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 history of Nepal

Buddhist and Brahmanic Hindu versions of Newar legends dominate the early history of Nepal. The ancient Indian classics contain references to the Nepal valley and lower hill areas. During the 3rd century BC, the emperor of India, Ashoka, supposedly visited Nepal.



During the Licchavi dynasty in the 4th or 5th century AD, commerce through the Himalayan passes transformed the isolated Nepal Valley into an intellectual and cultural canter. In the mid-7th century contact with China was initiated as the two countries exchanged missions. The Malla dynasty ruled Nepal between the 10th and 18th century. Yaksa Malla (reigned c.1429-82) divided the kingdom into three independent principalities, which by the 16th century were ruled by independent dynasties.



In 1769 the Gurkhas, led by Prithvi Narayan Shah, conquered the Nepal Valley. He moved the capital to Kathmandu, providing the foundation for modern Nepal.



From 1775 to 1951 Nepali politics were characterized by conflict between the royal family and several noble families. Often the Shah rulers were relegated to honorary positions, while the political power was concentrated within a dominant noble family.



The British conquest of India forced the Nepali rulers to seek an accommodation with the British to preserve their independence. In 1860 an agreement was reached that permitted the recruitment of Nepalis for service in the British Indian Army.



In 1950 Nepalis living in India formed an alliance with members of the royal family to oust the Rana regime, the dominant noble family since 1846. With support from the Indian government at New Delhi, royal Nepali sovereignty was restored, and revolutionary forces gained a position in the administration.



A constitution was approved in 1959, and parliamentary elections were held. Controversy arose between crown and Cabinet in 1960, and King Mahendra dismissed the congress and imprisoned many members. In 1962 a new constitution was promulgated giving the crown much greater authority. Though the country was then nominally a constitutional monarchy, the king for many years exercised autocratic control over the country's multitiered system of panchayats, or councils, which extended from the village to the national level. The king was able to dominate the Council of Ministers and much of the National Assembly without opposition because political parties were banned under the constitution. In 1972 King Mahendra died and was succeeded by his son Birendra. King Birendra continued the nonparty political system established by his father. In 1990 a series of demonstrations and protests over the king's autocratic rule forced him to lift the ban on political parties and to accept a new cabinet composed largely of opposition political figures. That year a new constitution was also approved that provided for a multiparty democracy and a bicameral parliament.

Buddhist and Brahmanic Hindu versions of Newar legends dominate the early history of Nepal. The ancient Indian classics contain references to the Nepal valley and lower hill areas. During the 3rd century BC, the emperor of India, Ashoka, supposedly visited Nepal.

During the Licchavi dynasty in the 4th or 5th century AD, commerce through the Himalayan passes transformed the isolated Nepal Valley into an intellectual and cultural canter. In the mid-7th century contact with China was initiated as the two countries exchanged missions. The Malla dynasty ruled Nepal between the 10th and 18th century. Yaksa Malla (reigned c.1429-82) divided the kingdom into three independent principalities, which by the 16th century were ruled by independent dynasties.

In 1769 the Gurkhas, led by Prithvi Narayan Shah, conquered the Nepal Valley. He moved the capital to Kathmandu, providing the foundation for modern Nepal.

From 1775 to 1951 Nepali politics were characterized by conflict between the royal family and several noble families. Often the Shah rulers were relegated to honorary positions, while the political power was concentrated within a dominant noble family.

The British conquest of India forced the Nepali rulers to seek an accommodation with the British to preserve their independence. In 1860 an agreement was reached that permitted the recruitment of Nepalis for service in the British Indian Army.

In 1950 Nepalis living in India formed an alliance with members of the royal family to oust the Rana regime, the dominant noble family since 1846. With support from the Indian government at New Delhi, royal Nepali sovereignty was restored, and revolutionary forces gained a position in the administration.

