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 bacterium

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updated Wed. February 21, 2018

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The WPP includes plans to reduce bacteria levels by 34 percent in Dry Comal Creek and 50 percent in the Comal River to meet EPA targets over the next 10 years. It includes proposals to manage numbers of deer and non-native avian wildlife within city limits and educating the community on ways to ...
A lot of bacteria might have a bad rep, but with a little genetic tweaking we can put them to work producing drugs, cleaning water, detecting long-forgotten landmines, and repairing concrete. Now a team from the University of Cambridge and a Dutch company called Hoekmine BV has outlined how we might one day grow ...

NEW YORK (GenomeWeb) - The Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi strain behind a current outbreak has acquired a plasmid that renders it resistant to five classes of antibiotics, according to an analysis from an international team of researchers. A typhoid fever outbreak emerged in Pakistan in November ...
Turning straw into gold is old hat: A bizarre species of bacteria practices a form of alchemy every time it breathes. The soil-living, rod-shaped bacterium Cupriavidus metallidurans is famous, biologically speaking, for being able to survive massive doses of toxic metals. Now, new research reveals that special ...
Though it is difficult for the organism to capture non-spectral colors like white, pink, and brown, the bacterium can change spectral colors according to different angles. Colorful mutations of flavobacteria in a petri dish. Villads Egede Johansen / Public Domain. "We mapped several genes with previously ...

The image shows a colony of the Flavobacterium IR1, 2 cm in diameter, growing on a nutrient agar plate. The cells in the colony are highly organised, thus forming a 2-D photonic crystal that interferes with light. This results in …more. Researchers have unlocked the genetic code behind some of the ...
Vampire bats have a very specialised diet - and some very specialised bacteria to help. Nicolas Reusens / Barcroft Image / Barcroft Media via Getty Images. A new study of common vampire bats demonstrates some unique adaptations for its blood-sucking lifestyle, as well as the importance of a holistic ...
To find out, his group constructed mutants of the bacterium Escherichia coli and the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae in which the composition of these "building blocks" could be varied. "As we varied the membrane phospholipid composition, we adversely affected cellular functions." Dowhan said.
Singapore: Some things are hard to outgrow. Like acne and the occasional smattering of pimples that continue to mar your complexion right into your 30s and 40s. If you notice that your skin tends to be prone to redness and break out around deadline time, there is a reason for this: Stress causes your ...
Alison Narayan at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor and her colleagues investigated an enzyme involved in manufacturing saxitoxin in the bacterium Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii T3. First, the authors determined which chemical ingredients the enzyme uses as a feedstock. Then the team fed ...
Singapore: Some things are hard to outgrow. Like acne and the occasional smattering of pimples that continue to mar your complexion right into your 30s and 40s. If you notice that your skin tends to be prone to redness and break out around deadline time, there is a reason for this: Stress causes your ...
"For most of modern medical history, bacteria were treated as enemy invaders that needed to be eliminated from the body. I think it is time to redefine our relationship with our microbiome," asserts Barko, a veterinarian who is completing a residency in small animal internal medicine and seeing patients at ...
A study published in 2016 in the Journal of Applied microbiology found high-powered jet hand dryers spread more germs than regular warm air dryers or paper towels. A 2010 study found those high-powered hand dryers actually reduced the transfer of bacteria compared to the regular dryers, but it was ...
Over the recent holiday travel season, insuranceQuotes.com tested surfaces at three of the country's busiest airports. Swabs from those tests were then sent off to a lab to determine the average number of viable bacteria and fungal cells per square inch, or colony-forming units (CFU) as they are otherwise ...
Researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic institution (WHOI), Duke University, and the University of California, Santa Cruz, analyzed bacteria on skin samples collected in early summer from 89 healthy humpback whales in waters off the Western Antarctic Peninsula. Nearly all had six core ...
CRISPR-associated protein Cas9 (white) from Staphylococcus aureus based on Protein database ID 5AXW. Credit: Thomas Splettstoesser (Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 4.0). A team of researchers with the Catholic University of America has found evidence that suggests a defense mechanism used by bacteria to ...

