donald Trump's incoming national security adviser, is talking like a war criminal. Acting on his argument in favor of the preemptive use of nuclear weapons against North Korea and/or Iran without congressional authorization would define the United States as a “rogue” state in ...
Al Hassan Ag Abdoul Aziz Ag Mohamed Ag Mahmoud was surrendered by the Malian authorities and has arrived at the tribunal´s detention centre in The Hague to face charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity for the destruction of the holy shrines of Timbuktu and accusations of rape and forced ...
"It just makes official what has been US policy since 9/11, which is that there will be no notice taken of war crimes because so many of them were being committed by our own allies, our military and intelligence officers, and our elected officials. The war crime of conspiring and waging aggressive war still ...

Milan Trisic tortured Muslims during the Bosnian civil war and then lied his way into the United States in 2000, concealing his ethnic cleansing history while claiming to be a refugee fleeing persecution. Earlier this week, a federal judge sentenced him to 18 months in prison, after which he faces deportation.
BOSTON — Juan Alicio Samayoa Cabrera, 67, accused of war crimes and human rights violations while a paramilitary commander during Guatemala's civil war, was ordered deported back to his native country on Thursday after living quietly in Providence for a quarter century. BOSTON — A Providence ...
The documents amassed so far form a “paper trail of war crimes” noteworthy for their specificity, according to Engels, who requested NBC News not reveal the location of the group's office out of concern for investigators' safety and the security of the evidence. The documents are stored in a vault.
A judge has ordered a man accused of war crimes and human rights violations while serving as a paramilitary commander during Guatemala's civil war to return to his native country. The Providence Journal reports that a judge in Boston on Thursday rejected Juan Alicio Samayoa Cabrera's request to ...
In a drab office building in a European capital amid the sound of humming document scanners, a team of human rights lawyers is hard at work processing thousands of documents that they say link the Syrian government to war crimes. The papers point to an unmistakable conclusion, according to those ...
Since May last year, the Serbian war crimes prosecution office has not responded to an inquiry sent by the Croatian state's attorney office for information that could assist in a war crimes trial being held at Zagreb county court. The state's attorney office asked its Serbian counterpart for the addresses of ...
... killed 59 villagers, set fire to their houses and looted people's belongings, aided by the four men on May 7, 1971, in the district's Rajnagar Upazila. Suspected war criminals were put on trial after the government formed the tribunal. Most of those convicted of war crimes so far are from the Jamaat-e-Islami, ...
We have agreed that next week we will submit the names of the task force members so that they can meet in the next 30 days and begin work on the exchange of data on war crimes suspects on both sides, Dražen Bošnjaković of Croatia told Hina after meeting with his Serbian counterpart Nela Kuburović.
Then there's 18 US Code 2441, the War Crimes Act of 1996. It defines a "war crime" as any "grave breach" of the Geneva Conventions, including torture, cruel or inhuman treatment, and sexual assault or abuse. The penalty is to be "imprisoned for life or any term of years ... if death results to the victim ... the ...
Former Bosnian Serbian commander Ratko Mladic on Thursday appealed against his convictions for genocide and war crimes, urging UN judges to acquit him on all charges. Mladic, once dubbed the Butcher of Bosnia, was sentenced to life imprisonment in November for his role in the Balkans war, ...
MANILA—The Supreme Court may eventually have to settle whether the Philippines' withdrawal from a war crimes tribunal is valid, a human rights commissioner said Friday but also suggested that the issue may be better left “in limbo” for now. A high court ruling upholding President Rodrigo Duterte's ...
Former Bosnian Serbian commander Ratko Mladic has appealed against his convictions for genocide and war crimes, urging UN judges to acquit him instead of all charges. Mladic, once dubbed the Butcher of Bosnia, was sentenced to life imprisonment in November for his role in the Balkans war, ...
Currently, the attention of mainstream media is focused on the situation in the battered enclave of Eastern Ghouta. More than 80,000 civilians have already fled the region via humanitarian corridors despite numerous threats from terrorists, and the humanitarian situation there is being improved day by day.
Mr. Olusoga argued that although Churchill was remembered as being a great politician, he was “largely responsible” for war crimes in Africa, as well as the Bengal famine of 1943-44 in India. “Certain people, we only want to hear the good things that they do. Certain events, we only want to hear the stories ...
On Monday, the UN human rights chief told an informal meeting of the Security Council on Monday that the Syrian regime's five-year siege of the Damascus suburbs of eastern Ghouta has involved "pervasive war crimes," use of chemical weapons and starvation as a weapon of war. Home to some 400,000 ...
