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 fracking

Hydraulic fracturing is the propagation of fractures in a rock layer, as a result of the action of a pressurized fluid. Some hydraulic fractures form naturally—certain veins or dikes are examples—and can create conduits along which gas and petroleum from source rocks may migrate to reservoir rocks. Induced Hydraulic fracturing or hydrofracking, commonly known as fraccing or fracking, is a technique used to release petroleum, natural gas (including shale gas, tight gas, and coal seam gas), or other substances for extraction. This type of fracturing creates fractures from a wellbore drilled into reservoir rock formations.


The first use of Hydraulic fracturing was in 1947 but the modern fracking technique, called horizontal slickwater fracking, that made the extraction of shale gas economical was first used in 1998 in the Barnett Shale in Texas. The energy from the injection of a highly pressurized fracking fluid creates new channels in the rock, which can increase the extraction rates and ultimate recovery of hydrocarbons.


Proponents of fracking point to the economic benefits from vast amounts of formerly inaccessible hydrocarbons the process can extract. Opponents point to potential environmental impacts, including contamination of ground water, risks to air quality, the migration of gases and Hydraulic fracturing chemicals to the surface, surface contamination from spills and flowback and the health effects of these. For these reasons Hydraulic fracturing has come under scrutiny internationally, with some countries suspending or even banning it.

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updated Wed. March 21, 2018

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However, this figure is expected to be significantly lower as shale gas explorers have been met by protests in England, and a fracking ban in Scotland. Greenpeace said the government has conceded that the 155 wells figure is now considered "out of date", but it refused to release the internal ... UK secret
"Well-known hazardous air pollutants are being found near fracking sites and may be contributing to health outcomes that are being experienced by people living near fracking sites," said Kwiatkowski, a co-author of the study. "The endocrine disrupting chemicals that are found at these sites may ... Hormone

Many fracking and coal mining sites were visited in Belmont, Noble, Monroe and Guernsey Counties including the Exxon-owned XTO Schnegg well site near Powhatan Point that exploded February 15th and was recently capped after leaking for 23 days. The tour was organized by Columbus ... Ohio
An attorney for the anti-fracking group East Boulder County United has sent a letter to the city of Lafayette suggesting possible legal action regarding the city's Climate Bill of Rights that was passed last year, albeit without a provision that would protect protesters from legal consequences. Last year, ...
HB 393, which was introduced in October, would allow for the sale of fracking brine for surface applications, like deicing roadways during Ohio's slick winters. The bipartisan bill is co-sponsored by Republican state Rep. Anthony Devitis and Democrat state Rep. Michael O'Brien. O'Brien says a ...
Fracking has been in the news for the past decade or so, causing controversy between those who feel it is detrimental and damaging to the environment, and those who see it as untapped potential in recovering gas and oil. So what is Fracking? Fracking involves drilling deep down into the earth ...

Leland says he understands the economic value of fracking for natural gas in Ohio, but "we've got to have little spots of land in the state of Ohio that don't have to be subjected to fracking. We can run an economy, we can get our energy needs in the state of Ohio and still preserve the state parks and ...
SALAMANCA — The Salamanca Common Council have officially announced their support of efforts to stop the dumping of wastewater produced by fracking into the Allegheny River through a treatment plan in Pennsylvania. In a statement at Wednesday's meeting, council member Timothy Flanigan, ...
We've all seen the television ads that tell us fracking is safe. Whatever happened to truth in advertising? The chemicals used in fracking vary. A power point by the Physicians for Social Responsibility reads they include carcinogens like benzene, toluene, arsenic, neurotoxins, and endocrine disrupting ...
Fracking for oil and gas poses an impending health crisis in the U.S., two leading groups of health professionals warn in a new report. Not only do existing fracking regulations fail to protect Americans from increased risk of cancer, asthma and birth defects, but there is no evidence fracking can ever be done ...
The compendium of research papers and investigative reports says regulations cannot make fracking safe. (anita_starzycka/Pixabay). March 16, 2018. HARRISBURG, Pa. – The fifth Fracking Health Compendium finds that the oil and gas drilling technique poses high risks to food, water and the climate, and cannot be done ...
Technically known as hydraulic fracturing, fracking is designed to open up passageways to reservoirs of natural gas or oil. It's also deeply controversial, and a new comprehensive report – spotted by Rolling Stone – has brought all these hazards to human health together. Publishing their layman-readable, ...
BISMARCK, N.D. — Health professionals have released their fifth compilation of data and reports showing the risks of fracking. Over the past five editions, scientific and medical findings in the compendium have grown, adding weight to the argument that oil and gas drilling are harmful to communities.
The state of California, environmental organizations, and several tribal groups filed a lawsuit against the United States Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and Secretary of Interior Ryan Zinke, seeking to force the agency to enforce rules regulating fracking on federal lands imposed in 2015 by the Interior ...
"Our examination…uncovered no evidence that fracking can be practiced in a manner that does not threaten human health," states a blistering 266-page report released today by Concerned Health Professionals of New York and the Nobel Peace Prize-winning group, Physicians for Social Responsibility.
In The New Wild West, award-winning journalist Blaire Briody recounts the story of a small farm town in North Dakota that has recently been ravished by oil companies. This timely book is a definitive account of what really happens to a community when the energy industry is allowed to set up in a town with ...
Greeley Indivisible on Wednesday will host a roundtable discussion on the health effects of fracking. The meeting is 5-8 p.m. Wednesday at Joe Molina Studio and Gallery, 930 8th Ave., according to a news release. The discussion will center on the planned oil and gas development near Bella Romero ...

