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 virological

Virology is the study of viruses; submicroscopic, parasitic particles of genetic material contained in a protein coat. It focuses on the following aspects of viruses: their structure, classification and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit host cells for reproduction, their interaction with host organism physiology and immunity, the diseases they cause, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their use in research and therapy. Virology is considered to be a subfield of microbiology or of medicine.

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updated Sat. April 28, 2018

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes 500,000 deaths annually, in association with end-stage liver diseases. Investigations of the HCV life cycle have widened the knowledge of virology, and here we discovered that two piperazinylbenzenesulfonamides inhibit HCV entry into liver cells. The entry of ...
The word "infection" has different connotations in the fields of virology and medicine. Generally, physicians refer to a condition wherein a patient displays symptoms of illness due to an infectious agent when they use the word "infection." In virology, the word infection is not synonymous with outward signs ... Coronavirus

Quantitative PCR is a diagnostic pillar for clinical virology testing, and reference materials are necessary for accurate, comparable quantitation between clinical laboratories. Accurate quantitation of human herpesvirus 6A/B (HHV-6A/B) is important for detection of viral reactivation and ...
That led to the Jamaica Ministry of Health identifying the establishment of a virology research program as one of its highest national health priorities. UB will be the site of a new research training lab in pharmacology, while labs at the University at Albany and Rush University will focus on virology ...
"This new initiative will promote the development of Jamaica as a virology research hub in the Caribbean region and lead to exciting innovations and new collaborations among UB, SUNY and University of the West Indies faculty, fellows and graduate students," says Gene Morse, lead investigator on ...
... Sciences Research Center on UNL's East Campus, the headquarters of the Nebraska Center for Virology, where his technique is still used to this day. ... until research professor Dave Dunigan suggested the invention be put on display to tell the story of both Brakke and the study of Virology in Nebraska.

"This new initiative will promote the development of Jamaica as a virology research hub in the Caribbean region and lead to exciting innovations and new collaborations among UB, SUNY and University of the West Indies faculty, fellows and graduate students," says Gene Morse, PharmD, lead ... Zika HIV
The results showed virtually no difference in virological suppression between the 2 groups—90% of 253 participants in the TAF/FTC group achieved virological suppression by week 48, compared with 93% of 248 in the ABC/3TC group. There also was almost no difference between the groups regarding ...
Dr. Thomas Berg from the University of Leipzig in Germany, who will present the study findings in Paris, among the 49 patients with available data, 100% achieved SVR12, excluding four patients who prematurely discontinued treatment for reasons other than virological failure. Of those four patients, two ...
Rapid advances in the field of HCV treatment have led to the availability of several DAAs that now offer a cure, in the form of a sustained virological response (SVR), for more than 90% of people with chronic HCV infection. The impact of DAAs on the incidence and cost of liver morbidity and mortality at the ...
As a postdoctoral fellow in David Baltimore's lab, Dr. Racaniello was the first to generate an infectious clone of an RNA virus, which revolutionized the field of molecular virology. Dr. Racaniello's current research centers on picornaviruses, a family of small RNA viruses, including poliovirus, which cause ...
The study of viruses and bacteria is referred to as virology and bacteriology respectively and includes the identification, classification, and characterization of the various species. The demand for virology and bacteriology testing has increased of late with the growing incidence of various viral and bacterial ...
Hitchcock's contributions to the field of virology and health care are astounding. In 2001, Hitchcock, along with his colleague John Martin, developed the once-daily treatment of HIV called Viread that today treats eight out of 10 newly diagnosed AIDS patients. In the mid-90s, AIDS was treated with a ...
Background: Human adenovirus type 54 (HAdV-54) is a novel type of adenovirus that belongs to species D and has thus far been detected only in Japan in patients with epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). There was a large nationwide outbreak of HAdV-54 EKC from 2015 to 2016 in Japan. The clinical ...
In 4Q17, Merck's (MRK) Zepatier generated revenues of $269 million, which reflected a ~29% rise on a YoY (year-over-year) basis and a 37% decline on a QoQ (quarter-over-quarter) basis. In 4Q17, in the US and in international markets, Zepatier reported revenues of $88 million and $208 million, ...
The Penang-born doctor, who was then in her 40s and a lecturer at the School of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), received the offer from Universiti Malaysia Sarawak to set up the first virology unit in Borneo. The university's vice-chancellor then told Dr Cardosa that she was ...