An Indiana University biologist has been awarded $1.15 million from the National Science Foundation to help "recruit" bacteria in the effort to improve health and reduce pollution. The grant will support Jake McKinlay's research on how bacteria cooperate or compete over nutrients. These interactions are ...
The team show that a novel strain of the inherited bacteria Wolbachia strongly blocks transmission of dengue and Zika virus among infected mosquitoes, offering a potential alternative to strains already being tested as virus control tools. scientists from the University of Glasgow's MRC Centre for Virus ...
Dr Louise Jopling will speak at the BioPharma Ambition conference about bacteriophage, a new scientific frontier for shaping the bacteria in our guts. She talked to Dr Claire O'Connell. The billions of bacteria in your gut can have a profound impact on your health. But what can keep those gut bugs in check ...
Four of the 13 sites in East Hampton scored high for the presence of enterococcus bacteria. One site had a medium score; the remainder were low. The highest counts recorded in East Hampton were taken from a manmade swale behind the Methodist Church, across Montauk Highway from the East ...
Detroit (WXYZ) - It's a typical household item you likely don't think twice about: sponges. Whether they're in the kitchen, bathroom or anywhere else in the house they can pose a threat if they're too old. This past week 7 Action News set out to compare household cleaners: organic versus bleach-based.
A day when taking a probiotic drink and eating vegetables could stave off colon cancer may just be closer. scientists in Singapore claim to have found a way to turn a harmless cocktail of the common gut bacteria E. coli Nissle and broccoli into a potent anti-cancer mix. The concoction has been proven in the ...
It's so weird: I've been sleeping terribly, stressing about grad school, and not drinking water -- and my skin looks like a vampire's True Death because of it. OK so maybe not so weird, but I definitely needed help. After reading Mother Dirt reviews online, I learned that straight-up bacteria is the new snail ...
A bacterium species that uses multiple methods to survive in the deep seas of Okinawa Prefecture could provide clues on how life was formed on Earth, Japanese researchers said. The scientists from the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth science and technology (JAMSTEC) and other institutions discovered ...
New microbial data from high in the Sierra Nevada Mountains of Spain has spawned an intriguing theory for the widespread dispersal of viruses and bacteria. The microbes hitch a ride on tiny dust and soil particles that are whisked around the world on high-altitude air currents, according to a paper in the ...
When they noticed a number of samples contained malacidins, they decided to dig a bit deeper into the compounds. After infecting rats with MRSA, a bacteria that's particularly resistant to most antibiotic treatments, the researchers treated the rodents with malacidins, and the compound eliminated the ...
A similar study in 2014, using a bacterium instead of a virus, found that jet air dryers spread 4.5 times as much bacteria as warm air dryers, and 27 times as much as paper towels -- but the study was funded by a trade association for paper manufacturers. Another study published in 2010 found that jet air ...
The findings revealed that not all strains of bacteria fight the same way. Each approaches conflict with a different level of attack, some being hyper-aggressive and others much more passive. In addition to these basic differences in aggression, the research also shows that some strains can not only detect ...
National Frozen Foods corporation is voluntarily recalling a limited quantity of Not-Ready-To Eat Individually Quick Frozen green beans and mixed vegetables because they have the potential to be contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes. Listeria can cause serious and sometimes fatal infections in ...
WASHINGTON (AP) - Regulators say a New Jersey company has recalled more than 3,400 pounds of beef meatballs that may be tainted with a bacteria known to cause listeriosis. The U.S. Department of Agriculture announced the recall involving Rich Products corporation of Vineland, New Jersey.
We all just tossed our romaine lettuce after the E.coli outbreak, only to learn it may not have been the leafy greens' fault all along. Every day it seems there's a new food out to get us, and nothing seems safe any more. A team of researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently developed a ...
This is actually a "capture molecule" with a chemical molecule 3-mercaptophenylboronic acid (3-MBPA) that acts as a bacteria magnet and binds to all bacteria present over the surface of the food item. This method is the chemical method of bacteria detection. This is called the "surface-enhanced Raman ...
bacteria have many sophisticated lines of defense against phages, but it's unknown how many are still awaiting discovery. Rotem Sorek, a molecular geneticist at the Weizmann Institute of science in Israel and colleagues sought to comprehensively identify bacterial antiphage defense systems.