After his arrest in Klina he has been transferred to Pristina at the prosecutor's order suspected of commiting war crimes against Albanians in 1998-99. Zajic has returned to his village in Kosovo recently after living in Serbia since the end of the war. Head of the Office for Communities at the Municipality of ...
The Trump administration maintains that it won't tolerate chemical weapons attacks by Bashar al-Assad's regime and its partners in Syria, despite reported widespread use of chlorine gas, along with credible reports of the nerve agent sarin. But there's no real plan to stop these war crimes, and America's ...
He was questioned by Metropolitan Police detectives but they said there was insufficient evidence and no further action was taken. But Nazi war crime crime prosecutors based in Ludwigsburg, Germany, asked to see the interviews and the case was reopened. Mr Chrzanowski, who also lived in Holmfirth ...
UN Rights Chief Slams Syrian Regime's War Crimes as 15 Children Killed in Strike ... High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein condemned on Monday the Syrian regime's “pervasive war crimes” in Eastern Ghouta as 15 children were killed in the latest air strikes on the besieged ...
The unprecedented case has been hailed a landmark in Nazi war crime investigations, clarifying to German prosecutors who they can investigate. ... of British police when his stepson John Kingston, of Holmfirth, West Yorkshire, sent a dossier of evidence to the Metropolitan Police's war crimes unit.
Fifteen years ago this week, George W. Bush launched the invasion of Iraq. Bush and Co. intended the second Iraq War as a stepping-stone to wider domination of the Middle East, and they claimed victory when Saddam Hussein's dictatorial regime fell quickly. But within months, the U.S. faced mass ...
A United Nations body established in December 2016 to document war crimes in the course of the Syrian civil war is suffering from chronic funding problems, German state broadcaster Deutsche Welle said . The “International, Independent and Impartial Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and ...
In that context, Marchi-Uhel said the IIIM is "really a unique mandate," going beyond a mere fact-finding mission into what she described as a "quasi-prosecutorial function," cataloging and organizing evidence that could quickly be transferred to a tribunal with jurisdiction over Syrian war crimes. Though its ...
Colombia's historic war crimes tribunal took force on Thursday and is now open for victims who want to report war crimes. More than 7,300 alleged war criminals have already reported themselves at the tribunal, which was agreed between the government and the FARC as part of a 2016 peace deal.
Karkoc's family denies that he was involved in any war crimes. Last July, Poland asked US authorities to hand over Karkoc, who lives in Minneapolis, so he could face a court trial. Robert Janicki, a prosecutor with the National Remembrance Institute, said on Thursday that in response to Poland's extradition ...
Saudi Arabia accused of Yemen war crimes as crown prince completes UK visit. UK News | Published: Less than an hour ago. Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has met Theresa May, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and had an audience with the Queen. shares ...
... Karadzic on Trial · Ratko Mladic Facing Justice · Kosovo Organ Trafficking · Srebrenica · Goran Hadzic at the Hague. Topics; Life Stories · EU Integration · Gender Justice · Reparations · Missing Persons · Returnees and IDPs · Criminal Justice Efforts · Victim Rights · War Crime Trials · Memorialisation · ICTY Co-operation ...
A court in Gjakova cleared Limaj on Friday, saying prosecutors failed to prove the alleged war crimes. The 47-year-old politician, leader of the Initiative for Kosovo party, has been acquitted on similar charges in the past. Some 10,000 people died and 1,700 went missing during the war as separatists in ...
War crimes judges on Thursday rejected an appeal by former Congolese vice-president Jean-Pierre Bemba against a bribery conviction, calling instead for a new jail term to be imposed. The appeals judges ruled to “reverse” the sentences imposed on Bemba and two of his co-accused and “remand the ...
In Photos: White Helmets Media Studio Producing “Evidence of Assad Regime War Crimes” ... has released a series of photos reportedly showing a media studio of the White Helmets, which produces “evidence of Assad regime war crimes” in the Eastern Ghouta region, near the Syrian capital of Damascus.
A prosecution military expert told the trial of former Serbian State Security Service chiefs Jovica Stanisic and Franko Simatovic that their units were involved in the persecution and killing of non-Serb civilians during the Bosnian war. Radosa Milutinovic. BIRN. Belgrade ...
... war crimes and crimes against humanity. Under the Geneva Convention the definition of such crimes includes political, racist or religious persecution and/or other inhuman treatment. Under the Rome Statute, the basis for the establishment of the International Criminal Court in The Hague, “war crime” is a ...
The claim that these tactics might be meant to elude war crimes investigators has not been made before. ... “Through the use of unguided bombs, including blast weapons in a densely civilian populated area, however, this attack may amount to the war crime of launching indiscriminate attacks resulting in ...


 

news and opinion