Fracking isn't contained on the small plots of land we see from the highway. Windy days carry its chemicals right into our neighborhoods. You may hear that 99.5 percent of fracking waste is benign, however, some highly toxic chemicals used in mining can contaminate an Olympic-sized swimming pool with ...
... politics behind this industry? Why are the wells nearer to a school with a higher percentage of students living in poverty? I'm taken aback that fracking wells dotting our district's borders is the new normal. In east Boulder County, we need the city's help in protecting our children, our schools, our livelihoods.
A 23-year-old anti-fracking activist and student at Colorado State University was arrested today on two charges of tampering with oil and gas equipment and second-degree criminal trespassing after protesting at a drilling site near Bella Romero Academy, a middle school in Greeley. Cullen Lobe was still ...
DENVER — Lawmakers' disagreement over oil and gas development returned to the Colorado Legislature on Wednesday as committees in both chambers killed two bills aimed at fracking and public safety. In the GOP-controlled Senate, the Agriculture, Natural Resources & Energy Committee killed a bill ...
Fracking will make the United States the largest supplier of oil and gas in the world by 2023, Fatih Birol, head of the International Energy Agency said at the CERAWeek energy conference hosted by IHS Markit in Houston last week. “What is happening in the US between now and 2025 [is] a huge ...
The application by Ineos to explore for shale gas in South Yorkshire has been rejected by local councillors, bringing the number of planning decisions that have gone against fracking companies this year to seven. Rotherham metropolitan borough turned the application by the UK-based petrochemicals firm ...
While Third Energy has said fracking will still happen “on completion of the approval process”, it has been confirmed it will not go ahead until the autumn. The company said on Wednesday it had decided to release further equipment from the site while the financial resilience review was taking place. It said it ...
Halliburton Co., the world's largest fracking company, has grown its fleet of pressure pumping equipment by 700,000 horsepower over the past year, a giant growth spurt that comes as U.S. drillers pump more crude from shale plays. That surge brings the Houston oil field service company's high-pressure ...
U.S. oil and natural gas is on the verge of transforming the world's energy markets for a second time, further undercutting Saudi Arabia and Russia. The widespread adoption of fracking in the U.S. opened billions of barrels of oil and trillions of cubic feet of natural gas to production and transformed the ...
Anti-fracking campaigners have decided to dismantle a protest camp in North Yorkshire. The camp at Kirby Misperton was established in 2016 after Third Energy was granted planning permission to frack for shale gas at the site. The company is still waiting final consent from the government and has moved ...
No Fracking. No Tar Sands." The 21-page report drew from documents submitted in the fall by Twitter and Facebook, which owns Instagram, for congressional investigations into the social media influence campaign during the 2016 presidential election. Those probes focused on the efforts by the Internet ...
The Environmental Protection Agency said the two actions would reduce "significant and immediate compliance concerns" for the energy industry. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast, File). The Environmental Protection Agency announced two piecemeal actions on Thursday to reduce costs and regulatory ...
To what extent does it implicate the enterprise of fracking (high-volume hydraulic fracturing for shale gas) in 2018? The photo immediately postdates the great acceleration in shale gas fracking between 2004 and 2011 stimulated by advances in drilling technology. Things have slowed down since.
In “The Fracking Debate,” he wades through numerous studies on controversial oil- and gas-related issues to offer nuanced answers to the questions people at dinner parties often ask him about fracking. One of those questions is whether shale development is good or bad for the climate. The answer, he ...
Data suggest fracking-linked shaking can be reduced if companies act quickly and pause their operation before small quakes set off bigger ones. The new rules expand guidelines released in December 2016, when state regulators first moved to address earthquakes set off by fracking in addition to ones ...
After an organized movement of anti-fracking advocates united to oppose the first fracking proposal in Illinois last year, the fracking company abandoned its venture proving, once again, that people power wins campaigns. However, in order to fully protect Illinois communities from the ambitions of the ...
"Our research shows that this risk is greatly reduced if injection points in fracking boreholes are situated at least 895m away from geological faults." The latest findings go further than a 2017 ReFINE study which recommended a maximum distance of 433m between horizontal boreholes and geological faults ...
