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 opioids

opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects. Medically they are primarily used for pain relief, including anesthesia. Other medical uses include suppression of diarrhea, treating opioid use disorder, reversing opioid overdose, suppressing cough, and suppressing opioid induced constipation. Extremely potent opioids such as carfentanil are only approved for veterinary use. opioids are also frequently used non-medically for their euphoric effects or to prevent withdrawal.

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updated Mon. January 22, 2018

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It's a trend that's occurring around Steuben County. "I get at least three to five anonymous tips a day," said Steuben County Sheriff Jim Allard. Most of those tips involve meth or opioids. Allard said 16 deaths due to opioid overdoses occurred in 2016, up from four deaths in 2015. This is partly attributed to the ...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently reported 3 that more than 63,600 people died from drug overdoses in 2016 (the last year with complete statistics); more than two-thirds of those were due to opioids. It was the worst year on record -- and even more families lost loved ones to opioids ...

... evolution of the opioid epidemic. Most of these celebrity deaths underscored the fact that drug combinations are particularly deadly, especially those involving alcohol or alprazolam (commonly known as Xanax). We learned drug users like Monteith and Hoffman were switching from prescription opioids, ...
... in the pharmaceutical supply chain, and that it distributes opioids only to pharmacies that are licensed with the state and registered with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. She pointed to a statement on the company's website saying allegations that McKesson fueled opioid abuse are unfounded.
Arizona officials' plan to deal with the rising crisis of opioid addiction is to limit the amount of pills doctors could prescribe. Legislation coming from Gov. Doug Ducey would seek to bar physicians from prescribing more than five days for patients that are new to taking opioids. The bill would seek to not impact ...
On the prevention side, the proposal includes a public awareness campaign and new K-12 education standards to include opioid abuse and addiction prevention. Beyond education, the plan also seeks to make changes to opioid prescription doses, including setting caps on prescriptions. ▻ More: opioids ...

Nashville, Tenn. -- Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam is slated to unveil a plan to combat the state's opioid epidemic. The Republican governor plans to release the details in a news conference Monday alongside Senate Speaker Randy McNally, House Speaker Beth Harwell and Supreme Court Chief Justice ...
22, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- In yet another example of how far-reaching the fallout from America's opioid epidemic is, researchers report that babies exposed to these narcotics while in the womb run ... Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is triggered by withdrawal after exposure to opioids in the womb.
Since the 1990s, however, pharmaceutical companies have systematically distorted perceptions about opioids, through paid speakers, sponsored "education" and bought-off organizations. opioid manufacturers are directly responsible for the current opioid addiction epidemic and continue spreading ...
Researchers at Dartmouth College in Hanover, N.H., have been studying the issue to try to understand why the state's opioid problem is so dire. One big reason, they say, is the proximity to an abundant drug supply in neighboring Massachusetts, the center of drug distribution networks that traffic opioids ...
opioid overdoses are a regular occurrence and are on the rise, according to statistics from Fredericksburg police and the sheriff's offices in Stafford and Spotsylvania ... With opioids, the drug itself is doing the killing, rather than criminal violence related to the cocaine and crack outbreaks that turned deadly.
Drafted by an expert panel and with input from more than 300 public comments and state agencies, the plan acknowledges the "dual challenge" in addressing addiction both in prescribed opioids, such as pain pills, and illicit opioids like heroin and fentanyl. DHHR estimates West Virginians will have ...
The consolidation comes in the midst of the most widespread and deadly drug crisis in the nation's history. The government tallied 63,600 overdose drug deaths in 2016, another record. Most of the deaths involved prescription opioids such as OxyContin or Vicodin or related illicit drugs such as heroin and ...
Trump has pledged to marshal federal government talent and resources to address the opioid crisis, but nearly a year after his inauguration, the Drug Policy office, ... The office hired Weyeneth in March "after seeing his passion and commitment on the issue of opioids and drug addiction," the official said.
When people started to show up to Dr. William Cooke's primary care office in Austin, Ind., in 2014 with HIV, Cooke knew it was probably related to the region's opioid epidemic. But what he and the rest of the public health community didn't know was who they were missing or how long the HIV outbreak had ...
Waiting months to get numbers on opioid overdoses had police playing catch-up. So Monroe County law enforcement did something about the data lag. Health reporter Patti Singer's podcast explains in a podcast why real-time data matters. Also, Rochester Regional and UR Medicine are making urgent ...
The devastating effects of opioid abuse are rippling through families and neighborhoods across the United States. To improve our coverage we are seeking to learn more about what our readers are looking for. Tell us what kinds of stories you'd like to see us cover. Your answers will be confidential and only ...