A study of hundreds of women, carried out at Imperial College London, found that subtle changes to the bacteria present in the vagina were strongly associated with the mother's waters breaking early and preterm birth -- the baby being born before 37 weeks. According to the researchers, the findings show ...
coral reefs are having a tough time. From bleaching events to increasingly acidic and oxygen-free zones in the oceans due to climate change, threats to coral reefs and marine life are vast. Now, scientists have directly observed yet another menace, and it's a duo. Deadly bacteria and plastic, when ...
bacteria are vulnerable to deadly viruses called phages, which can hijack bacteria's genetic machinery and force them to produce viral DNA instead. Some bacteria protect themselves against phage attacks with a system called CRISPR, which stores pieces of past invaders' DNA so bacteria can recognize ...
Food scientist Lili He and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst report that they have developed a new, rapid and low-cost method for detecting bacteria in water or a food sample. Once commercially available, it should be useful to cooks using fresh fruits and vegetables, for example, and ...
A therapy whose developers say could revolutionize the battle against antibiotic-resistant lung infections in cystic fibrosis patients eliminated resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a lab, a study reports. The finding dealt with Synspira's polycationic glycopolymer SNSP113 as a stand-alone treatment. The study ...
Geologists in Queensland, Australia have discovered a unique type of bacteria that forges small bits of gold into solid nuggets. The discovery could allow mining companies to reprocess previously undesirable gold into market-ready products, and transform the ways in which gold-containing electronics are ...
An Arizona woman who was initially diagnosed with the flu turned out to have a life-threating infection with "flesh-eating" bacteria, according to news reports. The woman, Christin Lipinski, visited her doctor with flu-like symptoms and pain under her arm, according to ABC15 Arizona. She was diagnosed with ...
Purdue University researchers built this bizarre crawling robot baby to study how real infants kick up dirt and bacteria from carpet that they then inhale. engineer Brandon Boor and his colleagues ran the robot over carpet samples removed from people's homes and then analyzed the particulates that were ...
bacteria often complicate the treatment of chronic skin wounds in humans, driving a need for new therapies that reduce bacteria in wounds. Although previous research has explored the therapeutic value of MSC in healing, few studies examined the potential for MSC to inhibit bacterial growth. Harman and ...
The bacteria that can cause Legionnaires' disease has been found in the water systems of the state capitol complex in Springfield. Deputy Governor Trey Childress sent a memo to employees about 7 pm on Monday. In the memo, it stated preliminary test results indicate the possible presence of legionella ...
ASHEVILLE, N.C. (BP) -- Tiny biological motors that give bacteria the power to swim possess a complexity that baffles scientists and undercuts Darwin's theory of evolution. A recent study in Scientific Reports claims the existence of the motors shows evolution produces inevitable and creative ideas, ...
Your old mobile phone could hold value long after you throw it in the bin with a team of Australian researchers working to unlock the gold inside. Geologists have discovered bacteria on a patch of earth in regional Queensland that takes natural traces of gold and turns them into nuggets. The discovery ...
Cellulose is an abundant biopolymer made of strands of β-1,4-linked glucose units. It provides mechanical strength to plants and biofilms made by bacteria. A team led by Lynette Cegelski of Stanford University and Regine Hengge of Humboldt University of Berlin now reports that the cellulose made by ...
Ventura County, Calif. - Despite high levels of bacteria being reported on some local beaches, surfers are flocking to catch waves. "When there are waves, we surf and that is kind of what we do," said surfer Merz Muller. The Santa Barbara County public health Department is warning beachgoers of ...
The scientists made this enzyme not using any kind of rational design or strategy; they were just tooling around with random amino acid sequences and having bacteria determine if they could do what they wanted. In a completely contrived case of convergent evolution, the researchers made a protein that ...
We owe the existence of our cells--the very building blocks of life--to a chance relationship between bacteria that occurred more than 2 billion years ago. Flash back to Bio 101, and you might remember that humans, plants, and animals have complex eukaryotic cells, with nucleus-bound DNA, instead of ...


 

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