A set of bills introduced this month in the Illinois legislature would update the state's fracking law to increase protections for land owners and require more information from oil and gas companies applying for fracking permits. Organizers from several environmental groups held a press conference Tuesday ...
The modern version of fracking came of age in the late 1990s, unlocking oil and gas reserves across more than 20 US states. As a result, US oil production has increased faster than at anytime in the country's history, dwarfing the giddy days of the country's black gold rush in the 19th century. About half of ...
Arguments about the risk to the environment posed by fracking operations, however, often overlook the most serious long-term risk, namely that heavy investment in shale gas exploration and exploitation will prolong the future use of fossil fuels and potentially displace investment in alternative forms of ...
The Port of Olympia commission has agreed to reimburse the city of Olympia for cleanup costs associated with an 11-day fracking protest that halted train traffic through downtown in November. But the $3,400 payment from the port represents a fraction of the money requested by Olympia City Manager ...
The initiative would amend the county's General Plan, Local Coastal Program and County Code to prohibit using land in the county's unincorporated areas for oil well stimulation treatments like fracking and acidizing. It would also prohibit new oil and gas well drilling land uses on unincorporated county ...
SCHNECKSVILLE, Pa. - The Delaware River Basin Commission held its last in-person hearing Thursday on a proposed ban on high-volume hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, in the river basin and on other natural gas regulations. About 30 people, a large number of which voiced support for the ban, spoke ...
Natural gas is not a “bridge fuel to the future.” It is a death sentence for humanity. Think that is too strong? Think again. A new study by the Environmental Defense Fund finds that methane escaping from fracking operations in Pennsylvania “causes the same near term climate pollution as 11 coal fired power ...
As earthquakes grow more frequent in the central United States—driven at least in part by the fracking boom—researchers have been working on sophisticated new tools, including satellites, underwater seismic sensors, and software to detect temblors and hopefully even predict them. The latest unveiling ...
An energy company's bid to carry out a fracking survey on National Trust land will be heard in the High Court. Petrochemical firm Ineos has said it wants to conduct tests in a bid to find shale gas at Clumber Park in Nottinghamshire. The National Trust said the company had not considered the "potential ...
The “unconventional,” high-pressure, horizontal drilling technique known as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, has been a boon to the energy industry, creating a domestic source of natural gas and supposedly easing America's dependence on foreign oil. But some people living in the shadow of this relatively ...
For all intents and purposes, the Republican party is a wholly owned subsidiary of Koch Industries. So it is somewhat surprising to learn that a bill in the Florida Senate that would ban fracking in the Sunshine State has been endorsed by all ten members — Republicans and Democrats alike — of the ...
The vision of huge drilling rigs off of our Gulf Coast has re-energized the discussion regarding the appropriateness of certain oil and gas activities in our state. Florida has extensive wetland landscapes like America's Everglades, sensitive aquifers that provide drinking water for so many, and a valued ...
Five small earthquake sequences triggered by fracking in eastern Ohio between 2013 and 2015 were more complex than researchers previously understood, revealing that fracking-linked seismic disturbances originate at different geological depths and that deeper events pose greater risks. The new study ...
Both politicians and industry leaders have been exaggerating the potential of future fracking operations in the UK, an unreleased 2016 government report has suggested. It estimated that 155 fracking wells will be constructed by 2025, a fraction of the number predicted by a prominent industry report that has ...
The oil prospectors of Oklahoma, it appeared, finally had a solution to their earthquake problem. Ordered by regulators to curb the wastewater they were dumping deep into the ground, they watched with satisfaction as tremors plunged to fewer than two a day from more than five. This seemed to be ...
Fracking Infrastructure ... Concerns over fracking spread far beyond well pad and gas or oil production. After gas or oil is brought to the surface, the industry needs a variety of ... It's no wonder that the debate over and movement against fracking now includes infrastructure. Residents, activists, advocates ...


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