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 war crimes

A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility. Examples of war crimes include intentionally killing civilians or prisoners, torture, destroying civilian property, taking hostages, perfidy, rape, using child soldiers, pillaging, declaring that no quarter will be given, and serious violations of the principles of distinction and proportionality, such as strategic bombing of civilian populations.

The concept of war crimes emerged at the turn of the twentieth century when the body of customary international law applicable to warfare between sovereign states was codified. Such codification occurred at the national level, such as with the publication of the Lieber Code in the United States, and at the international level with the adoption of the treaties during the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907. Moreover, trials in national courts during this period further helped clarify the law. Following the end of World War II, major developments in the law occurred. Numerous trials of Axis war criminals established the Nuremberg principles, such as notion that war crimes constituted crimes defined by international law. Additionally, the Geneva Conventions in 1949 defined new war crimes and established that states could exercise universal jurisdiction over such crimes. In the late 20th century and early 21st century, following the creation of several international courts, additional categories of war crimes applicable to armed conflicts other than those between states, such as civil wars, were defined.

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updated Wed. March 21, 2018

Mr. Olusoga argued that although Churchill was remembered as being a great politician, he was "largely responsible" for war crimes in Africa, as well as the Bengal famine of 1943-44 in India. "Certain people, we only want to hear the good things that they do. Certain events, we only want to hear the ... Winston Churchill
On Monday, the UN human rights chief told an informal meeting of the Security Council on Monday that the Syrian regime's five-year siege of the Damascus suburbs of eastern Ghouta has involved "pervasive war crimes," use of chemical weapons and starvation as a weapon of war. Home to some ...

After his arrest in Klina he has been transferred to Pristina at the prosecutor's order suspected of commiting war crimes against Albanians in 1998-99. Zajic has returned to his village in Kosovo recently after living in Serbia since the end of the war. Head of the Office for Communities at the Municipality ...
The Trump administration maintains that it won't tolerate chemical weapons attacks by Bashar al-Assad's regime and its partners in Syria, despite reported widespread use of chlorine gas, along with credible reports of the nerve agent sarin. But there's no real plan to stop these war crimes, and ... chemical
He was questioned by Metropolitan Police detectives but they said there was insufficient evidence and no further action was taken. But Nazi war crime crime prosecutors based in Ludwigsburg, Germany, asked to see the interviews and the case was reopened. Mr Chrzanowski, who also lived in ...

UN Rights Chief Slams Syrian Regime's War Crimes as 15 Children Killed in Strike ... High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein condemned on Monday the Syrian regime's "pervasive War Crimes" in Eastern Ghouta as 15 Children were killed in the latest air strikes on the ...
Fifteen years ago this week, George W. Bush launched the invasion of Iraq. Bush and Co. intended the second Iraq War as a stepping-stone to wider domination of the Middle East, and they claimed victory when Saddam Hussein's dictatorial regime fell quickly. But within months, the U.S. faced mass ... rights Syria
A United Nations body established in December 2016 to document war crimes in the course of the Syrian civil war is suffering from chronic funding problems, German state broadcaster Deutsche Welle said . The “International, Independent and Impartial Mechanism to Assist in the Investigation and ... rights Syria
In that context, Marchi-Uhel said the IIIM is "really a unique mandate," going beyond a mere fact-finding mission into what she described as a "quasi-prosecutorial function," cataloging and organizing evidence that could quickly be transferred to a tribunal with jurisdiction over Syrian war crimes. Though its ... rights Syria
Colombia's historic war crimes tribunal took force on Thursday and is now open for victims who want to report war crimes. More than 7,300 alleged war criminals have already reported themselves at the tribunal, which was agreed between the government and the FARC as part of a 2016 peace deal. rights Syria
Karkoc's family denies that he was involved in any war crimes. Last July, Poland asked US authorities to hand over Karkoc, who lives in Minneapolis, so he could face a court trial. Robert Janicki, a prosecutor with the National Remembrance Institute, said on Thursday that in response to Poland's extradition ... rights Syria
Saudi Arabia accused of Yemen war crimes as crown prince completes UK visit. UK News | Published: Less than an hour ago. Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has met Theresa May, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and had an audience with the Queen. shares ... rights Syria
... Karadzic on Trial · Ratko Mladic Facing Justice · Kosovo Organ Trafficking · Srebrenica · Goran Hadzic at the Hague. Topics; Life Stories · EU Integration · Gender Justice · Reparations · Missing Persons · Returnees and IDPs · Criminal Justice Efforts · Victim Rights · War Crime Trials · Memorialisation · ICTY Co-operation ... rights Syria
A court in Gjakova cleared Limaj on Friday, saying prosecutors failed to prove the alleged war crimes. The 47-year-old politician, leader of the Initiative for Kosovo party, has been acquitted on similar charges in the past. Some 10,000 people died and 1,700 went missing during the war as separatists in ... rights Syria

