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 FISA warrants

The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 requires that each application for a surveillance warrant from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (called a FISA warrant) is made before an individual judge of the court. Like a grand jury, FISC is not an adversarial court: the federal government is the only party to its proceedings. However, the court may allow third parties to submit briefs as amici curiae. When the Attorney General determines that an emergency exists he may authorize the emergency employment of electronic surveillance before obtaining the necessary authorization from the FISA court, after which the Attorney General or his designee must notify a judge of the court not more than 72 hours after the Attorney General authorizes such surveillance.


If an application is denied by one judge of the FISC, the federal government is not allowed to make the same application to a different judge of the court, but must appeal to the United States Foreign intelligence Surveillance Court of Review. Such appeals are rare: the first appeal from the FISC to the Court of Review was made in 2002, 24 years after the founding of the FISC.


It is also rare for FISA warrant requests to be turned down by the court. Through the end of 2004, 18,761 warrants were granted, while just five were rejected (many sources say four)[citation needed] . Fewer than 200 requests had to be modified before being accepted, almost all of them in 2003 and 2004. The four known rejected requests were all from 2003, and all four were partially granted after being resubmitted for reconsideration by the government. Of the requests that had to be modified, few if any were before the year 2000.

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updated Sat. March 25, 2017

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During that hearing, Nunes and other Republicans spent a great deal of time questioning Comey and National Security Agency head Admiral Mike Rogers about the seriousness of revealing information from secret FISA warrants. While questioning Comey ...
... a warrant when it has reason to believe that someone in the U.S. is acting as an agent of a foreign power - in the worst-case scenario, conducting espionage against the U.S.

Passed alongside nine other amendments together known as the Bill of rights, the Fourth Amendment is meant to curtail "unreasonable" searches from the government and require warrants based on probable cause for searches. It is the main constitutional ...
During that hearing, Nunes and other Republicans spent a great deal of time questioning Comey and National Security Agency head Admiral Mike Rogers about the seriousness of revealing information from secret FISA warrants. While questioning Comey ...
The New York Times also reported a Foreign intelligence surveillance (FISA) warrant was sought in June to examine "U.
Similarly, the terms FISA orders, FISA warrants, etc. are used regularly. In order to invade a US citizen's privacy for a search or seizure, law enforcement is legally required to have a warrant. But as mentioned above, the Bush administration engaged ...

On Saturday morning, March 4th, the president of the United States took to twitter and set off a firestorm that still engulfs his administration to this day.
1. Manafort working for Russia: The Associated Press is reporting that President Donald Trump's former campaign chairman, Paul Manafort, secretly worked for a Russian billionaire in an effort to bolster the image of Russian president Vladimir Putin ...
Those warrants, called FISA warrants, are difficult to obtain and always considered in secret because of their nature.
It allows the Intelligence Community to conduct surveillance under warrants approved by the FISA court in cases related to foreign intelligence surveillance targets.
Do you know what a FISA warrant is? What about kompromat? How about Felix Sater and Ziya Mammadov? Trump's praise of Vladimir Putin and allegations of Russian hacking of the Democratic National Committee raised questions during the campaign.
This week, Representative Devin Nunes, chairman of the House of Representatives intelligence Committee , told 'Fox News Sunday' host Chris Wallace that the only crime committed in the awareness of tomorrow's hearing on the Trump-Russia-election ...
An opinion piece by controversial writer and former UK member of parliament Louise Mensch mentions her FISA warrant story, which Times reporters have ...
O'Reilly said: "The whole thing is now settled that there was no FISA warrant requested by the Obama administration.
All that matters is whether a FISA warrant was requested by the Obama administration. Is it possible to say, yes or no to that question?
Three different news outlets in the UK were reporting, independent of one another, that a FISA warrant was requested on at least two occasions last year.

