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 Bantustans

A Bantustan (also known as Bantu homeland, black homeland, black state or simply homeland) was a territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia), as part of the policy of apartheid. Ten Bantustans were established in South Africa, and ten in neighbouring South West Africa (then under South African administration), for the purpose of concentrating the members of designated ethnic groups, thus making each of those territories ethnically homogeneous as the basis for creating "autonomous" nation states for South Africa's different black ethnic groups.


The term was first used in the late 1940s and was coined from Bantu (meaning "people" in some of the Bantu languages) and -stan (a suffix meaning "land" in the Persian language and some Persian-influenced languages of western, southern and Central Asia). It was regarded as a disparaging term by some critics of the apartheid-era government's "homelands" (from Afrikaans tuisland). The word "bantustan", today, is often used in a pejorative sense when describing a region that lacks any real legitimacy, consists of several unconnected enclaves, or emerges from national or international gerrymandering.


Four of the South African Bantustans—Transkei, Bophuthatswana, Venda, and Ciskei (the so-called "TBVC States")—were declared independent, though this was not officially recognised outside of South Africa. Other South African Bantustans (like KwaZulu, Lebowa, and QwaQwa) received partial autonomy but were never granted independence. In South West Africa, Ovamboland, Kavangoland, and East Caprivi were granted self-determination.


The Bantustans were abolished with the end of apartheid and re-joined South Africa proper.

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He championed the Oslo Accords as a political treaty that would entrench the Israeli occupation and turn the little that remained of historic Palestine into disjointed Bantustans as was the case, if not to a worse extent, in apartheid South Africa. Yet ...
Israel's post-Oslo proposals, deliberately made unacceptable to any Palestinian leader, would allow Israel to retain most illegally occupied lands, leaving only fragmented Bantustans comprising less than 10 percent of historic Palestine, without self ...

He championed the Oslo Accords as a political treaty that would entrench the Israeli occupation and turn the little that remained of historic Palestine into disjointed Bantustans, as was the case, if not to a worse extent, in apartheid South Africa ...
The fragmentation of the West Bank into Bantustans makes it impossible to treat the territory as a whole and pipe water from one area to another order to serve the entire population.
He championed the Oslo Accords as a political treaty that would entrench the Israeli occupation and turn the little that remained of historic Palestine into disjointed Bantustans, as was the case, if not to a worse extent, in apartheid South Africa ...
He championed the Oslo Accords as a political treaty that would entrench the Israeli occupation and turn the little that remained of historic Palestine into disjointed Bantustans, as was the case, if not to a worse extent, in apartheid South Africa ...

... Jerusalem and its silence on the dehumanizing Israeli blockade of Gaza, emboldened Israel's theocratic right-wing government to further encroach on Palestinian Territories and cementing into place an apartheid-like series of Palestinian "Bantustans ...
George Matanzima, brother of Kaiser Matanzima and leader of the Transkei Bantustan, was toppled by his own military forces and forced to flee from the Transkei after a bloodless coup led by Defence Force Chief Major-General Bantu Holomisa.
... Jerusalem and its silence on the dehumanizing Israeli blockade of Gaza, emboldened Israel's theocratic right-wing government to further encroach on Palestinian Territories and cementing into place an apartheid-like series of Palestinian "Bantustans ...
... shadow of its former self, had declared the "two-state solution" that he had promoted "unattainable" and was advocating an apartheid plan of imprisoning Palestinians inside fragmented Bantustan-like territories through a vast expansion of ...
He championed the Oslo Accords as a political treaty that would entrench the Israeli occupation and turn the little that remained of historic Palestine into disjointed Bantustans, as was the case, if not to a worse extent, in apartheid South Africa ...
The first three apartheid prime ministers all pushed for it to be incorporated into the Union of South Africa; in their mind it was the ur-Bantustan, a vast reserve that predated and surpassed the 7% of South Africa allocated to Africans in the 1913 ...
They were torn from their homes and herded into territories designated for blacks, known as Bantustans, where millions of people lived in squalor and were forced to seek employment as "guest workers" in South Africa proper in order to support themselves.
... project nor did it intend to create a fully viable and independent Palestinian State as much as it sought to bring about a mosaic of Palestinian Bantustans that would have a degree of autonomy but would always remain under the grip of the Israeli ...
Because those who gathered in 1991 and imposed the ethnic based Bantustan, and wrote the current Constitution were all ethnic based parties.
This is apparent in the relatively slow pace of urbanisation in SA (almost a third of the population still lives in the former Bantustans) and in the declining electoral performance of the ANC in the cities. If SA's economy is to grow, and if we are to ...
The tribal authority boundaries added up to the apartheid Bantustans, which have been used to define the areas to which the bill will apply.