A constitution was approved in 1959, and parliamentary elections were held. Controversy arose between crown and Cabinet in 1960, and King Mahendra dismissed the congress and imprisoned many members. In 1962 a new constitution was promulgated giving the crown much greater authority. Though the country was then nominally a constitutional monarchy, the king for many years exercised autocratic control over the country's multitiered system of panchayats, or councils, which extended from the village to the national level. The king was able to dominate the Council of Ministers and much of the National Assembly without opposition because political parties were banned under the constitution. In 1972 King Mahendra died and was succeeded by his son Birendra. King Birendra continued the nonparty political system established by his father. In 1990 a series of demonstrations and protests over the king's autocratic rule forced him to lift the ban on political parties and to accept a new cabinet composed largely of opposition political figures. That year a new constitution was also approved that provided for a multiparty democracy and a bicameral parliament.

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updated Mon. April 30, 2018

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It has been three years since a magnitude of 7.9 earthquake hit Nepal and killed nearly 9,000 and injured around twenty thousand people. Nepal ... India, many countries from Europe, America and SAARC nations have pledged to reconstruct the heritage sites, depicting ancient culture and history of Nepal.
They decided to produce and sell around 12,000 bottles as a special spring season beer. But what to call it? After a weekend spent doing research on Nepal, Weber settled on the former king Birendra Bir Bikram Shah. “I thought he was an important figure in Nepalese history. I was worried he might have a ...

For centuries, this short, inwardly curved blade has been a traditional tool and weapon in Nepal. Europeans first became fascinated with the kukri in the early 1800s, when the forces of the British East India Company clashed with Nepalese Gurkha warriors in a bloody war. The locals' prowess with the ...
Wang Qishan expressed that China and Nepal enjoy a long-standing history of exchanges, and are good neighbors and good friends that stand the test of history. Under the joint guidance of ... for its consistent support and assistance. The new Nepalese government will firmly uphold the one-China policy.
Apr 24, 2018-Nepal Picture Library, an archive set up by photo.circle, is organising three reading seminars pertaining to the various aspects of archiving and historical memory and their relations to gender and feminist thought and practice. photo.circle also recently launched the Feminist Memory Project, which will collect ...
Apr 24, 2018-Nepal's 2017-18 grain harvest is expected to hit a record high despite a projected fall in paddy output. According to the latest statistics of the Ministry of Agricultural Development, the country's paddy, maize, wheat, millet, buckwheat and barley output is projected to grow 2.43 percent to 10 million tonnes this ...

An above-normal monsoon recorded in the last fiscal year helped Nepal secure the biggest paddy harvest in history. Paddy output, in the fiscal year 2016-17, jumped 21.66 percent to all-time high of 5.23 million tonnes, bucking the trend of two consecutive years of falling harvests triggered by drought.
Having said that, Nepal's history with railways goes back before the 1920s, when the Amlekhganj-Raxaul railway was initiated. ... Historian Perceval Landon wrote in 1928, 'For any long distance, it is now easier and quicker and, it may be added, cheaper for a Nepalese to make his way either to one of the ...
It is thus important to understand the complex and conflictual history of this project and the futility of the riparian countries hoping of an early completion of it. Dam trouble. The origin of the Pancheshwar Dam trouble goes back to when India's colonial rulers had signed the Sarada Treaty with Nepal in 1920.
Considering this along with the new government's Beijing-friendly stance, India can no longer afford to take for granted its historical ties to, and influence over, Nepal. This is especially true because China has positioned itself to take advantage of Nepalese frustration with Indian influence. However, the Left ...
India has a very long history of participation in the development of Nepal. I have assured prime minister Oli ji that India will continue to cooperate with them in their efforts of Nepal's economic development and prosperity. As always, this cooperation in the future also will be based on the priorities and ...
Maintaining balanced and cordial relations with India and China are the top priorities of Nepalese foreign policy. Nepal does not seek benefits from one neighbour at the cost of the other. Nepal's relationship with both India and China are deeply rooted in history. Due to the open border as well as cultural ...
All are Nepalese and used to target houses after keeping watch for a month. In some cases, they joined as domestic helps in the house. The accused were arrested on March 21. “Even after the crime, Kisan continued to work in the same house. They are history-sheeters and they have committed crimes in ...
Cricket has an interesting history in Nepal. It was introduced here at the start of the 20th century by the Rana rulers who liked to style themselves after 'English gentlemen'. But it did not become a popular sport until the 1951 political change, when the monarch and political parties wrested power from the autocratic Ranas.
After beating Papua New Guinea by six wickets at the ICC Cricket World Cup Qualifier play-off in Harare, Nepal will now take on the Netherlands in the seventh-place play-off on Saturday knowing the third ODI spot is confirmed. Nepal's rise up the cricketing ranks is even more spectacular due to the fact ...
Lawyers said it was possible that a forgery or corruption case would be filed against Mr. Parajuli, who has a long history working in Nepal's judiciary. Indeed, the dispute has already triggered legal action. After Kantipur Publications, one of Nepal's largest media companies, published an article about the ...
It is the worst aviation disaster to hit Nepal in years. The Himalayan nation has a chequered history when it comes to air safety, with more than 70 crashes involving planes and helicopters since 1949, the year the first aircraft landed there. Most accidents have been attributed to bad weather, inexperienced ...

