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The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado, on April 20, 1914. Some two dozen people, including miners' wives and children, were killed. The chief owner of the mine, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., was widely criticized for the incident.
The Massacre, the culmination of a bloody widespread strike against Colorado coal mines, resulted in the violent deaths of between 19 and 26 people; reported death tolls vary but include two women and eleven children, asphyxiated and burned to death under a single tent. The deaths occurred after a daylong fight between militia and camp guards against striking workers. Ludlow was the deadliest single incident in the southern Colorado Coal Strike, which lasted from September 1913 through December 1914. The strike was organized by the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) against coal mining companies in Colorado. The three largest companies involved were the Rockefeller family-owned Colorado Fuel & Iron Company (CF&I), the Rocky Mountain Fuel Company (RMF), and the Victor-American Fuel Company (VAF).
In retaliation for Ludlow, the miners armed themselves and attacked dozens of mines over the next ten days, destroying property and engaging in several skirmishes with the Colorado National Guard along a 40-mile front from Trinidad to Walsenburg. The entire strike would cost between 69 and 199 lives. Thomas G. Andrews described it as the "deadliest strike in the history of the United States".
updated Mon. September 11, 2023
La Voz Nueva
April 26, 2018
April 20 has a ring of infamy in Colorado. In recent history it is remembered as the day of the Columbine High School massacre in 1999. Others now know it as a day to commemorate Colorado's lenient laws on recreational use of marijuana. In Southern Colorado, however, the ominous date marks theÃâÃÂ ...
Lewiston Morning Tribune
April 20, 2018
In 1914, the Ludlow Massacre took place when the Colorado National Guard opened fire on a tent colony of striking miners; about 20 (accounts vary) strikers, women and children died. In 1948, United Auto Workers president Walter P. Reuther was shot and seriously wounded at his home in Detroit. In 1972ÃâÃÂ ...
April 20, 2018
In 1914, the Ludlow Massacre took place when the Colorado National Guard opened fire on a tent colony of striking miners; about 20 (accounts vary) strikers, women and children died. In 1938, "Olympia," Leni Riefenstahl's documentary about the 1936 Berlin Olympic games, was first shown in NaziÃâÃÂ ...
The News Tribune
April 18, 2018
If U-Haul employees need more convincing, they might inform themselves by reading about the Ludlow Massacre, the Bethlehem Steel Strike, et al. They might also wake up to the fact that by purportedly speaking for their employer, they're shooting themselves in the foot. After all, who has the most to gain?
April 10, 2018
Although Walsh's examinations were far-ranging, he was especially interested in the Ludlow massacre, a confrontation between a group of miners and the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, a firm owned by the Rockefeller family. The previous April, members of Colorado's National Guard had set fire toÃâÃÂ ...
The American Prospect
March 21, 2018
Some of the most infamous and bloody labor battles of the 19th century, like the Homestead strike and the Ludlow Massacre, were sparked by the violent eviction of striking workers from their company-owned housing. Life was even more miserable for workers where the company-store system prevailed.
January 22, 2018
Those who take their courses through a different route are tipped off to the massacre by the great Woody Guthrie in his 1944 song “Ludlow Massacre” in which he details the events of the killings. Born out of the memory of such a massacre, and a possible nod to Mr. Guthrie himself, the band Ludlow assuresÃâÃÂ ...
January 14, 2018
The Ludlow Massacre quickly generated national attention and sparked publicized investigations into coal mining conditions. It remains one of the most horrific events in the struggle for labor fairness and equality and, in part, led to Congress enacting child labor laws and an eight-hour work week in 1915.
January 12, 2018
Ermenia “Marie” Padilla Daley has a lot of reasons to celebrate. She turns 104-years-old on Saturday, clearly an incredible feat in itself. She's also one of the last living survivors of the Ludlow Massacre of 1914, according to her son Bill. Marie was born on January 13, 1914, in the coalmining camp justÃâÃÂ ...
October 4, 2017
... women and children in what would become known as the Ludlow Massacre. Company owner John D. Rockefeller, Jr., was widely criticized for the attack but never was prosecuted, nor was anyone else. The incident became known as the central event in the Colorado Coalfield War, during which as manyÃâÃÂ ...
University of Denver
September 14, 2017
It's been more than 100 years since approximately two dozen miners, including women and children, were killed in what is known as the Ludlow Massacre (or the Colorado Coal Field War). The tent colony in Ludlow, Colo., was inhabited by some 1,200 striking coal miners — some of them recentÃâÃÂ ...
April 20, 2017
The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by Colorado National Guard soldiers and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of more than 1,000 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colo., on April 20, 1914. Dozens of people, including women and children, were killed. John D.
Pagosa Daily Post
April 21, 2015
One hundred and one years ago this week marks the anniversary of one of the most horrific events in the struggle for labor fairness and equality: The Ludlow Massacre. The site of the Ludlow Massacre, located in southern Colorado, was once a make-shift tent colony for striking coal miners and theirÃâÃÂ ...
April 19, 2014
On April 20, 1914, members of the Colorado National Guard opened fire on a group of armed coal miners and set fire to a makeshift settlement in Ludlow, Colorado, where more than a thousand striking workers and their families were camped out. Today, the Ludlow massacre, which Caleb Crain wroteÃâÃÂ ...
December 31, 1999
Long before 4/20 emerged as a national phenomenon, April 20 was a dark day in Colorado history: the day of the Ludlow Massacre. On April 20 1914, a shootout between striking coal miners and members of the Colorado National Guard claimed nineteen lives — most of them non-combatant women andÃâÃÂ ...
December 31, 1999
In 1914 the Ludlow Massacre in Ludlow, Colorado moved corporatism into the realm of pure evil. A tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners from the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company were fired upon by the U.S. Army National Guard, killing as many as 26 people, including women and children. At least twoÃâÃÂ ...
December 31, 1999
A new study about the impact of marijuana on Pueblo County maintains that there's no evidence linking cannabis legalization and the increase of homelessness in the area. This contention has been ripped by Pueblo Police Chief Troy Davenport, who strongly believes such a connection exists, as well asÃâÃÂ ...
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