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 FISA warrants

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 requires that each application for a surveillance warrant from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (called a FISA warrant) is made before an individual judge of the court. Like a grand jury, FISC is not an adversarial court: the federal government is the only party to its proceedings. However, the court may allow third parties to submit briefs as amici curiae. When the Attorney General determines that an emergency exists he may authorize the emergency employment of electronic surveillance before obtaining the necessary authorization from the FISA court, after which the Attorney General or his designee must notify a judge of the court not more than 72 hours after the Attorney General authorizes such surveillance.


If an application is denied by one judge of the FISC, the federal government is not allowed to make the same application to a different judge of the court, but must appeal to the United States Foreign intelligence Surveillance Court of Review. Such appeals are rare: the first appeal from the FISC to the Court of Review was made in 2002, 24 years after the founding of the FISC.


It is also rare for FISA warrant requests to be turned down by the court. Through the end of 2004, 18,761 warrants were granted, while just five were rejected (many sources say four)[citation needed] . Fewer than 200 requests had to be modified before being accepted, almost all of them in 2003 and 2004. The four known rejected requests were all from 2003, and all four were partially granted after being resubmitted for reconsideration by the government. Of the requests that had to be modified, few if any were before the year 2000.

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... very unlikely this search was conducted pursuant to a FISA warrant, ... again, judges are often laxer about authorizing "no-knock" warrants ...
Page had been the subject of a secret intelligence surveillance warrant since 2014, earlier than had been previously reported, US officials ...

Former Trump campaign national security adviser Carter Page, who interacted with Russian spies in the past, had been under a FISA warrant ...
Carter Page, a foreign policy adviser to during President Trump's campaign, has been the subject of a foreign surveillance warrant since 2014.
... and seizures" -- including surveillance -- without warrants. ... a court order or warrant (though it does require the approval of a FISA court).

The FBI reportedly obtained a FISA warrant under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act last summer to monitor Page's communications and ...
FISA reform is needed, and conservatives should lead the way ... required a warrant based on probable cause for the government to collect.
As of 2013, the FISA court has denied only 12 warrants since its inception. It has granted more than 34,000 requests since its inception.
While the warrant does not name Trump or any of his associates - FISA warrants are directed at foreign entities - Wood reported the intelligence sources told him that "it's clear this is about Trump," and that three Trump associates were targets of ...
"Efforts to obtain a FISA [Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act] warrant were initiated by political operatives in the Justice Department, and not by the FBI, all the way up to the attorney general or deputy attorney...They were not initiated because ...
A person's Internet search for specific products are electronically identified, stored and acted upon using essentially the same software technology the government uses to select whose communications is going to be recorded, with or without a warrant ...
After obtaining a warrant from a FISA court the NSA can begin to surveil this person via their phone, email, and other means.
During that hearing, Nunes and other Republicans spent a great deal of time questioning Comey and National Security Agency head Admiral Mike Rogers about the seriousness of revealing information from secret FISA warrants. While questioning Comey ...
... a warrant when it has reason to believe that someone in the U.S. is acting as an agent of a foreign power - in the worst-case scenario, conducting espionage against the U.S.
Passed alongside nine other amendments together known as the Bill of rights, the Fourth Amendment is meant to curtail "unreasonable" searches from the government and require warrants based on probable cause for searches. It is the main constitutional ...