Independent India, like the British Raj before it, has a long history of meddling in Nepalese affairs, often to constrain the far left. No wonder Nepal's Communists seize on insults to their country's sovereignty. (This week they scolded the EU for finding fault with its electoral system; “Nepal,” the prime minister ...
Anopheles minimus was a central actor in these stories. It carried the country's most dangerous malaria and its susceptibility to chemical spraying hastened the decline of the disease. Had this little mosquito possessed different habits, Nepal's history would have unfolded very differently: malaria would have ...
And what are the histories, or history, a nation should possess? If we look at the decision to choose Prithvi Narayan Shah's anniversary as a 'national unity day', it would suggest Nepal defines itself solely by the political boundaries created in the aftermath of a treaty with a superior force, and not by the ...
The Himalayan historian Mikel Dunham was looking through her shelves one day and realised just how invaluable the files were as a blow-by-blow account of Nepal's post-1960 history. With Lisa Choegyal, Dunham transcribed the The Hawley Files and brought it out in two hefty volumes of the book The ...
Photography studios in Nepal use aspirational backdrops, such as an idealised landscape, to allow people to shed their day-to-day identities and ... and the political imagination in nine countries with a history of political conflict – Bangladesh, Cambodia, Greece, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, North India, ...
FREMONT - The stories of Bhutanese-Nepali immigrants will be told through photos in an upcoming exhibit at the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Library and Museums, providing a look at the Southwest Asian groups' long journey to Ohio. “Bhutanese-Nepali Neighbors: Photographs by Tariq Tarey,” ...
He said that around 32,000 Nepalese Grokha soldiers serving in Indian Army and there are 90,000 Indian Army pensioners in Nepal. Ambassador Puri said that these people are contributing in nation building by gainfully utilizing the skills acquired during the course of their service in the Indian Army.
A Nepali woman shows her inked thumb after casting her ballot during the third phase of the Nepalese local elections at a polling station at Birgunj Parsa ... influence over Nepal—has set a historical precedent in a country that has, for better or worse, been interlinked with New Delhi's politics for decades.
Host South Korea is well prepared should North Korea decide to take part in the Pyeongchang Winter Olympics, with a cruise ship ready to transport and accommodate its athletes, organisers said Wednesday. Lee Hee-Beom, head of the 2018 Olympic organising committee, said they had long been ...
The entertainment giant — which owns live-action and animation divisions as well as Pixar, Marvel and “Star Wars” producer Lucasfilm — added that its $6.5 billion global total for 2017 had given the company its second biggest year ever and the third largest in history. It is the second consecutive year ...
Nepal's best performance in blind cricket history is their victory over South Africa and New Zealand in the 2017 Twenty20 World Cup for Blind in India. It will be Nepal's third appearance in the global cricketing event of the visually impaired players. Nepal had also participated in the 2012 Twenty20 World ...
Coachella, whose promoters are fond of splashy headliners, is also the first full concert on the books for Eminem since the top-selling rapper in history released his latest album, “Revival,” last month. The Weeknd, the Toronto R&B singer whose profile has quickly grown in the past few years with hits such ...
It is apparent that Lyme disease is emerging, and probably widespread but extremely overlooked tick-borne disease, particularly in rural areas of Nepal. Nearly half a dozen, who visited to our hospital after being bitten by ticks, had a history of travel to rural areas. If you are living in or recently visited to rural ...