Its products are focused on treating conditions, such as chronic autoimmune diseases in rheumatology, gastroenterology and dermatology; oncology, including blood cancers; virology, including hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); neurological disorders, such as Parkinson's ...
When those giant viruses were discovered in 2003, they “changed the field of virology,” according to one paper. (That paper was written by the people who discovered them, so they may be a bit biased.) But those prior researchers aren't the only ones who think learning more about these viruses could be ...
Dr Monica Gandhi of the University of California at San Francisco and colleagues looked at the association between drug levels in hair and virological treatment outcomes in the ACTG A5257 trial. This study compared ART regimens containing atazanavir/ritonavir (Reyataz), darunavir/ritonavir (Prezista) or ...
“Using univariate analyses, we analyzed the pretreatment factors affecting virological response. The virological response appeared to be affected by the number of NS5A RAS but the effect was not significant,” the researchers wrote. “In respect of host-related factors, IL28B SNP, FIB-4 index and response to ...
The era of false positive or false negative reports of diseases such as HIV and syphilis among others may have become a thing of the past as the World Health Organisation, WHO, yesterday listed the Centre for Human Virology and Genomics at the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research, NIMR, as its ...
Background and aims: Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has significantly changed during the last few years. The combination of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir has been shown to treat high proportions of patients with HCV genotype 1 with remarkable tolerability. The aim of the work was to assess ...
Advances in influenza virology, immunology and vaccinology make the development of a universal influenza vaccine more feasible than a decade ago, according to the authors. To develop a universal influenza vaccine, NIAID will focus resources on three key areas of influenza research: improving the ...
Patients enrolled in the study were adults at least 18 years of age with HIV-1 infection who had been on treatment and had never experienced virological failure on a darunavir-based regimen (and did not possess darunavir resistance mutations if genotyping had been conducted). Participants included in ...
Global Virology Test market analyses the present industry situations on a broad scale to provide the Virology Test market trends, market size and growth estimates. The key details related to Virology Test market drivers, vital market segments, development opportunities and Virology Test market constraints ...
Valley Cottage, NY — 02/16/2018 — Virology, the study of viruses, is an unparalleled branch of life sciences. With immensely high prevalence of diseases such as flu, hepatitis, AIDS, and STDs, the importance of virology is repeatedly highlighted. The global virology market is expected to grow over ...
This new report is a strategic analysis of major business opportunities emerging in the infectious disease testing market during the next five years. The report examines key US market trends; reviews current and emerging assays; analyzes potential applications of innovative diagnostic technologies; ...
Darunavir/ritonavir (DRV/r) is the most durable boosted protease inhibitor for antiretroviral therapy (ART)-experienced people, investigators from the EuroSIDA cohort report in HIV Medicine. People switching treatment to a DRV/r-containing regimen had a significantly lower risk of virological failure and/or ...
Bristol-Myers Squibb's (BMY) virology portfolio includes Hepatitis B (or HBV) products, Hepatitis C (or HCV) products, HIV products, and other virology products classified under the company's established brands. The chart below compares the revenues for the Hepatitis C franchise and key virology products ...
This year's flu is the worst in nearly a decade. So far this season, 63 elderly people have died in North Carolina alone from the flu. 25 people between the ages 50 to 64 have passed from the flu -- and four deaths fall into that low-risk category of people ages 25 to 49. The total death toll in North Carolina ...
In major breakthrough scientists from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, and National Brain Research Institute, Manesar have described a new concept in the field of virology called “Genome Resurrection”. The spokesman said scientists have explained how positive-strand RNA viruses (one ...
The study of viruses and bacteria is referred to as virology and bacteriology respectively and includes the identification, classification, and characterization of the various species. The demand for virology and bacteriology testing has increased of late with the growing incidence of various viral and ... Market
Virology labs will be set up in all medical colleges of the state. The first virology lab is being set up in Gandhi Medical College Bhopal. This lab will be the biggest in the state. The lab will be equipped with modern test equipments and trained doctors will be available for control on Ebola, Jika, Dengue, ... Market
