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 Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier

Hazelwood School District et al. v. Kuhlmeier et al., 484 U.S. 260 (1988) was a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of the United States, which held that public school curricular student newspapers that have not been established as forums for student expression are subject to a lower level of First Amendment protection than independent student expression or newspapers established (by policy or practice) as forums for student expression.


The case was found in favor of Hazelwood School District, overruling a Court of Appeals reversal of a District Court ruling. There were 5 votes for Hazelwood, and 3 against. The justices believed that the censorship did not violate the student's First Amendment rights of free speech.

Cathy Kuhlmeier
Cathy Kuhlmeier
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updated Mon. February 18, 2019

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... citing the U.S. Supreme Court case Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier that said the First Amendment rights of student journalists are not violated when ...
Des Moines (1969) which allowed symbolic protests as long as they do not disrupt educational processes; Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier (1988) ...

It would also undo the precedent set by the Supreme Court in the Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier case in 1988. At the end of the Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier case, it was decided that the students' First Amendment right was not violated when the school's principal prevented the publication of articles on teen ...
The limited First Amendment rights of public school students were made clearer by later court decisions about student dress codes, student language, and school newspapers. In 1988, the Court said in Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier that public high school officials could censor a student newspaper if needed.
If it does make it all the way, Washington would become the last state on the West Coast to pass an “anti-Hazelwood” law, a reference to a 1988 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, which makes it legal for school administrators to censor content in school newspapers and other ...
The bill ensures First Amendment protections for student journalists to be free from school censorship, something that was muddied in 1988 after the Supreme Court's Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier decision. Kathy Schrier, the executive director of the Washington Journalism Education Association, said the vote ...

If it does make it all the way, Washington would become the last state on the West Coast to pass an “anti-Hazelwood” law, a reference to a 1988 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, which makes it legal for school administrators to censor content in school newspapers and other ...
If the bill makes it all the way to the governor's desk, and he signs it, Washington would become the last state on the West Coast to pass an “anti-Hazelwood” law, a reference to a 1988 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, which makes it legal for school administrators to censor content in ...
If it does make it all the way, Washington would become the last state on the West Coast to pass an “anti-Hazelwood” law, a reference to a 1988 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, which makes it legal for school administrators to censor content in school newspapers and other ...
“If ever there's a place where democracy should be practiced and celebrated, it seems it should be our colleges and universities which are training grounds for active citizenship,” Tinker said. In 1988 the case of Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier dictated that the schools administration could censor students at will.
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier weakened a decision rendered in the late 1960s regarding student rights. In Tinker v. Des Moines, the Supreme Court ruled 7-2 that students do not “shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate.” In essence, two opinions contradicted ...
“In my own personal research I found some other things,” she said, including Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier. While that 1988 U.S. Supreme Court case ruled in favor of school administrators who censored stories in a student newspaper, Edgington found some points that contributed to her argument. “They want ...
During the 2017 Legislature, lawmakers in bipartisan fashion from both the Nevada Assembly and Senate passed Senate Bill 420. This New Voices legislation, which has been passed and adopted in more than one dozen states including Nevada, provides relief from one of the worst decisions the U.S. ...
He cited Tinker and the 1988 case Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier as the two U.S. Supreme Court cases that guide whether speech at schools is constitutionally protected. The Hazelwood decision, which involved a student newspaper, found that school officials could limit student speech if it occurred during a ...
Unfortunately, Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier is still the federal legal precedent when it comes to student journalism. This poses many issues when it dictates that students are not allowed to practice journalism the way professionals do. So why should we care that students aren't allowed to practice authentic ...
It will essentially overturn the decision of the 1988 Supreme Court decision of Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, which condoned the censorship of high school newspapers by school officials. Northwest Assistant Media Professor Instructor Kyle Miller feels strongly about protecting the first amendment rights of ...
The event included Facebook Lives with the likes of student press advocates Mary Beth Tinker and Cathy Kuhlmeier Frey, a webinar on the history of the Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier decision and a ton of great photos, videos and messages from students on what getting rid of school censorship would mean to ...

