Schema-Root.org logo

 

  cross-referenced news and research resources about

 war and armed conflict in Poland

Schema-Root.org logo
images:  google   yahoo YouTube
spacer

updated Wed. April 25, 2018

-
One of the main attractions for city officials who began scouring Poland for a new twin city last year was that Wroclaw is an established university town. ... Part of the city's determination to go its own way may come from the fact that it wasn't even part of Poland until the end of the Second World War when ...
When Germany invaded Poland in World War II, things were looking bleak for the Polish people. But Chopin's Polonaise in A major, composed at the outset of the War, is a bombastic, chord-filled, major-key piano piece which is played almost entirely forte. During Poland's invasion, Polksie Radio played ... classical music

The Federation of Jewish Communities of Russia will send 1,100 teenagers and young adults to the World War II death camp in Poland on April 30 as part of its Eurostars trip, which brings Russian Jews to Western Europe and other parts of the continent, federation President Alexander Boroda told JTA ... Holocaust
The monument, which comes in the form of a thought-provoking symbolic design, is due to be officially unveiled in a square in the historic Polish city in early June. The more than nine-metre-tall structure has cost almost PLN 1.5 million (EUR 360,000, USD 440,000) to build, Monika ... Cold War
That was the case with the German refugees displaced from what is now western Poland and the Sudeten regions of Czechoslovakia, who were not left in refugee camps clamoring for a return to their prewar homes but were resettled in Germany. That made it possible for Germany to arrive at peace with its ... Cold War
Top European Union official Donald Tusk said Monday he had no power or role in the preparation of any flights taken by himself or Poland's president when he was prime ... They were travelling to pay homage to thousands of Polish officers killed by Soviet secret security in 1940, during World War II. Cold War

The abrupt break-up of Europe's land empires and the inability of the successor states to settle territorial disputes with their neighbours peacefully was pivotal in triggering post-war violence. Newly independent Poland, for example, waged six wars against her neighbours between 1918 and 1920 in order to ... Cold War
Jarosław Kaczyński, leader of the Law and Justice party (PiS) expressed his anger at Germany's refusal to cave in to the reparation demands. In a scathing attack on Berlin, the politician said it is an absolutely “critical issue” that Poland has not seen a penny out of Germany's coffers since the end of the war. Cold War
The official stance of the Warsaw is that the 1953 agreement was settled between the Soviet puppet Governments of Poland and East Germany and therefore not valid in today's independent Poland. Mr Mularczyk said: “The vast majority of those hurt by the war are dead, and the majority of them never ... Cold War
Poland and Lithuania are in favour of strengthening NATO's eastern flank, the Speaker of the lower house of the Polish parliament said on Thursday ... Poland, meanwhile, regained independence on November 11, 1918, the day World War I ended, after 123 years of partition by Russia, Austria and Prussia. Cold War
After Poland's official underground army (AK) of World War II disbanded in January 1945 thousands of Poles continued to fight in other formations as the Soviet Red Army extended its grip across the country. A Soviet-backed communist regime was later installed in rigged 1947 elections after the war. Cold War
The law, which was passed earlier this month and makes it illegal to accuse Poland of complicity in Nazi crimes committed during the war, has come under fire from several rights groups and foreign governments who say it threatens freedom of speech and legitimate academic research into the role some ... Cold War
A Polish law that criminalizes accusing the Polish nation of crimes that were committed by Nazi Germany has taken effect, Thursday March 1, 2019. The law has sparked a crisis with Israel, where officials fear its true aim is to repress research on Poles who killed Jews during World War II, something Polish ... Cold War
Israel, as an enemy, has been chosen perfectly. It is ruled by right-wing populists, so it has been possible to accurately predict the mirror mechanism of sharp reactions. And that is what Jarosław Kaczyński wanted. Nothing consolidates power better than war. A war undermines any internal divisions within a ... Cold War
Updated | Poland's Senate approved a new law late Wednesday night that makes it illegal to blame Poles for the Holocaust or to call Nazi death camps in Poland “Polish death camps.” People convicted under the new law could face up to three years in jail or be fined. Nazi Germany had six camps in ... Cold War
Polish state prosecutors have set an ambitious goal for themselves: to find surviving Nazi SS soldiers who committed war crimes at German concentration camps during the Second World War and to bring them to trial. "We finally have to deal comprehensively with the mass murder that was committed in ... Cold War
Poland marks 75th anniversary of uprising in Warsaw Ghetto in World War II ... Polish President Andrzej Duda and World Jewish Congress President Ronald Lauder said the hundreds of young Jews who took to arms in Warsaw in 1943 against the overwhelming might of the Nazi German army fought for ... Cold War

