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 Ludlow Massacre

The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by the Colorado National Guard and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado, on April 20, 1914. Some two dozen people, including miners' wives and children, were killed. The chief owner of the mine, John D. Rockefeller, Jr., was widely criticized for the incident.


The Massacre, the culmination of a bloody widespread strike against Colorado coal mines, resulted in the violent deaths of between 19 and 26 people; reported death tolls vary but include two women and eleven children, asphyxiated and burned to death under a single tent. The deaths occurred after a daylong fight between militia and camp guards against striking workers. Ludlow was the deadliest single incident in the southern Colorado Coal Strike, which lasted from September 1913 through December 1914. The strike was organized by the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) against coal mining companies in Colorado. The three largest companies involved were the Rockefeller family-owned Colorado Fuel & Iron Company (CF&I), the Rocky Mountain Fuel Company (RMF), and the Victor-American Fuel Company (VAF).


In retaliation for Ludlow, the miners armed themselves and attacked dozens of mines over the next ten days, destroying property and engaging in several skirmishes with the Colorado National Guard along a 40-mile front from Trinidad to Walsenburg. The entire strike would cost between 69 and 199 lives. Thomas G. Andrews described it as the "deadliest strike in the history of the United States".

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updated Wed. February 27, 2019

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April 20 has a ring of infamy in Colorado. In recent history it is remembered as the day of the Columbine High School massacre in 1999. Others now know it as a day to commemorate Colorado's lenient laws on recreational use of marijuana. In Southern Colorado, however, the ominous date marks the ...
In 1914, the Ludlow Massacre took place when the Colorado National Guard opened fire on a tent colony of striking miners; about 20 (accounts vary) strikers, women and children died. In 1948, United Auto Workers president Walter P. Reuther was shot and seriously wounded at his home in Detroit. In 1972 ...

In 1914, the Ludlow Massacre took place when the Colorado National Guard opened fire on a tent colony of striking miners; about 20 (accounts vary) strikers, women and children died. In 1938, "Olympia," Leni Riefenstahl's documentary about the 1936 Berlin Olympic games, was first shown in Nazi ...
If U-Haul employees need more convincing, they might inform themselves by reading about the Ludlow Massacre, the Bethlehem Steel Strike, et al. They might also wake up to the fact that by purportedly speaking for their employer, they're shooting themselves in the foot. After all, who has the most to gain?
Although Walsh's examinations were far-ranging, he was especially interested in the Ludlow massacre, a confrontation between a group of miners and the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company, a firm owned by the Rockefeller family. The previous April, members of Colorado's National Guard had set fire to ...
Some of the most infamous and bloody labor battles of the 19th century, like the Homestead strike and the Ludlow Massacre, were sparked by the violent eviction of striking workers from their company-owned housing. Life was even more miserable for workers where the company-store system prevailed.

Those who take their courses through a different route are tipped off to the massacre by the great Woody Guthrie in his 1944 song “Ludlow Massacre” in which he details the events of the killings. Born out of the memory of such a massacre, and a possible nod to Mr. Guthrie himself, the band Ludlow assures ...
The Ludlow Massacre quickly generated national attention and sparked publicized investigations into coal mining conditions. It remains one of the most horrific events in the struggle for labor fairness and equality and, in part, led to Congress enacting child labor laws and an eight-hour work week in 1915.
Ermenia “Marie” Padilla Daley has a lot of reasons to celebrate. She turns 104-years-old on Saturday, clearly an incredible feat in itself. She's also one of the last living survivors of the Ludlow Massacre of 1914, according to her son Bill. Marie was born on January 13, 1914, in the coalmining camp just ...
... women and children in what would become known as the Ludlow Massacre. Company owner John D. Rockefeller, Jr., was widely criticized for the attack but never was prosecuted, nor was anyone else. The incident became known as the central event in the Colorado Coalfield War, during which as many ...
It's been more than 100 years since approximately two dozen miners, including women and children, were killed in what is known as the Ludlow Massacre (or the Colorado Coal Field War). The tent colony in Ludlow, Colo., was inhabited by some 1,200 striking coal miners — some of them recent ...
The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by Colorado National Guard soldiers and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of more than 1,000 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colo., on April 20, 1914. Dozens of people, including women and children, were killed. John D.
One hundred and one years ago this week marks the anniversary of one of the most horrific events in the struggle for labor fairness and equality: The Ludlow Massacre. The site of the Ludlow Massacre, located in southern Colorado, was once a make-shift tent colony for striking coal miners and their ...
On April 20, 1914, members of the Colorado National Guard opened fire on a group of armed coal miners and set fire to a makeshift settlement in Ludlow, Colorado, where more than a thousand striking workers and their families were camped out. Today, the Ludlow massacre, which Caleb Crain wrote ...
Long before 4/20 emerged as a national phenomenon, April 20 was a dark day in Colorado history: the day of the Ludlow Massacre. On April 20 1914, a shootout between striking coal miners and members of the Colorado National Guard claimed nineteen lives — most of them non-combatant women and ...
In 1914 the Ludlow Massacre in Ludlow, Colorado moved corporatism into the realm of pure evil. A tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners from the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company were fired upon by the U.S. Army National Guard, killing as many as 26 people, including women and children. At least two ...
A new study about the impact of marijuana on Pueblo County maintains that there's no evidence linking cannabis legalization and the increase of homelessness in the area. This contention has been ripped by Pueblo Police Chief Troy Davenport, who strongly believes such a connection exists, as well as ...