6) There is a great need for a media (dis)information campaign telling the Ethiopian people how Tigreans do not practice ethnic supremacy.
By the late 1970s, the state stepped up its campaign to remove whole communities out of "white" South Africa into Bantustans and, at a mass meeting of affected communities at a hall in Durban in 1981, one of the targeted communities - Chesterville ...
... separate Bantustans, and PERMANENTLY SUBJUGATE the Sinhala Budhhist to the will of the MINORITIES, and PERMANENTLY BLOCKING ALL AVENUES to restoring the PRIMACY of the Sinhala Buddhist Community through legislative BARRIERS!
SHORTLY before and even after Independence, the notion of One Namibia, One Nation has been a rallying cry. But as the governing party clearly and deliberately courted sycophants willing to accept its advances in order to further their own selfish needs ...
Johannesburg - Hlaudi Motsoeneng is a survivor. South Africa's broadcasting czar has survived insurmountable obstacles, among them a scathing Public Protector's report exposing him as a lying rogue and court orders prohibiting him from running the ...
By the late 1970s, the state stepped up its campaign to remove whole communities out of "white" South Africa into Bantustans and, at a mass meeting of affected communities at a hall in Durban in 1981, one of the targeted communities - Chesterville ...
The Bantustans [lands set aside for black Africans] formed a pool of dependent laborers for South Africa's mines and white-owned commercial farms.
This is the "peace" of the Bantustan archipelago of demilitarized statelets known in Washington's corridors as the "two-state solution.
l Well-intentioned efforts to transform Bantustan institutions led to a subconscious but virulent hatred and neglect of infrastructure inherited from the Transkei and Ciskei.
... John Craig, Totalsports and Sportscene. Thohoyandou is a town in the Limpopo Province. It is the administrative centre of Vhembe District Municipality and Thulamela Local Municipality.
L'apartehid separava neri e bianchi nelle zone abitate da entrambi (per esempio, neri e bianchi avevano posti separati Sui mezzi pubblici), istituiva i Bantustan, territori solo formalmente indipendenti in cui i neri venivano costretti a trasferirsi ...
Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd (born on 8 September 1901) was a right wing authoritarian leader and is regarded as the mastermind behind apartheid.
When the numbers are closely examined, a pattern emerges: schools that are the worst off are in former Bantustan areas. For instance, over 2 000 Eastern Cape schools lack a reliable water supply, half of the national total.
It highlights tourism, agriculture, agri-processing and hydropower production as the sectors offering the best prospects for growth to turn this situation around and create a prosperous region from the most entrenched vestiges of the failed "Bantustan ...
Bennett's plan is to annex all of Area C, which would permanently bottle up Palestinians into Bantustans. To see what that would look like readers need only search for a map of Area C. That "all within the boundaries of what was held in trust for the ...
In the past 20 years they have stolen far more than the most corrupt of apartheid's enforcers and Bantustan stooges - but the loot stashed at home and offshore is fast becoming worthless.
It is like the South-South is now a Bantustan, and only exists to be robbed, used and abused for its oil, and abandoned. To give an example.
In 1976 he joined the Transkei Defense Force, itself a subsidiary of the South African Defense Force owing to the Transkei being a Bantustan republic. He quickly rose through the ranks of the TDF, becoming a lieutenant in 1978 and in the following nine ...
The same applies in the former Bantustans, where 18-million live, often in houses they have built at their own cost, but which they don't own because it is state land vested in the hands of traditional leaders, who rule the roost there.
The government created a new curriculum for black people in which they were taught skills related to manual labour and serving in their Bantustans. In Israel, citizens are given equal opportunity in the workplace and educational department as evidenced ...
... of concern about the lack of moral qualifications of those leading law enforcement agencies would help (just in case you've forgotten, Hawks head Mthandazo Ntlemeza was found to be a liar by a judge, and joined the Bantustan police during the 1980s).
The country decided to shun federalism, understandably because of the horrors and absurdity of segregation of Bantustans by the apartheid regime, in favour of a unitary state.
When the apartheid security apparatus was at its most powerful, when its Bantustan proxies were at their most brutal, he was prepared to stand up for what was right and good and true.
"On the other hand, you had the Bantustans, which were incorporated into the government and brought with them their culture of corruption; and the operatives from the apartheid government itself who got incorporated into the new government.
Like the current system in Israel, apartheid regarded black South Africans as citizens not of South Africa proper, but of "Bantustans," 10 homelands scattered across South African territory. Since blacks were citizens of these Bantustans, they didn't ...
The kililistans (T-TPLF's equivalent of apartheid's "Bantustans") are dissolving before our eyes. The glue that made it possible for the T-TPLF to monopolize and cling to power for the past quarter of a century has been the politics of hate - blind ...
This is primarily the result of historical levels of poverty and inequality resulting from apartheid's Bantustan legacy.
Ma had died fifteen years after sustaining a bullet wound at the Bisho massacre in '92, when eighty-thousand protestors, led by the ANC and aiming to dissolve the last remaining Bantustan in the country, had been gunned down by the Ciskei Defence Force ...
... subjected black people to an inhumane existence without the basic necessities - water, sanitation, electricity, decent schooling facilities - all of a sudden claim to understand the plight of the disenfranchised masses who now live in the former ...
What motivates them to assume that if we end the occupation, establish a Palestinian State, separate Palestinians lives' from ours, and leave them to manage whatever is left of their lives in what will become an ad hoc Bantustan, then we Israelis can ...
When Economic Freedom Fighters Chief Whip Floyd Shivambu asked why a person who had been "implementing apartheid laws" should be trusted, Majola - who started out as a KwaZulu Bantustan prosecutor and magistrate in the early 1970s - quietly ...
The Palestine Authority is a "grand apartheid" Bantustan, but with even less autonomy or legitimacy than SA's Bantustans. The reality is that Israel/Palestine is one country, and the "two state solution" is a non-starter. The British put European ...
They responded critically to the formation of homelands, the nature of the Bantustans, the revolutionary alliance and the establishment of the black representative trade unions.


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