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 Republic of Vietnam

Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. With an estimated 94.6 million inhabitants as of 2016, it is the world's 14th-most-populous country, and the ninth-most-populous Asian country. Vietnam is bordered by China to the north, Laos to the northwest, Cambodia to the southwest, Thailand across the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest, and the Philippines, Malaysia and Indonesia across the South China Sea to the east and southeast. Its capital city has been Hanoi since the reunification of North and South Vietnam in 1976, with Ho Chi Minh City as the most populous city.


The northern part of Vietnam was part of Imperial China for over a millennium, from 111 BC to AD 939. An independent Vietnamese state was formed in 939, following a Vietnamese victory in the Battle of Bạch Đằng River. Successive Vietnamese imperial dynasties flourished as the nation expanded geographically and politically into Southeast Asia, until the Indochina Peninsula was colonized by the French in the mid-19th century.


Following a Japanese occupation in the 1940s, the Vietnamese fought French rule in the First Indochina War, eventually expelling the French in 1954. Thereafter, Vietnam was divided politically into two rival states, North Vietnam (officially the Democratic Republic of Vietnam), and South Vietnam (officially the Republic of Vietnam). Conflict between the two sides intensified in what is known as the Vietnam War, with heavy intervention by the United States on the side of South Vietnam from 1965 to 1973. The war ended with a North Vietnamese victory in 1975.


Vietnam was then unified under a Marxist-Leninist government but remained impoverished and politically isolated. In 1986, the government initiated a series of economic and political reforms which began Vietnam's path towards integration into the world economy. By 2000, it had established diplomatic relations with all nations. Since 2000, Vietnam's economic growth rate has been among the highest in the world, and, in 2011, it had the highest Global Growth Generators Index among 11 major economies. Its successful economic reforms resulted in its joining the World Trade Organization in 2007. It is also a member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.

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updated Wed. April 4, 2018

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From March 30 to April 2, Wang Yi, China's foreign minister as well as a member of the State Council, paid an official four-day visit to Vietnam. Officially, Wang was in Vietnam this time mainly to attend the sixth Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Economic Cooperation Leaders' Meeting. But the ... South China Sea

Jakarta: Six Vietnamese rights activists, including a prominent human rights lawyer arrested way back in 2015, will finally appear in the People's Court of Hanoi on Thursday. The six men, including Brotherhood for Democracy co-founder and lawyer Nguyen Van Dai, have been charged with "carrying ... human rights activists
They are unofficially recognized as part of the economy. In Vietnam, sex workers are commonly looked down upon as social evils. Nguyen Xuan Lap, director of the Social Evil Prevention Department at the labor ministry, told reporters last week that: "Prostitution cannot be a job. Not until 2020 at least.". Thailand
Nearly 300 people gathered at Morgan County's first Vietnam Veterans homecoming event at American Legion Post 60 in Berkeley Springs last Thursday, March 29 to show their appreciation for the men and women who served in that war, and remember those who didn't return home from battle. Veterans
Bennett, originally from Burlington, Kansas, returned from 18 months in Vietnam to a nation unhappy with his service in the war. Things were different on Friday, March 30, as members of the American Legion Post 195 in Jay gathered to host the first of several recognition events in 2018. "It's late, but ... Vietnam Veterans

Hillman said Robert wasn't the same brother when he returned home. He coped with his Vietnam experience, married for a short time, but by the mid-1970s "was way out there." Hillman said his brother went to places he knew nothing about and generally only contacted the family when he needed money. Veteran
There are at least 97 prisoners of conscience languishing in jails in Viet Nam, many of whom are kept incommunicado in squalid conditions and routinely subjected to torture or other ill-treatment, new research by Amnesty International reveals today. The organisation is publishing the list on the day ...
When Eugene Buell returned from his serving with the Army in Vietnam, where he spent his time working with helicopters and gun ships and doing "whatever" needed doing, he said that he was more likely to be spat at than thanked for his service. "We didn't get nothing -- nothing but bad stuff," he said ...
It came many years late, but dozens of Vietnam veterans gathered in Anaheim on March 29 to receive the homecoming they felt they had been denied when they returned home from war decades ago. In the Savanna High School auditorium, American veterans stood alongside their South ...
Vietnam Veterans of America Chapter 203 Honor Guard member Denney Miller waits for the Vietnam Veterans Appreciation and Memorial Service to begin at the Chattanooga National Cemetery Friday, March 30, 2018 in Chattanooga, Tenn. The ceremony concluded with the placement of an individual ...
An early part of the ceremony involved the Tuscola Air Force JROTC cadets unfurling the Vietnam War Commemoration Flag and hoisting it below the American flag as the Community Chorus of Haywood County sang the National Anthem. Strubeck also noted that the JROTC cadets looked sharp.
The ceremony was hosted in part by the Daughters of the American Revolution who had previously honored the Vietnam veterans with a homecoming ceremony in 2016. Jessie Smith of DAR explained that they had struggled with the idea of where to put the commemorative flag, but settled on placing it ...
This is the final article in the Vietnam '67 series. To read previous articles, click here. A month ago, I decided to go to my house in Vermont from my home in Canada. The house is near Island Pond, about 25 miles below the Quebec border, in the area called the Northeast Kingdom. The region used to be ...
Tom Gray (left), founder and president of Greater Pennsylvania Military Preservation Association in Altoona, talks with Gary Strayer and Harry Barnes, both veterans and members of VFW Post 4795 in Windber, during Vietnam Era Veterans Recognition Day at 1st Summit Arena @ Cambria County War ...
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund was incorporated on April 27, 1979. And on Nov. 13, 1982, Scruggs, Doubek and other leaders of the memorial effort saw their dreams become reality with the dedication of a memorial that listed the names of thousands of service members who were killed or missing ...
When I first got to Saigon as a journalist, in 1963, I took it for granted that American policy to counter Communist expansion into the southern part of Vietnam was the right thing to do. That was the conventional wisdom from experience in Europe, where the Soviet Union had established satellite countries on ...