Longtime Trump adviser Roger Stone says he believes his contacts with a Russian-linked hacker who took credit for breaching the Democratic National Committee may have been obtained through a FISA warrant, which allows the government to collect the ...
Obama's National Intelligence Director James Clapper and other partisans tried twice and failed to gain FISA warrants to surveil (not "wiretap") the Trump campaign.
Two separate sources with links to the counter-Intelligence Community have confirmed to Heat Street that the FBI sought, and was granted, a FISA court warrant in October, giving counter-intelligence permission to examine the activities of "U.S. persons ...
On Sunday's Face the Nation, Sen. Rand Paul was asked about President Trump's accusation that President Obama ordered the NSA to wiretap his calls.
I've been thinking about the letters that make up the acronym known as FISA. Let this sink in: Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.
As the cumulative definitions shows, typically, for a U.S. person to qualify as the agent of a foreign power under FISA, there needs to be some indication of criminal conduct.
Both Clapper and James Comey (who was Obama's last FBI director and remains in the Trump administration) also said over the weekend that there were no FISA warrants against Trump or his campaign. This means one of two things: either the Justice ...
In 2007 and 2008, FISA was amended so that if the target is a foreigner overseas, you don't have to get a warrant. In addition, the ... You can only get FISA warrants if foreign intelligence is a significant purpose of the collection. You can also get ...
According to an explosive new report in Circa News Wednesday night, a FISA court warrant was granted to federal investigators in October of 2016 as part of an overall Russian hacking investigation.
Asked if there had been a FISA warrant to that end, Clapper - who was Director of National Intelligence (DNI) in the Obama administration - flatly declared: "I can deny it.
But in the coming days, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court -- known as the FISA court or FISC -- will get more attention after President Donald Trump claimed he was wiretapped during the Obama administration.
Any such order would have been filed under "FISA" -- the Foreign intelligence Security Act -- with a special, secret court that has the power to issue warrants for wiretaps and other forms of cybersurveillance. The request for such a warrant would have ...
One thing is for sure though, and the nub of it is, if they do it would have been pursuant to a warrant issued by a judge not by the command of President Obama.
The same day, former Director of National Intelligence James Clapper denied that Trump Tower was wiretapped or that a FISA (Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court Act) warrant permitting surveillance of Trump Tower existed. Some Hill Republicans ...
What about these reports that you were in contact with Russian intelligence? Why are law enforcement sources risking their credibility with New York Times reporters and claiming that they have collected evidence under a FISA warrant showing that this ...
As HeatStreet and others, such as MotherJones, The Guardian, and GatewayPundit have already reported, the FBI sought in June, and re-sought and received in October, a Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) warrant to spy on a Trump server and ...
The Justice Department applies for the warrants in a one-sided process before judges of the secretive Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court.
On Sunday, however, the Washington Post's Glenn Kessler, in a fact-checking piece about Trump's claims, wrote, "The Washington Post for months has sought to confirm this report of a FISA warrant related to the Trump campaign but has been unable to do ...
NSA whistleblower Bill Binney told Sean Hannity Monday that the Intel community routinely spies on American's without FISA warrants. (Washington, DC) ... They were transcribing conversations between U.S. citizens with no warrant at all." Binney, who ...
A FISA warrant isn't just approved because a president wants it approved. There are quite a few steps in the process, and it's handled by the Justice Department, not the White House.
Louise Mensch, writing in Heat Street in November, described a warrant being successfully granted by the FISA court - a highly secretive body that deals in foreign intelligence - in October.
There have been media reports of warrants from the secret FISA (Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act) Court being issued to monitor certain contacts between the Trump campaign and Russia.
Obama could not order a FISA warrant. Obtaining one would require officials at the Justice Department to seek permission from the FISA court, which is shrouded in secrecy. judges could order prosecutors to share FISA information with defendants if they ...
Where did the liberal BBC's story (building on a story first reported by Heat Street) on intelligence agencies receiving a FISA court warrant to investigate Russian-Trumpworld ties come from? It came from a "senior member of the US intelligence ...
Defendants later charged in the criminal justice system may ultimately learn that the government intends to use at trial evidence collected through a FISA warrant, but they are not presented with the actual application for a warrant. And FISA warrants ...
What some are pointing to in the controversy is whether anyone in the Obama government requested a warrant to gather information, and whether surveillance on Trump Tower is legal.
Heat Street: "Two separate sources with links to the counter-Intelligence Community have confirmed to Heat Street that the FBI sought, and was granted, a FISA court warrant in October, giving counter-intelligence permission to examine the activities of ...
The Obama administration's former Director of National Intelligence James Clapper Jr. further added on Meet the Press Sunday that, to his knowledge, there were no secret intelligence warrants regarding Trump or his campaign to begin with. ... There was ...
National Republican political strategist and media consultant Rick Wilson reminded President Trump this morning that the wiretapping was hardly a secret, the FBI was granted a FISA warrant in October covering Trump's ties to Russia.
While it is possible that Trump's communications were intercepted by American intelligence agencies, that would also suggest that a FISA court granted a surveillance warrant after finding probable cause that members of the Trump campaign team ...
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, commonly referred to as the "FISA Court," is a secret tribunal with legal authority to grant (or deny) warrants for electronic surveillance against would-be Spies or terrorists. The court -- made up of 11 ...
Although FISA was intended to oversee spy programmes targeting foreigners, data pertaining to Americans was also collected, without warrants, as part of its sweeping surveillance. However, it still remains unclear as to how many Americans were affected ...
... could theoretically involve the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, FISA. There were some stories circulating on the internet before the election - with no strong evidence to support - that a FISA warrant had been approved; it's still not clear ...


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