Bristol-Myers Squibb's (BMY) virology portfolio includes drugs for the treatment of HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C infections, and other virology products. The chart below compares revenue for key virology products Baraclude, Reyataz, and Sustiva, and hepatitis C products. Chart 05 ... Market
PUNE: Abundant rainfall years don't always bring good tidings. A study between Pune-based National Institute of Virology (NIV) and the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) has linked more cases of chikungunya in India, and in Maharashtra and Karnataka in particular, to high rainfall years and ... Market
In addition, a switch to tenofovir alafenamide plus emtricitabine was associated with non-inferiority in relation to 48-week virological failure (2% vs. 1%; difference 0.8%, 95% CI -1.5 to 3.3; P =.69). At week 48, the mean CD4 count changes were -29 cells per μL (SD 153.5) in the tenofovir alafenamide plus ... Market
“There was a plan to set up at least one virology centre in each geo-political zone but only two are functioning now and we are saying that government should implement its policies. Nigeria is too big for just two centre,” he said. The NMA president said that with effective implementation of evidence-based ... Market
"This virus invades the human host cell to replicate, producing new viral particles. Inside the host cell, the virus produces a complementary strand of RNA, from which molecules of viral genome will emerge to constitute the new particles," said Ana Carolina Gomes Jardim, head of the Virology Laboratory in ... Market
In major breakthrough scientists from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, and National Brain Research Institute, Manesar have described a new concept in the field of virology called “Genome Resurrection”. The spokesman said scientists have explained how positive-strand RNA viruses (one ... Market
Human papillomavirus screening revenues rose 15 percent and blood screening revenues were up 1 percent year over year in this segment. In virology products, which also are part of Roche's molecular diagnostics business, sales growth was flat, and strong growth in HIV virology testing compensated for ... Market
Ebonyi State Governor David Umahi has expressed displeasure with the Federal Government for delaying equipping and operating the multimillion naira virology centre built by the state and handed over to the Federal Government in 2016. In the same vein, the state government appealed to the Federal ... Market
“Entering the second century of virology, we can finally start focusing beyond our own planet.” “Virions — the extracellular form of viruses — are the most abundant biological particles on Earth, with an estimated 1031 virions in the oceans alone,” the scientists said. “Whether this amazing virion abundance ... Market
The size of the farm has already been dramatically reduced by a housing redevelopment, with several buildings removed and agricultural land transformed into suburban housing plots. The A.L Rose virology building, officially opened in 1979, is one of those earmarked to be demolished - described as 'old' ... Market
Ebonyi State Governor, Chief Dave Umahi, on Tuesday released N5million for sourcing of medical experts to activate the Lassa fever virology centre at the Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki (FETHA) built by his administration and taken over by the federal government. He also released the sum of ... Market
Viruses are increasingly recognised as the cause of acute gastroenteritis in man, particularly in children. This book provides overviews and updates on current issues relating to basic research, clinical diagnosis, immunology, epidemiology, treatment and prevention of infections with gastroenteritis viruses. Market
... – The third edition is newly divided into two volumes: Vol. I, Molecular Biology and Vol. II, Pathogenesis and Control – Introduces the principles governing evolving and emerging viral infections, and illuminates the principles of host defense and virus offense – Teaches unifying concepts, addresses ... Market
Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of dolutegravir-rilpivirine for the maintenance of virological suppression in adults with HIV-1 ... The trial findings indicate that dolutegravir-rilpivirine is non-inferior to the continuation of triple therapy in maintaining virological suppression of HIV-1 through 48 weeks, with a ... Market
This is a concise, highly accessible introduction to medical virology, incorporating essential basic principles as well as a systematic review of viruses and viral diseases. It pays particular attention to developments in anti-viral therapy that are becoming increasingly effective in modern medicine. It is an ideal ... Market
This new report is designed to help current suppliers and potential market entrants identify and evaluate business opportunities emerging in the infectious disease testing market during the next five years. The report reviews current and emerging assays; analyzes potential applications of innovative ... Market


 

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