The Carl Vinson's visit reminds us that compared to Vietnam's centuries-old efforts to balance against Chinese power, its antagonism with the United States was comparatively short-lived. And Hanoi's desire for deterrent power to manage its strategic uncertainty involves new friends and old foes.
They say Vietnam was the first TV war, and we knew it at the time. Television was in its infancy during my own young years. My dad built one for our living room, his electrical engineering skills honed by developing sophisticated weaponry for aerial bombardment fighting the Japanese in the South Pacific ...
KUALA LUMPUR (March 27): Yinson Holdings Bhd's scheduled work on an FPSO facility for the Ca Rong Do Field Development — Block 07/03 (CRD), located offshore Vietnam, has been temporarily halted due to a force majeure event. In a Bursa filing today, the group said its joint venture company PTSC ...
A Spanish energy company has stopped all ongoing work on a planned offshore natural gas project in waters disputed between Vietnam and China in the South China Sea after a request to do so by Vietnamese state oil firm PetroVietnam. The decision follows Chinese pressure on Vietnam that has been ...
As I have noted before in these pages, Vietnam and Cambodia share an important defense relationship as part of their wider diplomatic ties. Most notably, Vietnam provides the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) with military equipment, infrastructure, and training, while both countries have also ...
For the past two weeks I have seen a much different agriculture in Southeast Asia. From experts such as J.P.Morgan's agricultural advisor in Hong Kong to the U.S. Embassy, and USDA's, I saw and heard the great opportunities for all of us in U.S. agriculture. One theme which did surprise me is that China's ...
While those who served their country in wartime can typically count on coming home to a hero's welcome, many veterans of the Vietnam War say they were ... "We arrived home and were pretty much looked down upon," said Charles Tarr, the Venango County director of Veterans Affairs and a Vietnam War ...
But hope is growing in Vietnam that Washington could rejoin the trade pact in light of Trump's comments in late January that he could "consider negotiating" with remaining TPP members. The U.S. is the Southeast Asian nation's top export market. Vietnam is a party to 16 free trade agreements when those ...
FOND DU LAC – Moraine Park Technical College and Marian University will host two educational presentations from the Vietnam Veterans Association, Chapter 351 of Appleton, on Thursday. The event will feature a panel discussion with several Vietnam veterans. The group will discuss the own personal ...
Was America's war in Vietnam a noble struggle against Communist aggression, a tragic intervention in a civil conflict, or an imperialist counterrevolution to crush a movement of national liberation? Those competing interpretations ignited fiery debates in the 1960s and remain unresolved today. How we ...
Vietnam skirmishes continue to dominate front-page headlines. On March 18, the South Vietnamese fought off another attack in Khe Sanh and allied troops tore through Saigon. President Lyndon B. Johnson sent another 35,000 troops to join them. The Canton Police Department has 19 new cadets, ...
Trading house Sumitomo Corporation is helping Japanese firms that want to set up shop in the fast-growing economy of Vietnam. The company has opened an office in northern Vietnam where an industrial complex will open later this year. Staff will consult with Japanese firms about local tax incentives and ...
It was reported that Vietnam halted the oil drilling project in the Red Emperor block off its southeastern coast licensed to Spanish energy firm Repsol following ... Red Emperor, known in Vietnamese as the Ca Rong Do field, is part of Block 07/03 in the Nam Con Son basin, 440 km off the coast of Vietnam's ...
Hovering U.S. Army helicopters pour machine gun fire into the tree line to cover the advance of South Vietnamese ground troops in an attack on a Viet Cong camp 18 miles north of Tay Ninh, northwest of Saigon near the Cambodian border, in March 1965 during the Vietnam War. (AP Photo/Horst Faas).
A third casualty of the war in Vietnam is the Great Society. This confused war has played havoc with our domestic destinies. Despite feeble protestations to the contrary, the promises of the Great Society have been shot down on the battlefield of Viet Nam. The pursuit of this widened war has narrowed domestic welfare ...
To mark Vietnam War Veterans Day, Patriots Point Naval and Maritime Museum is offering free admission to Vietnam veterans and their immediate families Thursday. Vietnam veterans will be presented with an official Department of Defense Vietnam veteran lapel pin. Inside the Vietnam Experience exhibit, ...
Vietnam has cancelled a major oil project in the South China Sea for the second time in a year, in the wake of Chinese pressure, the BBC has learned. State-owned PetroVietnam ordered Spanish energy firm Repsol to suspend a project off the south-east coast, a well-placed industry source said. It means ...
