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 Congressional Research Service

The

Congressional Research Service

is the public policy resear ch arm of the United States Congress. As a legislative branch agency within the Library of Congress, CRS works exclusively and directly for Members of Congress, their Committees and staff on a confidential, nonpartisan basis.



History and Mission





Congress created CRS in order to have its own source of nonpartisan, objective analysis and research on all legislative issues. Indeed, the sole mission of CRS is to serve the United States Congress. CRS has been carrying out this mission since 1914, when it was first established as the Legislative Reference Service. Renamed the Congressional Research Service by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970, CRS is committed to providing the Congress, throughout the legislative process, comprehensive and reliable analysis, research and information services that are timely, objective, nonpartisan, and confidential, thereby contributing to an informed national legislature.

The

Congressional Research Service

is the public policy resear ch arm of the United States Congress. As a legislative branch agency within the Library of Congress, CRS works exclusively and directly for Members of Congress, their Committees and staff on a confidential, nonpartisan basis.

History and Mission

Congress created CRS in order to have its own source of nonpartisan, objective analysis and research on all legislative issues. Indeed, the sole mission of CRS is to serve the United States Congress. CRS has been carrying out this mission since 1914, when it was first established as the Legislative Reference Service. Renamed the Congressional Research Service by the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970, CRS is committed to providing the Congress, throughout the legislative process, comprehensive and reliable analysis, research and information services that are timely, objective, nonpartisan, and confidential, thereby contributing to an informed national legislature.

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updated Sun. April 22, 2018

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As this Congressional Research Service chart notes, members' salaries in 2018 is $174,000 -- the same as it's been since 2009. (There are exceptions for Speaker of the House, who makes $223,500, and the President pro tempore of the Senate and the majority and minority leaders in the House ...
The legal framework governing the deployment and use of armed forces to guard the US border with Mexico is surveyed in a new publication from the Congressional Research Service. See The President's Authority to Use the National Guard or the Armed Forces to Secure the Border, CRS Legal ...

But while "the F-35 promises significant advances in military capability…, reaching that capability has put the program above its original budget and behind the planned schedule," according to the Congressional Research Service. See F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Program, updated April 13, 2018.
The following is the April 5, 2018 Congressional Research Service report, Navy Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) Program: Background and Issues for Congress. From the Report: The Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) is a relatively inexpensive surface combatant equipped with modular mission packages. Navy ...
New analysis about Republicans' proposed 20-week abortion ban says the common medical procedure is safe, and that delays in care caused by restrictions are why some are forced to seek abortion care later in pregnancy. The Congressional Research Service (CRS), a division of the Library of ... GOP
The following is the March 26, 2018 Congressional Research Service report, Iran: Politics, Human Rights, and U.S. Policy. From the Report: Since the Islamic Revolution in Iran in 1979, the United States and Iran have been broadly at odds. During the 1980s and 1990s, U.S. officials identified Iran's ... Rights

The bill lifted a 64-year-old ban that prevented the highly respected, nonpartisan Congressional Research Service, which is the legislative branch's in-house think tank, from sharing its massive store of knowledge with the public. The service, which is part of the Library of Congress, cranks out more ...
All non-confidential reports of the Congressional Research Service must be made publicly available online through a Government Publishing Office website within 90 to 270 days under a provision of the 2018 omnibus appropriations act that was passed by Congress and signed by the President last week.
Iraq's government declared military victory against the terrorist insurgents of the Islamic State group (IS, aka ISIS/ISIL) in December 2017, but counterinsurgency and counterterrorism operations against the group are ongoing. Iraqis are shifting their attention toward recovery and the country's political future. ... Iraq
The fiscal 2018 omnibus spending bill includes a provision that would require Congressional Research Service reports be made available to the public, through a website set up by the the Librarian of Congress. The CRS, as it's known, is effectively Congress' in-house think tank. It prepares analysis ...
By contrast, it's also unknown how many guns drop out of circulation, either by being destroyed or seized by law enforcement. One estimate said that there were believed to have been 310,000,000 guns in the U.S. in 2009, according to a Congressional Research Service report published in November 2012 ...
According to the Congressional Research Service, Americans own nearly half of the estimated 650 million civilian-owned guns worldwide. Since our gun laws are among the most lenient in the world, and we are reeling from an unprecedented string of school shootings, our students should learn, now, what ...
CNN also cited the Congressional Research Service, to show that Americans owned approximately 48 percent of the 650 million guns in the world. The Second Amendment is important in its place in history, but it is being abused. People are dying because Americans cannot stand the idea of proper gun ...
Recent and proposed nuclear weapons-related spending is detailed by Amy F. Woolf of the Congressional Research Service in Energy and Water Development Appropriations: Nuclear Weapons Activities, February 27, 2018. Another new CRS report discusses blockchain, the technology that underlies ...
The Congressional Research Service found, in any case, that between 1970 and 2013 the days between public mass shootings “have become fewer” as “the incidents have become more prevalent.” And the increase continues. This increase and transformation seems more a cultural happening — a ...
The Congressional Research Service found that from 2007 to 2013, there were seven mass public shootings in which 10 or more people were killed, and two of those incidents happened in schools. Those were the 2007 Virginia Tech shooting and the 2012 shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in ...
Recently, leadership of the Congressional Research Service and the Library of Congress were presented with a memorandum. It expressed concern that the agencies' analysts, attorneys, and reference experts were being muzzled a bit. “We are concerned that CRS risks falling short of its mission if it holds ...