Ed Clere, R-New Albany, to dial back strong censorship practices some school administrators have incorporated since the 1988 Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier decision,” wrote Diana Hadley, executive director of the Indiana High School Press Association, in a column we published during last year's legislative ...
In Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, the justices overturned a lower court ruling stating "the principal's actions did not violate the students' free speech rights." Because the school sponsored the newspaper, and many school districts consider the principal as publisher, the court said Hazelwood East High School ...
While the administration may have the legal right to censor the student news site because of the Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier Supreme Court decision, such action ...
This month marks the 30th anniversary of a deeply flawed Supreme Court decision, Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, that stripped high school students ...
This month marks the 30th anniversary of a deeply flawed Supreme Court decision, Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, that stripped high school students of press freedom rights. A 5-3 majority ruled that administrators, not student editors, control the content in school-sponsored publications. The watershed case ...
... to make a change with the school paper and not just write about school proms, football games and piddling stuff. I don't think the administration wanted anyone to know that there were problems in the schools or allow us to tackle issues that had some relevance to the students." Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier.
I don't think the administration wanted anyone to know that there were problems in the schools or allow us to tackle issues that had some relevance to the students." Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier. More… Thu, Jan 14, 1988 • St. Louis Post-Dispatch • St. Louis Post Dispatch. St. Louis, Missouri Thu, Jan 14, 1988 ...
As a junior at Hazelwood East High School, in St. Louis County, Cathy Kuhlmeier received good grades, was a good pupil and tended to stay out of trouble. Kuhlmeier had an eye for news. As one of the editors for the school's paper, The Spectrum, Kuhlmeier felt an obligation to share the news with her ...
Robert “Bob” Baine Jr., the local attorney who famously represented the Hazelwood School District in a landmark First Amendment case before the U.S. Supreme Court, died Monday (July 31, 2017) at 85. Mr. Baine was on the winning side in the 1988 case of Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier. The court ruled 5-3 ...
This year, 2018, marks 30 years since the Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier decision was handed down by the U.S. Supreme Court. The SPLC is leading the call throughout the year to raise awareness about the Hazelwood decision, publicize its destructive legacy and focus on the need for New Voices legislation to ...
Fraser (1986), the Court said a public high school student couldn't use sexually explicit language at an assembly, while in Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier (1988) said that public high school officials could censor a student newspaper if needed. Generally, all of those decisions dealt with actions taken by students ...
Roughly five years later, the Supreme Court ruled in the school's favor. The landmark January 1988 decision in Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier was a giant step back for student press and speech rights. Unlike an earlier Supreme ...
Fraser and Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier when the Court ruled against the student rights to freedom of speech and the press. To Marshall, every American deserves unrestricted rights enumerated in the First Amendment regardless of age, something even the rest of the liberal judges of the Burger and ...
“If ever there's a place where democracy should be practiced and celebrated, it seems it should be our colleges and universities which are training grounds for active citizenship,” Tinker said. In 1988 the case of Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier dictated that the schools administration could censor students at will.
During the 2017 Legislature, lawmakers in bipartisan fashion from both the Nevada Assembly and Senate passed Senate Bill 420. This New Voices legislation, which has been passed and adopted in more than one dozen states including Nevada, provides relief from one of the worst decisions the U.S. ...
“In my own personal research I found some other things,” she said, including Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier. While that 1988 U.S. Supreme Court case ruled in favor of school administrators who censored stories in a student newspaper, Edgington found some points that contributed to her argument. “They want ...
This proposed legislation follows three decades of potentially rigid control exerted by public school administers since the Supreme Court ruled in Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier (1988). Under Hazelwood, school administrators have a lot of power to control, censor and punish students who engage in serious ...
He cited Tinker and the 1988 case Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier as the two U.S. Supreme Court cases that guide whether speech at schools is constitutionally protected. The Hazelwood decision, which involved a student newspaper, found that school officials could limit student speech if it occurred during a ...
