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 fracking

hydraulic fracturing is the propagation of fractures in a rock layer, as a result of the action of a pressurized fluid. Some hydraulic fractures form naturally—certain veins or dikes are examples—and can create conduits along which gas and petroleum from source rocks may migrate to reservoir rocks. Induced hydraulic fracturing or hydrofracking, commonly known as fraccing or fracking, is a technique used to release petroleum, natural gas (including shale gas, tight gas, and coal seam gas), or other substances for extraction. This type of fracturing creates fractures from a wellbore drilled into reservoir rock formations.


The first use of hydraulic fracturing was in 1947 but the modern fracking technique, called horizontal slickwater fracking, that made the extraction of shale gas economical was first used in 1998 in the Barnett Shale in Texas. The energy from the injection of a highly pressurized fracking fluid creates new channels in the rock, which can increase the extraction rates and ultimate recovery of hydrocarbons.


Proponents of fracking point to the economic benefits from vast amounts of formerly inaccessible hydrocarbons the process can extract. Opponents point to potential environmental impacts, including contamination of ground water, risks to air quality, the migration of gases and hydraulic fracturing chemicals to the surface, surface contamination from spills and flowback and the health effects of these. For these reasons hydraulic fracturing has come under scrutiny internationally, with some countries suspending or even banning it.

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On another predominant debate topic, several questions were related to fracking in order to further increase Ohio's natural gas production, which Edwards strongly supports as a means of job production in southeastern Ohio.

ceramic proppants are materials used in the process of hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking." The proppants keep fracture created by fracking open, allowing oil and natural gas to be extracted. In North Dakota, Native Americans have led a struggle to try ...
It is the lowest level of support for fracking since the public attitudes tracker started asking about shale gas, and comes amid increased awareness of the process, with about four-fifths (79%) of those quizzed claiming to know something about it.
fracking has been banned in Maryland since last year, but next year's proposed regulations jeopardize the moratorium. While the planned regulations are strict, ...

Researchers from the Yale school of public health have confirmed that many of the chemicals involved and released by fracking can be linked to cancer.
Delaying fracking ban decision 'contradicts climate-change commitments'. Wednesday, October 26, 2016 - 05:34 pm. The government has been accused of contradicting international commitments on climate change by stalling a proposed ban on fracking.
Microbes have a remarkable ability to adapt to the extreme conditions in fracking wells, according to a study published in the October issue of Nature microbiology.
anti-fracking signs in Pennsylvania in 2012. Maryland is now battling to keep fracking out. AP Photo/Keith Srakocic,. Most Maryland voters - 56 percent - want ...
The 178th District race features a new face and a familiar one: Republican incumbent Scott Petri has represented the district since 2003.
The Mayor and City Council of the City of Frostburg will hold a Special City Council Meeting on Thursday, November 10 beginning at 6:00 p.m.
The lights could go out in Scotland by the end of the decade if fracking is banned, the man representing company bosses has warned.
"Clinton is not consistent in her stances on clean energy overall," says 23-year-old environmental advocate Tifanny Burks of Davie.
In Garrett County, a prime target area for the oil and gas industry, voters oppose fracking by an even stronger margin. The poll, conducted by the nonpartisan firm OpinionWorks, found that Maryland voters support a ban on fracking by a 2-to-1 margin ...
DALTON, Ga. - The Georgia law governing drilling for oil and natural gas is more than 40 years old, and an area environmental group Monday night asked the ...
42 and Empire Road in unincorporated Boulder County - plans that include the potential for a small-scale fracking operation on the site.