War crimes judges on Thursday rejected an appeal by former Congolese vice-president Jean-Pierre Bemba against a bribery conviction, calling instead for a new jail term to be imposed. The appeals judges ruled to “reverse” the sentences imposed on Bemba and two of his co-accused and “remand the ... rights Syria
In Photos: White Helmets Media Studio Producing “Evidence of Assad Regime War Crimes” ... has released a series of photos reportedly showing a media studio of the White Helmets, which produces “evidence of Assad regime war crimes” in the Eastern Ghouta region, near the Syrian capital of Damascus. rights Syria
A prosecution military expert told the trial of former Serbian State Security Service chiefs Jovica Stanisic and Franko Simatovic that their units were involved in the persecution and killing of non-Serb civilians during the Bosnian war. Radosa Milutinovic. BIRN. Belgrade ... rights Syria
... war crimes and crimes against humanity. Under the Geneva Convention the definition of such crimes includes political, racist or religious persecution and/or other inhuman treatment. Under the Rome Statute, the basis for the establishment of the International Criminal Court in The Hague, “war crime” is a ... rights Syria
The claim that these tactics might be meant to elude war crimes investigators has not been made before. ... “Through the use of unguided bombs, including blast weapons in a densely civilian populated area, however, this attack may amount to the war crime of launching indiscriminate attacks resulting in ... rights Syria
GENEVA — United Nations investigators have linked Russian forces to a possible war crime in Syria for the first time, reporting on Tuesday that a Russian plane was responsible for airstrikes on a market last year that killed scores of civilians. The plane carried out a series of attacks in November on the ... rights Syria
It found no evidence that the Russian strike had deliberately targeted the market, but said "this attack may amount to the war crime of launching indiscriminate attacks resulting in death and injury to civilians", the first time it has explicitly implicated Moscow in possible war crimes. And three U.S.-led coalition ... rights Syria
“They have used the country's oil to buy weapons, fund deadly militias, and hire companies owned by political insiders to support military operations that have resulted in horrific atrocities and war crimes,” lead Sentry investigator J.R. Mailey said in a statement. South Sudan gained independence from ... rights Syria
The International Crimes Tribunal (ICT)-1 on Sunday framed charges of crimes against humanity against 11 men from Mymensingh. “The three-member tribunal headed by Justice Md Shahinur Islam framed four charges against the accused and set April 12 for submitting the opening statement in the trial,” ... rights Syria
TEHRAN: Countries selling weapons to Saudi Arabia and its allies must answer for "war crimes" being committed in Yemen, Iran's President Hassan Rouhani told his French counterpart in a phone call on Sunday. "In Yemen we are witnessing war crimes and countries that provide weapons for Saudi ... rights Syria
Countries selling weapons to Saudi Arabia and its allies must answer for “war crimes” being committed in Yemen, Iran's President Hassan Rouhani told his French counterpart in a phone call on Sunday. “In Yemen we are witnessing war crimes and countries that provide weapons for Saudi Arabia and the ... rights Syria
Her sister, Agnes Reeves Taylor, a former wife to former Liberian President Charles Taylor was picked up last June from her home in Dagenham, East London and arrested by the Metropolitan Police War Crimes Unit and charged the following day with one accusations of conspiracy to torture and three ... rights Syria
The UN's human rights chief has warned that attacks on Syria's Eastern Ghouta probably amount to "war crimes" and that those behind the targeting of civilians will be held to account. "I must emphasise that what we are seeing, in Eastern Ghouta and elsewhere in Syria, are likely war crimes, and potentially ... rights Syria
More than 4 million people have been displaced in South Sudan since the civil war began in 2013. Photograph: Stefanie Glinski/AFP/Getty Images. UN investigators say they have identified more than 40 South Sudanese military officers who may be responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity. rights Syria
The increasing calls for a war crimes court and Lassa fever resurfacing in Liberia dominate the headlines of Liberian newspapers on Friday.The administration of President George Weah continues to receive many calls for the prosecution of those who bear greater responsibility for atrocities committed ... rights Syria
The Humanitarian Law Centre NGO filed a criminal complaint against Svetozar Andric, a former Bosnian Serb Army commander who is now a deputy mayor in Belgrade, accusing him of war crimes in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Filip Rudic. BIRN. Belgrade ... rights Syria