Then Nepalese prime minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal signed the Memorandum of Understanding on the framework agreement on the Belt and Road initiative with China on May 12. ... 2018 must be the best year in the history of Nepal's foreign policy vis-a-vis our policy toward India and China. Nepal and ...
Dec 31, 2017-On July 16, the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) filed cases against three members of the Tax Settlement Commission (TSC) at the Special Court on the charge of embezzling Rs10.02 billion in what is the biggest corruption case in Nepal's history. The anti-graft watchdog has ...
Rarer still is the commentator who will argue that it is the single-minded emphasis on politics and security that have soured ties between the two nations. For, across much of modern history, if there is one constant in Indo-Nepal ties, it is a narrative of unwanted intrigue. This narrative has been honed to the ...
We're honored to be a part of this important moment in Nepal's history." In September, The Carter Center was accredited to observe the elections by the Election Commission of Nepal. The Center began deploying its core team of five experts in October and 14 long-term observers in November. The team ...
19, World Animal Protection, the Jane Goodall Institute and the Nepali Police all worked together to rescue the last of Nepal's so-called “dancing bears.” For years, people in Nepal have captured ... Now it appears this despicable chapter in the history of animal entertainment is over. The joint rescue effort in ...
... Afrikaan nationalism, in Nepal Hindu monarchists are trying to roll back history. ... And just like in Nepal, the media is one of the few institutions still relatively independent. .... AJ Joshi: An article that all Nepalese must read.
... Centre leader Ram Bahadur Thapa said that the unification of the communist parties in Nepal is taken as a vital incident in Nepal's history.
Laos' Souphaphone Somvichith, Cambodia's By Sotheary, and Nepal's Nagma Shrestha make history by repping their countries in Miss ...
This year, Nepal held local elections for the first time in two decades. ... “They're a huge milestone in the country's history,” Bhojraj Pokharel, the ...
It was just a local rumor in a remote Himalayan village. Now it's a history lesson for children across Nepal. I doubt if an entry in grade 10 English ...
The Nepalese president was shown around the tomb of the late ... architecture and the history of the mosque, which plays an important role in ...
Nov 12, 2017-Dipendra Singh Airee shone with both bat and ball as Nepal defeated cricketing powerhouse India for the first time in its cricketing history on ...
THE people of Nepal are said to be a stoical lot. ... an acerbic columnist, describes as “history on steroids”, during which Nepal's 29m people ... called policy,” says one Nepalese analyst, mentioning two “communist” parties.
... in a bid to discourage the youngest Olympian in the history of the sport ... Likewise, in Nepal Karishma Karki had secured 12 gold medals in ...
Nepal is one of the very few countries in the world that has failed to learn any lessons from her history of disaster and her unpreparedness for ...
22 on reached people's groups in of the nepalese Himalayan area. ... 18 year history in Nepal is absolutely fascinating on the U didn't start out ...
Nepal and India need to enhance connectivity and bring the two sides ... culture, history and geography both sides have actively undermined in ...
We are well on the way to having the highest number of visitors in history,” said Deepak Raj Joshi, chief executive officer at the Nepal Tourism ...
External Minister Sushma Swaraj, who is in Nepal for the BIMSTEC 2017 ... in Kathmandu on Friday said in the 70 years of democratic history, ...
A political and historical documentary titled Hijacking for Democracy was screened at the Nepal Tourism Board Hall in Bhrikutimandap on ...


 

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