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 International Criminal Court (ICC)

The International Criminal Court (ICC or ICCt) is a permanent tribunal to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression (although it cannot currently exercise jurisdiction over the crime of aggression).


The court came into being on 1 July 2002 the date its founding treaty, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, entered into force and it can only prosecute crimes committed on or after that date. The official seat of the court is in The Hague, Netherlands, but its proceedings may take place anywhere.


As of March 2009, 108 states are members of the Court; A further 40 countries have signed but not ratified the Rome Statute. However, a number of states, including China, Russia, India and the United States, are critical of the court and have not joined.


The ICC can generally exercise jurisdiction only in cases where the accused is a national of a state party, the alleged crime took place on the territory of a state party, or a situation is referred to the court by the United Nations Security Council. The court is designed to complement existing national judicial systems: it can exercise its jurisdiction only when national courts are unwilling or unable to investigate or prosecute such crimes. Primary responsibility to investigate and punish crimes is therefore left to individual states.


To date, the court has opened investigations into four situations: Northern Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic and Darfur. The court has issued public arrest warrants for thirteen people; seven of them remain free, two have died, and four are in custody. The ICC's first trial, of Congolese militia leader Thomas Lubanga, began on 26 January 2009.

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updated Fri. March 15, 2024

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BAMAKO, Mali (AP) — The International Criminal Court says authorities in Mali have handed over a jihadist leader for prosecution on war crimes charges. Al Hassan Ag Abdoul Aziz Ag Mohamed Ag Mahmoud is accused of crimes against humanity allegedly committed in Timbuktu while the town was ...
Should we put a price tag on justice and human dignity? All men are created equal as stated by the U.S. Declaration of Independence. However, this utopian ideal is far from the truth as we can see in the debate over the allocation of funds and time to the International Criminal Court. By creating hierarchies ...

[JURIST] The International Criminal Court (ICC) announced [press release] Saturday that Mr Al Hassan was surrendered to the court's detention center in the Netherlands by Malian authorities. According to the arrest warrant [text, PDF, in French], he is accused of crimes against humanity in Timbuktu, Mali, ...
In a post earlier this week, David Bosco speculated how John Bolton's appointment as national security adviser might affect the Trump administration's reaction if the International Criminal Court opens an investigation into possible U.S. war crimes in Afghanistan and other countries. David quotes from an ...
John Bolton's appointment as national security adviser may have the most dramatic implications for U.S. policy toward North Korea and Iran. But there's another dimension to his elevation that deserves at least some attention. Bolton, who has been a ferocious opponent of the International Criminal Court, ...
The Philippines has given official notification to the United Nations of its intention to withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC). It comes a month after the ICC announced it was opening a preliminary examination into allegations that thousands of extra-judicial killings have taken place as a result ...

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte's recent decision to withdraw the country from the International Criminal Court (ICC) should come as no surprise. The ICC – a court of last resort to try those most responsible for genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity – inevitably runs up against political ...
MANILA (Reuters) - The Philippines has notified the U.N. secretary-general of its decision to withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC), but has assured the United Nations of its commitment to the rule of law. President Rodrigo Duterte is pulling the Philippines out of the ICC after a court prosecutor ...
The Philippines said on Friday it had given official notice to exit the treaty that created the International Criminal Court, which is examining President Rodrigo Duterte's war on drugs. The move comes days after Duterte announced his nation would quit the court over its preliminary inquiry launched last ...
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, whose war on drugs has resulted in the deaths of over 12,000 people allegedly using and dealing drugs, has announced that the country will withdraw from the establishing treaty of the International Criminal Court. 'That's Good,' Philippine President Says, As Drug ...
MANILA — Denouncing what he called efforts to paint him as a “heartless violator of human rights,” President Rodrigo Duterte said on Wednesday that the Philippines was withdrawing from the treaty that established the International Criminal Court. The Hague-based court said last month that it was ...
Rodrigo Duterte is to withdraw the Philippines from the international criminal court after it opened a crimes against humanity investigation into his brutal war on drugs. In a lengthy statement, the Philippines president accused the ICC and the UN of a crusade against him, denouncing what he described as ...
GENEVA (Reuters) - The top United Nations human rights official called on Friday for alleged atrocities committed against the Muslim Rohingya minority in Myanmar to be referred to the International Criminal Court (ICC) for prosecution. Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein, U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, ...
Impunity, weak institutions, and a lack of accountability have prompted more than 1 million Afghans to submit statements on alleged atrocities to the International Criminal Court (ICC), which is still weighing whether to initiate a war crimes investigation. While Haidari, father of seven, recovers in the hospital, ...
MANILA – Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has said there is no chance of him going on trial at the International Criminal Court because “not in a million years” would it have jurisdiction to indict him. The fiery-tempered leader is the subject of a Philippine lawyer's complaint to the ICC accusing him of ...
"The crime against humanity of murder allegedly perpetrated by state actors therefore falls under the jurisdiction and is cognizable by the International Criminal Court, inasmuch as the continuing mass murders occurred after November 1, 2011," he said. The Philippines is the 117th state party to the treaty ...
By Anthony Wesaka. Kampala — Sacked Inspector General of Police, Gen. Kale Kayihura, has been taken to the International Criminal Court (ICC) over crimes against humanity that he allegedly committed along with his men when they forcefully deported a group of Rwandan nationals back to Rwanda.

Fatou Bensouda, the chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), announced that there would be a preliminary examination on extrajudicial killings in the context of police anti-drug operations. This is an important step forward for the many victims, advocates and international supporters who ...
MANILA, Philippines – The International Criminal Court (ICC) is now assessing whether it must launch an investigation into the high number of killings under Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte's violent war on drugs. On February 8, the ICC's Office of the Prosecutor announced it is starting a preliminary ...
KABUL, Afghanistan -- Since the International Criminal Court began collecting material three months ago for a possible war crimes case involving Afghanistan, it has gotten a staggering 1.17 million statements from Afghans who say they were victims. The statements include accounts of alleged atrocities ...
But if May's words mean anything, he should now campaign for Min Aung Hlaing to be called before the international criminal court. Yes, it is the case that particular countries will protest against such action, namely Russia and China. However, Britain should call this out for what it is and take a leadership ...
(CNN) The International Criminal Court is looking into allegations of excessive force and other abuses by Venezuela's government in response to sometimes deadly anti-regime protests, its prosecutor said Thursday. The "preliminary examination" by the Netherlands-based tribunal is the first step toward ...
MANILA — The International Criminal Court said on Thursday that it was opening a preliminary investigation into accusations that President Rodrigo Duterte and other Philippine officials had committed crimes against humanity in the course of the government's deadly crackdown on drugs. Fatou Bensouda ...
The University of the Philippines (UP) and the Integrated Bar of the Philippines hold a forum at UP BGC on the Philippines' withdrawal from the International Criminal Court Tuesday, March 20. Invited guests include Presidential Spokesperson Harry Roque, Chief Presidential Legal Counsel Salvador ...
July 17, 1998 - The Rome Statute is adopted by 120 states, informally establishing the permanent International Criminal Court. Seven members of the UN vote against the statute: the United States, China, Iraq, Israel, Libya, Qatar and Yemen. July 1, 2002 - The Rome Statute enters into force after ratification ...
Philippine police said Thursday they had shot dead 13 drug suspects, just days after President Rodrigo Duterte moved to take the country out of the International Criminal Court over its inquiry into his deadly drug war. The suspects were killed Wednesday in the northern province of Bulacan, an official ...


 

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