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 history of Nepal

Buddhist and Brahmanic Hindu versions of Newar legends dominate the early history of Nepal. The ancient Indian classics contain references to the Nepal valley and lower hill areas. During the 3rd century BC, the emperor of India, Ashoka, supposedly visited Nepal.



During the Licchavi dynasty in the 4th or 5th century AD, commerce through the Himalayan passes transformed the isolated Nepal Valley into an intellectual and cultural canter. In the mid-7th century contact with China was initiated as the two countries exchanged missions. The Malla dynasty ruled Nepal between the 10th and 18th century. Yaksa Malla (reigned c.1429-82) divided the kingdom into three independent principalities, which by the 16th century were ruled by independent dynasties.



In 1769 the Gurkhas, led by Prithvi Narayan Shah, conquered the Nepal Valley. He moved the capital to Kathmandu, providing the foundation for modern Nepal.



From 1775 to 1951 Nepali politics were characterized by conflict between the royal family and several noble families. Often the Shah rulers were relegated to honorary positions, while the political power was concentrated within a dominant noble family.



The British conquest of India forced the Nepali rulers to seek an accommodation with the British to preserve their independence. In 1860 an agreement was reached that permitted the recruitment of Nepalis for service in the British Indian Army.



In 1950 Nepalis living in India formed an alliance with members of the royal family to oust the Rana regime, the dominant noble family since 1846. With support from the Indian government at New Delhi, royal Nepali sovereignty was restored, and revolutionary forces gained a position in the administration.



A constitution was approved in 1959, and parliamentary elections were held. Controversy arose between crown and Cabinet in 1960, and King Mahendra dismissed the congress and imprisoned many members. In 1962 a new constitution was promulgated giving the crown much greater authority. Though the country was then nominally a constitutional monarchy, the king for many years exercised autocratic control over the country's multitiered system of panchayats, or councils, which extended from the village to the national level. The king was able to dominate the Council of Ministers and much of the National Assembly without opposition because political parties were banned under the constitution. In 1972 King Mahendra died and was succeeded by his son Birendra. King Birendra continued the nonparty political system established by his father. In 1990 a series of demonstrations and protests over the king's autocratic rule forced him to lift the ban on political parties and to accept a new cabinet composed largely of opposition political figures. That year a new constitution was also approved that provided for a multiparty democracy and a bicameral parliament.

Buddhist and Brahmanic Hindu versions of Newar legends dominate the early history of Nepal. The ancient Indian classics contain references to the Nepal valley and lower hill areas. During the 3rd century BC, the emperor of India, Ashoka, supposedly visited Nepal.

During the Licchavi dynasty in the 4th or 5th century AD, commerce through the Himalayan passes transformed the isolated Nepal Valley into an intellectual and cultural canter. In the mid-7th century contact with China was initiated as the two countries exchanged missions. The Malla dynasty ruled Nepal between the 10th and 18th century. Yaksa Malla (reigned c.1429-82) divided the kingdom into three independent principalities, which by the 16th century were ruled by independent dynasties.

In 1769 the Gurkhas, led by Prithvi Narayan Shah, conquered the Nepal Valley. He moved the capital to Kathmandu, providing the foundation for modern Nepal.

From 1775 to 1951 Nepali politics were characterized by conflict between the royal family and several noble families. Often the Shah rulers were relegated to honorary positions, while the political power was concentrated within a dominant noble family.

The British conquest of India forced the Nepali rulers to seek an accommodation with the British to preserve their independence. In 1860 an agreement was reached that permitted the recruitment of Nepalis for service in the British Indian Army.

In 1950 Nepalis living in India formed an alliance with members of the royal family to oust the Rana regime, the dominant noble family since 1846. With support from the Indian government at New Delhi, royal Nepali sovereignty was restored, and revolutionary forces gained a position in the administration.

A constitution was approved in 1959, and parliamentary elections were held. Controversy arose between crown and Cabinet in 1960, and King Mahendra dismissed the congress and imprisoned many members. In 1962 a new constitution was promulgated giving the crown much greater authority. Though the country was then nominally a constitutional monarchy, the king for many years exercised autocratic control over the country's multitiered system of panchayats, or councils, which extended from the village to the national level. The king was able to dominate the Council of Ministers and much of the National Assembly without opposition because political parties were banned under the constitution. In 1972 King Mahendra died and was succeeded by his son Birendra. King Birendra continued the nonparty political system established by his father. In 1990 a series of demonstrations and protests over the king's autocratic rule forced him to lift the ban on political parties and to accept a new cabinet composed largely of opposition political figures. That year a new constitution was also approved that provided for a multiparty democracy and a bicameral parliament.