More than a year after President Donald Trump's inauguration, the understaffed U.S. State Department is causing chaos and obstructing international war crimes investigations. David Schwendiman, the chief prosecutor of a war crimes court investigating atrocities in the 1998-1989 Kosovo War, said the ... rights Syria
... Margaret Bedggood read Hager's book before publication and her response was printed on the back cover. She wrote that the alleged actions and decisions described in the book, “if confirmed, would seriously breach international human rights and humanitarian law and could amount to war crimes.” ... rights Syria
REUTERS/Siegfried Modola Investigators have been documenting the horrors committed during South Sudan's civil war since its outbreak, but a new UN report offers a detailed account of some of the most emblematic crimes committed there during 2016 and 2017, underscoring the necessity of holding the ... rights Syria
... Ratko Mladic Facing Justice · Kosovo Organ Trafficking · Srebrenica · Goran Hadzic at the Hague. Topics; Life Stories · EU Integration · Gender Justice · Reparations · Missing Persons · Returnees and IDPs · Criminal Justice Efforts · Victim Rights · War Crime Trials · Memorialisation · ICTY Co-operation ... rights Syria
... and fascism of India in Kashmir and it can be assumed that how-grave war crimes are committed by the occupational forces in Jammu & Kashmir." JRL in their appeal to UN Secretary General asked to initiate investigation in Kunan Poshpora and other incidents in Kashmir by the UN War Crime Tribunal, ... rights Syria
Officials in the German state of Hesse honored anti-war crimes crusader Carla Del Ponte on Friday by presenting her with the Albert Osswald Foundation's Peace Prize. The 71-year-old Del Ponte led an "uncompromising fight for peace" during her career as international prosecutor, the jury said. Del Ponte ... rights Syria
“Uneven distribution of cases, as well as processing less complex cases by the prosecution and court of Bosnia and Herzegovina, are among the causes of the inefficient processing of the most complex war crime cases and the expiry of the original seven-year deadline specified under the strategy,” the ... rights Syria
The US on Friday accused Syrian President Bashar al-Assad of committing “war crimes” with Russian support in the strife-torn country where over 400 civilians have been killed in air strikes and bombardments in rebel strongholds in a week. White House Deputy Press Secretary Raj Shah said the US was ... rights Syria
UN investigators say they have identified more than 40 South Sudanese military officers who may be responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Their findings are a sharp departure from previous UN reports that documented crimes but not perpetrators. Oil-rich South Sudan gained ... rights Syria
These attacks appear to have violated international humanitarian law and may constitute war crimes. While the Houthis grew their military power ever since they overtook Sana'a on September 2014, with the support of Ali Abdullah Saleh, the Saudi-led coalition's military activities in Yemen were only ... rights Syria
“For six years, the international community has stood by as the Syrian government has committed crimes against humanity and war crimes with total impunity. “The United Nations Security Council must enforce its own resolutions which call for an end to sieges of civilian areas and attacks on civilians, and ... rights Syria
The US ambassador to Kosovo says the country must allow a new war crimes court to investigate alleged atrocities by the Kosovo Liberation Army. He's been speaking to Al Jazeera as Kosovo prepares to mark 10 years since declaring independence. Al Jazeera's Andrew Simmons reports from Gracanica, ... rights Syria
Since the International Criminal Court began collecting material three months ago for a possible war crimes case, it has collected a staggering 1.17 million statements from Afghans who say they were victims. Abdul Wadood Pedram, of the Kabul-based Human Rights and Eradication of Violence ... rights Syria
But in immigration court, Bremer cast doubt on the war crimes allegations. He portrayed Samayoa as a law-abiding resident of the United States, without even a traffic violation on his record. As for his time as a paramilitary leader, Bremer told the judge it was basically self defense during a horrible war. rights Syria
Rotting corpses of a woman and child at St. Peter's Lutheran Church in Monrovia, known as the Lutheran Church Massacre. Decomposing a long with those of hundreds of refugees massacred by soldiers of slain President Samuel Doe on July 30. This photography was taken mid October 1990. rights Syria
Kirsty Gunn: What Nazi war crimes trials tell us about MeToo campaign. Harriet Harman, pictured on the campaign trail in 1982, recalled examples of sexual harrasment in her recdent autobiography. Picture: PA ... rights Syria
Can U.S. nuclear strike planners and executors be prosecuted for war crimes? Short answer, yes. And the planners are more vulnerable to prosecution than world leaders, such as President Donald Trump. A preliminary question, of course, is what would constitute an illegal nuclear strike order. It is fairly ... rights Syria


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