The last one happened in 2013 and lasted 16 days. According to the Congressional Research Service, we've lived through 12 shutdowns since 1981—ranging in duration from one to 21 days. Fun fact: Congress will still get paid because House and Senate members' salaries are written into permanent law ...
... that have been furloughed," said Colonel Greg Hapgood with the Iowa National Guard. A similar shutdown happened back in 2013 under former President Obama; that one lasted nearly 17 days. According to the Congressional Research Service, 40% of the federal workforce was furloughed at that time.
More than 5,100 people were put under administrative arrest as a result of work-site raids in fiscal 2008, indicating that they were arrested for immigration offenses, according to the Congressional Research Service. That tally plummeted the following year, dropping 68 percent to 1,644 administrative arrests.
According to Congressional Research Service Africa analyst Lauren Ploch, the return of foreign fighters from Iraq and Syria to their home countries in Africa will pose a huge problem for DoD. Tunisia has the highest recorded number of foreign fighters who have traveled to Iraq and Syria ever; Libya's weak ...
The following is the Jan. 12, 2018 Congressional Research Service report, Navy Columbia Class (Ohio Replacement) Ballistic Missile Submarine (SSBN-826) Program: Background and Issues for Congress. From the Report: The Columbia (SSBN-826) class program, previously known as the Ohio ...
There have been 12 shutdowns since 1981, ranging in duration from a single day to 21 days, according to the Congressional Research Service. The last shutdown happened in 2013 and lasted 16 days. Nearly 800,000 federal employees were out of work without pay. In addition, more than a million other ...
Here's a look at how long federal funding gaps have lasted since 1976, according to a Congressional Research Service report from September of last year. Data: Congressional Research Service; Chart: Lazaro Gamio / Axios. Show less. Notes. One important note: The report states that though a shutdown ...
Some of the award's 300 recipients include George Washington and Mother Teresa, according to the Congressional Research Service. Much of his best thinking, Dole said, was done while gazing from his West-facing offices in the Capitol the length of the Mall, past the Washington Memorial and across the ...
A Congressional Research Service report noted that, “since 1979, the impact of negative blue slips has varied as leadership in the Senate ...
... Jane Gravelle, author of a 2014 report for the Congressional Research Service comparing international corporate tax rates, said in an email.
... program is nearly $25 billion in debt, according to reports from the Government Accountability Office and Congressional Research Service.
“According to The Hill, the independent Congressional Research Service says that our 'debt eventually must be repaid, either through ...
... immigration policies have motivated children to migrate to the United States,” according to a 2014 Congressional Research Service report.
... there are 80 veterans in the 435-seat House and 20 veterans in the 100-member Senate, according to the Congressional Research Service.
The nonpartisan Congressional Research Service has acknowledged that there's no clear answer to this question, but it does note that Black's ...
WASHINGTON — The House voted overwhelming on Friday to approve $15.3 billion in federal aid for Hurricane Harvey-affected states, over ...
According to a history of the debt limit from the Congressional Research Service, the first debt limit came as part of the Second Liberty Bond Act ...
The following is the Aug. 14, 2017 Congressional Research Service report, Navy Lasers, Railgun and Hypervelocity Projectile. Navy Lasers ...
The Congressional Research Service has prepared a summary overview of the presidential pardon power, addressing various legal questions ...
The problem of “domestic terrorism” is examined in a new report from the Congressional Research Service, along with an assessment of the ...
But according to the Congressional Research Service and The New York Times, a bribery conviction would not automatically force Menendez ...
A 2014 study by the Congressional Research Service put it this way: “A review of statistical evidence suggests that both labor supply and ...
In a joint statement, Cardin and Van Hollen said they have contacted the Congressional Research Service and the National Park Service to ...
... Mr. Merlis earned his livelihood providing health-care analysis for the Library of Congress' Congressional Research Service and, later, as an ...
USA – -(Ammoland.com)- A report issued Aug. 7 by the Congressional Research Service providing lawmakers with a detailed analysis of ATF ...
The Congressional Research Service says, as of late 2016, there are 9,800 troops in Afghanistan. In 2007, there were 24,000 American troops ...
Under Obama, US troops in the country peaked in 2011 at nearly 100,000, according to Congressional Research Service data. The US ...
According to a report by the Congressional Research Service, Trump is allowed to accept a gift from Kraft, a longtime friend, as long as the president included it ...
The two-page brief report by independent and bipartisan Congressional Research Service (CRS) titled 'China-Border Tensions at Doka La' ...
According to a new analysis from the Congressional Research Service obtained by the Federation of American Scientists, Congress can take ...
includes Lance's provision to make reports compiled by the Congressional Research Service publicly available. The cost of doing the research ...
Between 1995 and 2008, the US sent $1.35 billion to North Korea, mostly for food aid and energy assistance, according to a Congressional Research Service report. Analysts say when it comes to North Korea policy, there are few new options to try ...
Pickets and demonstrators have protested the Republican plan to repeal and replace Obamacare since the plan was introduced. Here, activists picket in front of the offices of Sen. Jeff Flake, R-Ariz.


 

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