PAUL -- To combat the growing opioid crisis Minnesota needs more funding and flexibility from federal officials to support unique and successful ... Smith emphasized her support for a so-called "Penny a Pill" surcharge on opioids that would raise funding to pay for prevention and treatment efforts.
Ruhm doesn't take his findings to mean that economic issues or other factors besides supply played no role in causing the opioid epidemic. In his view, socioeconomic factors and other issues created a powder keg for opioid misuse, and the sudden expansion of the supply of opioids was the match that lit ...
Tamper-resistant or "abuse-deterrent" opioids have been held up by the pharmaceutical industry, government health agencies, state lawmakers, and health professionals as a potential solution to the opioid epidemic growing in the US. The problem is there's little to no evidence abuse-deterrent pills actually ...
Doctors at some of the largest U.S. hospital chains admit they went overboard with opioids to make people as pain-free as possible, and now they shoulder part of the blame for the nation's opioid crisis. In an effort to be part of the cure, they've begun to issue an uncomfortable warning to patients: You're ...
Numerous studies confirm that methadone and buprenorphine are both highly effective for treating opioid addiction. (The effectiveness of detoxification -- total abstinence from opioids -- for long-term addiction management, which is strongly emphasized in popular treatment narratives, has been called into ...
And, since the expansion of Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act, its benefits have been a key component in addressing the rise of substance abuse. From 2011 to 2016, Medicaid spending on prescription treatments for opioid use disorder rose from $394.2 million to $929.9 million, according to a report ...
Abuse-deterrent oxycodone replaced the original formulation in Australia in April 2014, and the country did not institute other policies relating to opioids. Such a study wouldn't be possible in the U.S., because there have been numerous responses to the opioid crisis, including prescription drug monitoring ...
Some doctors in Boston noticed a spike in overdoses, perhaps caused by an especially potent batch of opioids, in the late summer of 2017. In mid-September, the Boston public health Commission issued a warning to hospitals and clinics about a 50 percent increase in drug-related calls to EMS in August, ...
Washington (CNN) As lawmakers gathered in the Oval Office Wednesday night for a bipartisan bill signing to combat opioids, President Donald Trump made one ... Trump said it feels like a "very giant step" in the opioid crisis but argued "it's not going to be a giant step, because no matter what you do, this is ...
"Given the epidemic of opioid addiction, we're concerned about unnecessary exposure to opioids, especially in young children. We know that any exposure to opioid drugs can lead to future addiction. It's become clear that the use of prescription, opioid-containing medicines to treat cough and cold in ...
The advocacy and action group was formed last year in response to guidelines written by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for prescribing opioids for chronic pain (pain that lasts longer than three months). The guidelines were developed in response to the growing opioid epidemic, which ...
Most people agree that the federal government should tackle public health crises, and there is a particular consensus about the current epidemic involving opioids. the White House announced last fall that President Trump was "mobilizing his entire administration to address drug addiction and opioid ...
They also surveyed 600 people who misuse prescription opioids. The researchers found sales of the high-strength, tamper-resistant OxyContin tablets had gone down, but this was offset by an increase in sales of lower-strength, non-tamper-resistant oxycodone formulations. In Australia, opioid use has ...
Doctors at some of the country's largest hospital chains admit they went overboard with opioids to make people as pain-free as possible. Now the doctors shoulder part of the blame for the country's opioid crisis. In an effort to be part of the cure, they've begun to issue an uncomfortable warning to patients: ...
At issue are four proposals: to stop doctors from prescribing more than three days' worth of opioids to treat acute pain, to share a state database of opioid prescriptions with other states, to require doctors to check the database before prescribing opioids, and for them to be trained on proper prescribing ...
WAUSAU - Pregnant Wisconsin women addicted to opioids could have greater access to treatment under recommendations approved Friday by a state committee. The recommendations, presented during a meeting of the governor's opioid task force at Northcentral Technical College in Wausau, stem from ...
"To try to explain to a mother, father or wife that their child or husband or child is dead because of drugs... it's hard to accept," said Mark Bowen, Augusta Richmond Coroner. The GBI medical examiner says in Richmond County opioids specifically caused 24 deaths in 2017. "It's just a huge problem in ...