On the list of anti-cryptocurrency countries, Poland has never really stuck out. In fact, there has been enough evidence to suggest that the Eastern European country was moving towards embracing Bitcoin and Blockchain technology. However, a recently uncovered smear campaign by the NBP (National ... Cold War
After the war and the political reorganisation of Germany, Lower Silesia experienced a striking demographic and cultural change, when the region became a part of the Soviet-backed communist Polish People's Republic and the German population was forced to leave to make room for new Polish settlers. Cold War
Read alsoHistorical dispute should not weaken Poland-Ukraine ties – Polish foreign ministerThe minister has noted that Poland sees great importance in observing the principle of countries' sovereignty and territorial integrity, recalling Russia's actions beyond the principles of international law, such as the ... Cold War
“I drew myself,” wrote Mr. Holtom, a World War II conscientious objector who was alarmed by the nuclear arms race. “The representative of an individual in despair, with hands palm outstretched outward and downward in the manner of Goya's peasant before the firing squad.” The symbol also combined the ... Cold War
With such largess, one would hardly think that Poland is in a kind of war with the European Union. In recent months, the nationalist government has bitten the hand that feeds more than once. The European Union has accused it of a grave risk to democratic values and the rule of law by packing the courts ... Cold War
The Holocaust was a genocide perpetrated during the second world war by German Nazis in Germany and German-occupied lands. Any suggestion that Poland is to share the responsibility for the Holocaust (Editorial, 20 February) is wrong and demonstrates a lack of historical and psychological ... Cold War
Die Welt said that, according to Morawiecki, when Nord Stream 2 starts operating and if Ukrainian pipelines are shut off, Russia would be able to escalate the conflict with Ukraine and an all-out Russo-Ukrainian war would be more likely, Die Welt said. At the World Economic Forum in Davos last month, ... Cold War
She said the report would confirm that the allies knew the names and locations of German Nazi concentration and death camps located in occupied Poland during World War II. “The allies knew what was happening in Poland and did not take any action … they did not bomb a single train line taking wagons ... Cold War
What is the controversy over the “Polish death camps”? On February 6, Poland adopted a law to prosecute, and send to jail for three years, anyone who holds the nation responsible for Nazi war crimes. Several academics and countries such as the United States and Israel criticized the law, saying it was ... Cold War
And yet, 10 days later, Poland's president, Andrzej Duda, signed the bill into law retorting that “the historic truth is that there was no systematic institutionalized participation among Poles [in the Holocaust].” What is happening? Why, over 70 years since the end of the Second World War, is this argument ... Cold War
Kukliński passed top-secret Warsaw Pact documents to the CIA between 1971 and 1981, including plans for a military onslaught on the West and for the imposition of martial law in Poland to crush the Solidarity movement. Shortly after the declaration of martial law in December 1981, Kukliński was ... Cold War
Polish officers taking English lessons at a training camp in England during the second world war. Andy Stelman reports his father's experience of antisemitism while stationed in Britain with the Polish army. Photograph: Fox Photos/Getty Images. Jonathan Freedland's article (No law can protect the truth of ... Cold War
Protests outside Polish diplomatic posts in Ukraine are set to take place on Monday in opposition to Warsaw's plans to penalise anyone who denies crimes committed by Ukrainian nationalists between 1925 and 1950, such as the Volhynia Massacre during World War II, a black page in Polish-Ukrainian ... Cold War
Unlike in France, Belgium, Italy and most other European countries, there was no fascist, pro-German or collaborationist government in Poland during the war, and no Polish SS formation. The Nazi occupiers intended to destroy Poland as a nation, to Germanize a large chunk of the country and to turn the ... Cold War
Head of the Polish government, Mateusz Morawiecki said: "Poland was the first victim of the Third Reich during the war. Death and suffering in the Nazi German concentration camps was the fate shared by Jews, Poles, and those of many other national and ethnic groups," according to Radio Poland. Cold War
Since coming to power in Poland in 2015, Law and Justice, the nationalist populist party led by Jaroslaw Kaczynski, has embarked on a series of palliative measures. The most recent is a draft law outlawing accusations of Polish participation in the Holocaust and other war crimes that took place during the ... Cold War
... draft law criminalizing statements on historical events, such as accusations against Poland or the Polish people of complicity in crimes committed during the Holocaust or a denial of crimes against the Polish population committed by Ukrainian nationalists, such as the Volyn Massacre during World War II. Cold War