During that hearing, Nunes and other Republicans spent a great deal of time questioning Comey and National Security Agency head Admiral Mike Rogers about the seriousness of revealing information from secret FISA warrants. While questioning Comey ...
The New York Times also reported a Foreign intelligence surveillance (FISA) warrant was sought in June to examine "U.
Similarly, the terms FISA orders, FISA warrants, etc. are used regularly. In order to invade a US citizen's privacy for a search or seizure, law enforcement is legally required to have a warrant. But as mentioned above, the Bush administration engaged ...
On Saturday morning, March 4th, the president of the United States took to twitter and set off a firestorm that still engulfs his administration to this day.
The New York Times also reported a Foreign intelligence surveillance (FISA) warrant was sought in June to examine "U.
1. Manafort working for Russia: The Associated Press is reporting that President Donald Trump's former campaign chairman, Paul Manafort, secretly worked for a Russian billionaire in an effort to bolster the image of Russian president Vladimir Putin ...
Those warrants, called FISA warrants, are difficult to obtain and always considered in secret because of their nature.
It allows the Intelligence Community to conduct surveillance under warrants approved by the FISA court in cases related to foreign intelligence surveillance targets.
Do you know what a FISA warrant is? What about kompromat? How about Felix Sater and Ziya Mammadov? Trump's praise of Vladimir Putin and allegations of Russian hacking of the Democratic National Committee raised questions during the campaign.
Those warrants, called FISA warrants, are difficult to obtain and always considered in secret because of their nature.
The head of the House Intelligence Committee Devin Nunes said that there is still no evidence that the Obama administration wiretapped Trump Tower, ...
This week, Representative Devin Nunes, chairman of the House of Representatives intelligence Committee , told 'Fox News Sunday' host Chris Wallace that the only crime committed in the awareness of tomorrow's hearing on the Trump-Russia-election ...
An opinion piece by controversial writer and former UK member of parliament Louise Mensch mentions her FISA warrant story, which Times reporters have ...
O'Reilly said: "The whole thing is now settled that there was no FISA warrant requested by the Obama administration.
All that matters is whether a FISA warrant was requested by the Obama administration. Is it possible to say, yes or no to that question?
... pointing out that only a judge in a Foreign intelligence surveillance (FISA) court - a federal court established and authorised under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance of 1978 to oversee requests for surveillance warrants against foreign spies ...
Longtime Trump adviser Roger Stone says he believes his contacts with a Russian-linked hacker who took credit for breaching the Democratic National Committee may have been obtained through a FISA warrant. By The Associated Press. WASHINGTON ...
But then its counter-intelligence arm chose to reframe the issue in terms of national security and request a warrant from FISA, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court. Doing so ... Presidents can't "order" FISA warrants, as Obama surely knows ...
Three different news outlets in the UK were reporting, independent of one another, that a FISA warrant was requested on at least two occasions last year.
Longtime Trump adviser Roger Stone says he believes his contacts with a Russian-linked hacker who took credit for breaching the Democratic National Committee may have been obtained through a FISA warrant, which allows the government to collect the ...
Regardless, there are still two methods by which intelligence agencies currently could eavesdrop - without a warrant - on the communications of a citizen, including Donald Trump.
Obama's National Intelligence Director James Clapper and other partisans tried twice and failed to gain FISA warrants to surveil (not "wiretap") the Trump campaign.
Two separate sources with links to the counter-Intelligence Community have confirmed to Heat Street that the FBI sought, and was granted, a FISA court warrant in October, giving counter-intelligence permission to examine the activities of "U.S. persons ...
On Sunday's Face the Nation, Sen. Rand Paul was asked about President Trump's accusation that President Obama ordered the NSA to wiretap his calls.
I've been thinking about the letters that make up the acronym known as FISA. Let this sink in: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
As the cumulative definitions shows, typically, for a U.S. person to qualify as the agent of a foreign power under FISA, there needs to be some indication of criminal conduct.
Both Clapper and James Comey (who was Obama's last FBI director and remains in the Trump administration) also said over the weekend that there were no FISA warrants against Trump or his campaign. This means one of two things: either the Justice ...
In 2007 and 2008, FISA was amended so that if the target is a foreigner overseas, you don't have to get a warrant. In addition, the ... You can only get FISA warrants if foreign intelligence is a significant purpose of the collection. You can also get ...
According to an explosive new report in Circa News Wednesday night, a FISA court warrant was granted to federal investigators in October of 2016 as part of an overall Russian hacking investigation.
Asked if there had been a FISA warrant to that end, Clapper - who was Director of National Intelligence (DNI) in the Obama administration - flatly declared: "I can deny it.
But in the coming days, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court -- known as the FISA court or FISC -- will get more attention after President Donald Trump claimed he was wiretapped during the Obama administration.
Any such order would have been filed under "FISA" -- the Foreign intelligence Security Act -- with a special, secret court that has the power to issue warrants for wiretaps and other forms of cybersurveillance. The request for such a warrant would have ...
One thing is for sure though, and the nub of it is, if they do it would have been pursuant to a warrant issued by a judge not by the command of President Obama.


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