In Vietnam, the government agencies overseeing IP protection enforcement include the Ministry of Science and Technology Inspectorate, Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism Inspectorate, Ministry of Industry and Trade's Market Management Bureau, Ministry of Public Security's Economic Police, Ministry ...
A joint effort by border defense forces from Vietnam and Laos ended in a massive drug bust along a multinational route near the border of the two countries last Sunday. Quang Tri Province's Defense Force said on Monday they had arrested five Lao nationals over the border in Salavan Province and seized ...
The table where former U.S. president Barack Obama famously slurped noodles in downtown Hanoi has been preserved -- chopsticks and all -- under a glass box for eternity, in a move that has attracted legions of bemused diners to the once low-key eatery. Bun Cha Huong Lien restaurant, since dubbed ...
Renewable energy in Vietnam is becoming popular with Thai investors thanks to the government there offering high adder rates (the rate state utilities pay operators) of 9.35 cents, says the Thailand-Vietnam Business Council. Montri Mahalerkpong, vice-chairman of the council, said the Vietnam ...
One of the expected but nonetheless significant developments amid the flurry of activity tied to the ASEAN-Australia summit that took place this weekend was the official inking of a new Vietnam-Australia strategic partnership on March 15. Though this is just a single event within the broader history of ties, ...
Ray Palmer of Orange organized a photo exhibit by his friend and fellow Delta Company veteran, the late Earl Van Alstine, a combat journalist and photographer who chronicled the experiences of his platoon during the Vietnam War. The exhibit is on display at The Arts Center In Orange through the end of ...
Army UH-1D Iroquois helicopters airlift members of the 2nd Battalion, 14th Infantry Regiment from the Fihol Rubber Plantation to a new staging area during Operation Wahiawa, a search-and-destroy mission conducted by the 25th Infantry Division northeast of Cu Chi, Vietnam. (Sgt. 1st Class James K.F. ...
A memorial honoring Marines and sailors who died during the Vietnam War and were part of the “Fighting Fifth” Marine Regiment will begin its cross-country journey Thursday, March 22, when it departs from Rock of Ages foundry in Vermont en route to the 5th Marine Regiment Memorial Garden at Camp ...
While it had been nearly 50 years since the last American planes riddled the countryside near Danang in central Vietnam, craters still pockmark the land. Some of the deep depressions remain dry while others, a testament to the ingenuity of the villagers, serve as watering holes for the oxen that farmers ...
The 50th Anniversary of the Vietnam War will be commemorated on Thursday, March 29 at 9 a.m. in front of the Haywood County Courthouse. The Hugh Rogers Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) will host the event. Following the ceremony, a reception for Vietnam Veterans and ...
BROKEN ARROW — Seven Broken Arrow High School alumni who were killed in action while serving in Vietnam will be honored on Thursday as part of the annual Vietnam Veterans Recognition ... Collins, a Navy veteran of the Vietnam era, grew up in Broken Arrow and knew six of the seven personally.
Have you seen this photo of Stephen Hawking protesting the Vietnam War in 1968? It's a powerful image, but it's not actually Hawking. Gizmodo has confirmed with the National Portrait Gallery in London that it doesn't actually know who the bespectacled man with canes might be.
Last week, the U.S. aircraft carrier Carl Vinson pulled into Vietnam's port of Danang, the first visit by a U.S. aircraft carrier since the end of the two countries' conflict in 1975. The historic visit is a milestone in deepening military ties between the former adversaries as China works to solidify its claims and ...
Vietnam and Australia are set to ramp up diplomatic ties ahead of a special summit of South East Asian leaders. Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc touched down in Canberra on Wednesday afternoon. He's the first South East Asian leader to arrive ahead of the Australian-Association of South ...
The Francois Godfroy Chapter National Society Daughters of the American Revolution and the Montpelier American Legion Post 156 and the Legion Auxiliary will host the third annual Vietnam Era Veterans Commemorative 50th Anniversary Breakfast from 8:30 to 10:30 a.m. March 29 at the American ...
A table where former US President Barack Obama ate with chef Anthony Bourdain on an official trip to Vietnam two years ago has gone on display. The table, complete with dinner set and empty beer bottles, has been encased in glass. The owners of the Hanoi street food restaurant where the two men ate ...


 

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