Medical cannabis can save lives in a country where opioids continue to take them. It offers patients an alternative to addictive opioids. It also helps combat withdrawal symptoms and could give those struggling with addiction a way to detox without feeling as though they are dying. It could be an effective way ...
Johnson County, Tennessee, which was featured in an October NBC News story about babies who are born addicted to opioids, said in its lawsuit that "in 2016 for every 100 Johnson County residents, there were 106.6 opioid prescriptions dispensed." The companies being sued: Several of the largest opioid makers, ...
In 2016, eight people in the city died from opioids, data from Keene police show. But during that year, Keene firefighters actually responded to fewer cases in the city for which they administered Narcan, a drug that helps counter the effects of an opioid overdose, than in 2017. In 2016, Keene firefighters used ...
CHAPEL HILL, N.C. -- scientists claim they have made a breakthrough in the search for a non-addictive alternative to opioids. The Guardian reported that researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill claim to have unveiled the structure of a receptor protein in the brain as it binds with a ...
Fentanyl -- an opioid that can be 50 time stronger than heroin -- is being found in more and more heroin deaths. That's a major concern. She's had people come into her treatment facility who offer surprised looks on their faces when tests show that they have fentanyl in their systems. And it's not just being ...
Jeff Wood had just won election as carbon County sheriff when his friend died of an opioid overdose in December 2014. ... other community leaders say that sense of community is key to turning the corner on the county's high rates of overdose and deaths linked to misuse of prescribed and illicit opioids.
Winnebago County, according to the lawsuit, had 48 deaths from opioids between 2013 and 2015. Adjusted for population, Winnebago County saw more opioid deaths than Brown and Outagamie Counties, which both have larger populations. At least 478 people died between 2013 and 2016 in the 12 ...
... Arizona since enhanced tracking efforts were implemented in June. About 15 percent of overdoses were fatal during that six-month time frame, according to near-real-time data reported to the Arizona Department of Health Services. About half of people who overdosed on suspected opioids used at least ...
The manufacturer of OxyContin has pledged to "redouble" its efforts against illegal abuse of the opioid drug, but unsealed documents tell a far different story of how Purdue PhaRMA aggressively promoted use of the drug in Washington state. The documents, which Purdue claimed were a trade secret, were ...
An illustration of the kappa opioid receptor bound to a morphine derivative (purple). Illustration: Tao Che and Daniel Wacker/ Roth Lab/UNC school of Medicine. Roth adds that understanding the structure of the kappa opioid receptor, and how it interacts with opioids, could help scientists develop drugs that ...
HEMPSTEAD COUNTY, AR - Deputies in Hempstead County will be carrying medication to help combat opioid overdoses. Deputies and jailers will be trained in the use of Naloxone, deputies will carry two doses of the medication with them in case they encounter someone who has overdosed on opioid's ...
One in 10 cancer patients who took opioids for the first time after curative-intent surgery continued filling prescriptions a year later, researchers found in a retrospective review of insurance claims. Among opioid-naive patients, the risk of new, persistent opioid use was 10.4% (95% CI 10.1%-10.7%), reported ...
'diseases of despair': The roles trauma, mental illness and inequity play in the opioid crisis ... Childhood trauma, depression, chronic pain and other conditions officials call "diseases of despair" are a root cause of Minnesota's opioid crisis. People with ... In the end, they were hooked on opioids. "I had a void ...
Last May, researchers at Johns Hopkins University presented results of an internal study showing that most orthopedic surgery patients didn't take all the opioid pills they were given at discharge, nor were many told what to do with unused pills. Click here to read our original report on the study.
As we arrive at the close of 2017, we remain in the throes of a horrific crisis - the same deadly crisis that has plagued the region for too many years, and that is so severe that Essex County District Attorney Jonathan Blodgett declared it to be an epidemic more than three years ago. The opioid crisis. It rages ...
One policy change that she says could help save lives right now is to require doctors in every state to check prescription monitoring databases, which would prevent doctors from prescribing or refilling opioids to people who don't actually need it or are dealing with an addiction. She says waiting for doctors ...


 

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     opioids