It will essentially overturn the decision of the 1988 Supreme Court decision of Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, which condoned the censorship of high school newspapers by school officials. Northwest Assistant Media Professor Instructor Kyle Miller feels strongly about protecting the first amendment rights of ...
Unfortunately, Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier is still the federal legal precedent when it comes to student journalism. This poses many issues when it dictates that students are not allowed to practice journalism the way professionals do. So why should we care that students aren't allowed to practice authentic ...
Ed Clere, R-New Albany, to dial back strong censorship practices some school administrators have incorporated since the 1988 Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier decision,” wrote Diana Hadley, executive director of the Indiana High School Press Association, in a column we published during last year's legislative ...
On Wednesday, January 31, the National Scholastic Press Association (NSPA) celebrated the 30th anniversary of one of the landmark cases in student journalism: Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier. While this case ultimately rolled back some freedoms of the press for students, it is important to recognize the role it ...
In Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, the justices overturned a lower court ruling stating "the principal's actions did not violate the students' free speech rights." Because the school sponsored the newspaper, and many school districts consider the principal as publisher, the court said Hazelwood East High School ...
The Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier decision turns 30 this month, signaling a decades-long run for the landmark case that put high school journalism under a different set of rules. For Clere, the consequences of the Hazelwood decision deprive student journalists of a rigorous, real-world environment.
While the administration may have the legal right to censor the student news site because of the Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier Supreme Court decision, such action backfires. It teaches students that chasing their curiosity and attempting to confirm information are futile and that student voices do not count. The new movie “The ...
Today, administrators at many schools in Indiana support journalism students in the same way, but the Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier Supreme Court decision of 1988 provided language that gave administrators the power to control the coverage, and for almost 30 years some have used that decision to censor ...
Today, administrators at many schools in Indiana support journalism students in the same way, but the Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier Supreme Court decision of 1988 provided language that gave administrators the power to control the coverage, and for almost 30 years some have used that decision to censor ...
Today, administrators at many schools in Indiana support journalism students in the same way, but the Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier Supreme Court decision of 1988 provided language that gave administrators the power to control the coverage, and for almost 30 years some have used that decision to censor ...
Today, administrators at many schools in Indiana support journalism students in the same way, but the Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier Supreme Court decision of 1988 provided language that gave administrators the power to control the coverage, and for almost 30 years some have used that decision to censor ...
Ed Clere, R-New Albany, to dial back strong censorship practices some school administrators have incorporated since the 1988 Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier decision. Twelve states already have rules or statutes that returned student press freedom to a Tinker v. Des Moines standard, and 18 others are working ...
... a statehouse-by-statehouse initiative designed to strengthen First Amendment protections for high school and college students that had been stripped away by the controversial 1988 Supreme Court decision Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier. In that case, the Court voted 5-to-3 to permit prior review in high school ...
This epidemic of censorship stems from a 1988 Supreme Court case, Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier, which ruled student's First Amendment rights are not violated when school officials edit or prevent publication of material in school newspapers. The first version of Indiana's press freedom bill debuted in the 2017 ...
INDIANAPOLIS – When Southport High School senior Andrew Tapp was approached by his advisor to lobby for a student press freedoms bill last year, he did so without hesitation. “I'm very fortunate at Southport not to face censorship from our administration, but I know plenty of students all across the state ...


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            hazelwood v. kuhlmeier

US Supreme Court school decisions:
            bethel v. fraser
            brown v. board of education
            cooper v. aaron
            frederick v. morse
            goss v lopez
            hammond v. south carolina state
            hazelwood v. kuhlmeier
            ingraham v. wright
            meyer v. state of nebraska
            new jersey v. tlo
            poling v. murphy
            tinker v. des moines
            waugh v. board of trustees
            west virginia v. barnette