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updated Thu. May 19, 2022

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It has been three years since a magnitude of 7.9 earthquake hit Nepal and killed nearly 9,000 and injured around twenty thousand people. Nepal ... India, many countries from Europe, America and SAARC nations have pledged to reconstruct the heritage sites, depicting ancient culture and history of Nepal.
They decided to produce and sell around 12,000 bottles as a special spring season beer. But what to call it? After a weekend spent doing research on Nepal, Weber settled on the former king Birendra Bir Bikram Shah. “I thought he was an important figure in Nepalese history. I was worried he might have a ...

For centuries, this short, inwardly curved blade has been a traditional tool and weapon in Nepal. Europeans first became fascinated with the kukri in the early 1800s, when the forces of the British East India Company clashed with Nepalese Gurkha warriors in a bloody war. The locals' prowess with the ...
Wang Qishan expressed that China and Nepal enjoy a long-standing history of exchanges, and are good neighbors and good friends that stand the test of history. Under the joint guidance of ... for its consistent support and assistance. The new Nepalese government will firmly uphold the one-China policy.
Apr 24, 2018-Nepal Picture Library, an archive set up by photo.circle, is organising three reading seminars pertaining to the various aspects of archiving and historical memory and their relations to gender and feminist thought and practice. photo.circle also recently launched the Feminist Memory Project, which will collect ...
Apr 24, 2018-Nepal's 2017-18 grain harvest is expected to hit a record high despite a projected fall in paddy output. According to the latest statistics of the Ministry of Agricultural Development, the country's paddy, maize, wheat, millet, buckwheat and barley output is projected to grow 2.43 percent to 10 million tonnes this ...

An above-normal monsoon recorded in the last fiscal year helped Nepal secure the biggest paddy harvest in history. Paddy output, in the fiscal year 2016-17, jumped 21.66 percent to all-time high of 5.23 million tonnes, bucking the trend of two consecutive years of falling harvests triggered by drought.
Having said that, Nepal's history with railways goes back before the 1920s, when the Amlekhganj-Raxaul railway was initiated. ... Historian Perceval Landon wrote in 1928, 'For any long distance, it is now easier and quicker and, it may be added, cheaper for a Nepalese to make his way either to one of the ...
It is thus important to understand the complex and conflictual history of this project and the futility of the riparian countries hoping of an early completion of it. Dam trouble. The origin of the Pancheshwar Dam trouble goes back to when India's colonial rulers had signed the Sarada Treaty with Nepal in 1920.
Considering this along with the new government's Beijing-friendly stance, India can no longer afford to take for granted its historical ties to, and influence over, Nepal. This is especially true because China has positioned itself to take advantage of Nepalese frustration with Indian influence. However, the Left ...

India has a very long history of participation in the development of Nepal. I have assured prime minister Oli ji that India will continue to cooperate with them in their efforts of Nepal's economic development and prosperity. As always, this cooperation in the future also will be based on the priorities and ...
Maintaining balanced and cordial relations with India and China are the top priorities of Nepalese foreign policy. Nepal does not seek benefits from one neighbour at the cost of the other. Nepal's relationship with both India and China are deeply rooted in history. Due to the open border as well as cultural ...
All are Nepalese and used to target houses after keeping watch for a month. In some cases, they joined as domestic helps in the house. The accused were arrested on March 21. “Even after the crime, Kisan continued to work in the same house. They are history-sheeters and they have committed crimes in ...
Cricket has an interesting history in Nepal. It was introduced here at the start of the 20th century by the Rana rulers who liked to style themselves after 'English gentlemen'. But it did not become a popular sport until the 1951 political change, when the monarch and political parties wrested power from the autocratic Ranas.
After beating Papua New Guinea by six wickets at the ICC Cricket World Cup Qualifier play-off in Harare, Nepal will now take on the Netherlands in the seventh-place play-off on Saturday knowing the third ODI spot is confirmed. Nepal's rise up the cricketing ranks is even more spectacular due to the fact ...
Lawyers said it was possible that a forgery or corruption case would be filed against Mr. Parajuli, who has a long history working in Nepal's judiciary. Indeed, the dispute has already triggered legal action. After Kantipur Publications, one of Nepal's largest media companies, published an article about the ...
It is the worst aviation disaster to hit Nepal in years. The Himalayan nation has a chequered history when it comes to air safety, with more than 70 crashes involving planes and helicopters since 1949, the year the first aircraft landed there. Most accidents have been attributed to bad weather, inexperienced ...
Independent India, like the British Raj before it, has a long history of meddling in Nepalese affairs, often to constrain the far left. No wonder Nepal's Communists seize on insults to their country's sovereignty. (This week they scolded the EU for finding fault with its electoral system; “Nepal,” the prime minister ...
Anopheles minimus was a central actor in these stories. It carried the country's most dangerous malaria and its susceptibility to chemical spraying hastened the decline of the disease. Had this little mosquito possessed different habits, Nepal's history would have unfolded very differently: malaria would have ...


 

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