Currently, fracking isn't used in Monterey County. According to a representative for California's Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources, it also isn't the most effective way to get the thick crude oil out of San Ardo's ground, which is where ...
The team studied microbes in fracking fluid from more than a mile and a half below the ground surface. Researchers measured the metabolic byproducts excreted by the microbes, which can tell scientists what compounds the microbes are producing, where ...
They included John Bambacus, former mayor of Frostburg; Woody Getz, the Commissioner of Public Works in Frostburg; Creed Calhoun of Friendsville, M.d.
Two women in Maryland are promoting the need for a statewide ban of fracking, bringing them to Hancock Sunday afternoon on their 313 mile journey.
But not a year had passed before the fracking started all around her. Dozens of roads to hundreds of wells went up. The sound of rumbling trucks replaced what had once been silence.
Opponents of the Port of Olympia's acceptance of fracking-related shipments listen to speakers Saturday during a protest against the hydraulic fracturing oil industry at the Port Plaza on the Olympia waterfront.
And as a lifelong champion of the Green cause, I'm convinced that fracking is not the problem but a central part of the answer.
As the moratorium on fracking in the Whitehorse Trough ends this fall and Yukoners will shortly be going to the polls in a territorial election, Ingraffea gave his audience the task of making sure our elected politicians base their decision about ...
fracking is to gas what Trump is to politics and Marmite is to toast. You either love it or hate it. This week the government overturned a council decision to approve fracking plans in Little Plumpton in Lancashire. Neighbours, who for years had lived ...
The Democrats said the EPA should review a scientific assessment of its fracking study.
Come election season, Colorado voters routinely face an eclectic array of ballot initiatives that has made it a national laboratory for big ideas.
Longmont became embroiled in two separate lawsuits related to oil and gas or fracking. The city-enacted rules and regulations require an operation to be 750 feet from an occupied building.
Indeed, Amendment 71 would have implications far beyond fracking; and it has attracted a diverse group of supporters as well as opponents from both the left and the right side of the political spectrum.
Bernie Sanders (I-VT), emails sent to and from campaign chair John Podesta show the Clinton team rejected a carbon tax due to poor internal polling and attempted to frame its support of natural gas fracking as a bridge to a cleaner power system.
This places Clinton firmly in the main stream of environmental and energy thinking. climate change is real, and we must reduce carbon emissions, but that involves drilling for more natural gas, not less.
May's promise to sign the UK up to its targets "by the end of the year" will entail levels of carbon emissions reduction that are currently incompatible with full-scale fracking. This will be especially true, according to the independent Committee on ...
"Much of the public fear about fracking has centered on the chemical-laden fracking fluids -- which are injected into wells at the start of production -- and the potential harm they could cause if they spill or are disposed of improperly into the ...
The federal government has given notice that it plans to auction oil and gas lease rights for 1,600 acres of Wayne National Forest near Marietta, a step that could lead to fracking on public land. energy industry officials are applauding the decision ...
This has certainly been true in the U.S. and Canada, where a large-scale fracking boom has altered the balance of world energy resources and cut the price of gas so much that both coal and nuclear have struggled to remain competitive in electricity ...
14 at Estill County high school, representatives of the state Cabinet for Health and Family Services (CHFS) and the Energy and Environment Cabinet (EEC) will conduct a public forum on their investigation into the illegal dumping of radioactive fracking ...
On Tuesday, the Newtown Township Planning Commission decided not to vote on a fracking ordinance that is making the rounds in Bucks County Municipalities.
Macquarie backs fracking in the UK and beyond, holds positions in climate change denying oil majors such as ExxonMobil, and has loaned hundreds of millions to coal companies and projects.
On the Standing Rock Sioux Indian reservation in the Dakotas, a fight between fracking companies and local activists has been making headlines for much of the year.
This places Clinton firmly in the main stream of environmental and energy thinking. climate change is real, and we must reduce carbon emissions, but that involves drilling for more natural gas, not less.
Bernie Sanders (I-VT), emails sent to and from campaign chair John Podesta show the Clinton team rejected a carbon tax due to poor internal polling and attempted to frame its support of natural gas fracking as a bridge to a cleaner power system.
Longmont became embroiled in two separate lawsuits related to oil and gas or fracking. The city-enacted rules and regulations require an operation to be 750 feet from an occupied building.
Indeed, Amendment 71 would have implications far beyond fracking; and it has attracted a diverse group of supporters as well as opponents from both the left and the right side of the political spectrum.
Proposed initiatives failed to make the cut for the November ballot sought to allow local governments to set their own restrictions on fracking and impose mandatory setbacks. Sweeney sees the issue of fracking as an environmental concern, while Buck ...
MARIETTA, Ohio (WTAP) The federal government plans to auction oil and gas lease rights for 1,600 acres of the Wayne National Forest near Marietta.
Clinton also reaffirmed her support for fracking and pipelines and made it clear that her opposition to the Keystone XL pipeline was a calculated political move.
Since we moved to North Dakota, we had been aware of the fracking and flaring going on in the Bakken, and I've been paying attention to water issues here and across the United States, as well.
I don't understand why Anne Arundel County is delaying an agreement with the federal government to enforce immigration laws. A county partnership with U.S.
fracking is not the problem . . . but a central part of the answer. That's a great start, but that's all it is. We need dozens more like it if Britain is to meet our energy needs in the decades to come.


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