A contentious new Second World War museum, which opened in Poland in March last year, has become a symbol of a Europe divided between those confronting the conflict's realities and nationalists' view of history. Conceived in 2008 by historian Paweł Machcewicz and the then Polish Prime Minister ... Cold War
As Poland's Senate passed what The New York Times editorial page called “a needless, foolish and insulting draft bill that would penalize any suggestion of complicity by the Polish state or the Polish nation in the Nazi death machine,” the National Library of Israel announced that it had received an ... Cold War
Updated | Poland's Senate approved a new law late Wednesday night that makes it illegal to blame Poles for the Holocaust or to call Nazi death camps in Poland “Polish death camps.” People convicted under the new law could face up to three years in jail or be fined. Nazi Germany had six camps in ... Cold War
Poland was attacked and occupied by Nazi Germany in World War II, losing six million of its citizens including three million of its Jews, who numbered 3.2 million before the conflict. But the country's governing nationalists, who came to power in 2015, have sought to push back against suggestions of Polish ... Cold War
Poland's lower house of parliament gave its approval Friday to the “Death Camps Law,” which calls for penalties of up to three years in prison for anyone who "publicly and against the facts" accuses the Polish people of crimes committed by Nazi Germany during World War II. The bill was still on the agenda ... Cold War
HOHENFELS, Germany — For the first time, a Polish brigade led the Allied Spirit exercise, which this year brought together 4,100 soldiers from the United States and nine other NATO and partner nations for a fight against a mock foe. The three-week exercise, which began Jan. 15, wrapped up on Monday. Cold War
Polish state prosecutors have set an ambitious goal for themselves: to find surviving Nazi SS soldiers who committed war crimes at German concentration camps during the Second World War and to bring them to trial. "We finally have to deal comprehensively with the mass murder that was committed in ... Cold War
At the same time, the Polish side must consistently fight for the truth," he said, Radio Poland reported. Read alsoPolish Sejm bans "Bandera ideology" According to Lapinski, for many years, the Poles have heard lies about the so-called Polish death camps in Nazi-occupied Poland during World War II. "Thus ... Cold War
Poland has now also been threatened with losing part of its EU funding if prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki does not walk back the reforms, which are a crucial part of his conservative platform. However the defiant display by Mr Kaczynski is the latest in a string of indications Poland will stand firm against ... Cold War
Needless to say, this allegation was completely baseless. Only around 30,000 Jews remained in Poland in the 1960s from a pre-war population of over three million. There was no Zionist movement to speak of and the accusation that Polish students were guided by Israel, acting as an agent of international ... Cold War
Poland was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union during World War II, and the existence of the pro-Hitler group has sparked shock and revulsion. About 6 million Polish citizens were killed in the war, while Polish cities were razed and the country's cultural heritage looted. Cold War
Defence Minister Mariusz Błaszczak echoed that “the myth” of the 1863 uprising became the cornerstone of Polish independence 55 years later. Parliamentarians, military commanders and soldiers as well as World War II veterans and historians were also among those attending Monday's ceremonies in ... Cold War
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko states that the Kremlin today employs the same methods of "hybrid war" against Ukraine as those the Bolsheviks used against the Ukrainian People's Republic (UNR) 100 years ago, according to an UNIAN correspondent, reporting from an opening ceremony of ... Cold War
Germany's foreign minister suggested Wednesday that an experts group could be created to look into calls from some of Poland's nationalist leaders that the country should be paid World War II reparations from Berlin. However, Sigmar Gabriel also made very clear during his meeting with new Polish ... Cold War
The title "Righteous among the Nations," the highest Israeli civilian distinction, has been awarded since 1963 by the Yad Vashem Institute in Jerusalem to those who helped Jews during World War II. Some 3.3 million Jews lived in Poland's territory at the outbreak of World War II. Poles constitute the largest ... Cold War
Russophobia in Poland spreads in many spheres, the minister said. "[Those are] the war against monuments, and the statements it is their right to remove the monuments which are not above burials, though the intergovernmental agreement on mutual respect for monuments, devoted to World War II, reads ... Cold War


 

news and opinion