The Ludlow Massacre quickly generated national attention and sparked publicized investigations into coal mining conditions. It remains one of the most horrific events in the struggle for labor fairness and equality and, in part, led to Congress enacting child labor laws and an eight-hour work week in 1915.
After the 1914 Ludlow Massacre, in which two dozen workers were killed during a strike at a Rockefeller-owned mine, John D. Jr. tried to improve relations with workers. His son John D. III later wrote his college thesis on the topic and said his father's efforts hadn't gone far enough. And in 1932, five years ...
Some of my favorite Woody songs didn't make it into the script, like 'Jesus Christ,' `Ludlow Massacre,' `The Philadelphia Lawyer,' and `Grand Coulee Dam.' And my favorites in the show are too many to count. But `Pastures of Plenty' and `The Ballad of Tom Joad' are the two that I see as 'the best' or most ...
More than a century after the Ludlow Massacre -- a notorious event in which Colorado Fuel and Iron coal miners and their families were killed during a strike over wages and working conditions near Trinidad -- a Rockefeller returned to Southern Colorado. Speaking at a Steelworks Museum fundraiser in ...
... sometimes tragic history that includes Al Capone, the Rockefellers and the Ludlow Massacre, in which dozens of striking coal miners and their families were killed in 1914. City officials have committed the equivalent of 15 percent of its general fund balance, or $2.1 million, to Space to Create Trinidad.
It's been more than 100 years since approximately two dozen miners, including women and children, were killed in what is known as the Ludlow Massacre (or the Colorado Coal Field War). The tent colony in Ludlow, Colo., was inhabited by some 1,200 striking coal miners — some of them recent ...
The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by Colorado National Guard soldiers and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of more than 1,000 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colo., on April 20, 1914. Dozens of people, including women and children, were killed. John D.
He's been criticized for the company's role in the Ludlow Massacre and the Colorado Coalfield War, one of labor history's most violent chapters. Although conditions did not improve quickly for coal miners following the strike, John D. Rockefeller Jr. came to southern Colorado to visit the steel mill and coal ...
On April 20, 1914, members of the Colorado National Guard opened fire on a group of armed coal miners and set fire to a makeshift settlement in Ludlow, Colorado, where more than a thousand striking workers and their families were camped out. Today, the Ludlow massacre, which Caleb Crain wrote ...
Those who take their courses through a different route are tipped off to the massacre by the great Woody Guthrie in his 1944 song “Ludlow Massacre” in which he details the events of the killings. Born out of the memory of such a massacre, and a possible nod to Mr. Guthrie himself, the band Ludlow assures ...
But before she morphed into activist and labor leader Mother Jones, Irish immigrant Mary Harris moved with her family to Canada to escape the potato famine; traveled to America to work as a dressmaker and teacher; and married George Jones, an iron-foundry laborer and union man who died, along with ...
Today an imposing, elaborately carved, granite monument, erected by the United Mine Workers of America, commemorates 18 victims of what is now known as the Ludlow Massacre. Rising above a windswept prairie adjacent to the site of the tent city, the Ludlow Memorial Monument bears a plaque listing ...
... or at the Ludlow Massacre in 1914 when the Colorado National Guard shot and killed two dozen striking miners, their wives and children.
Next came Colorado, to cover the April 1914 Ludlow Massacre after John D. Rockefeller, Jr recruited the Colorado National Guard to join his ...
... including footage from the controversial “Black Sox” World Series in 1919, coverage of the Ludlow Massacre in Colorado in 1914 and scenes ...
But you start talking about the Ludlow Massacre or the Haymarket out in L.A. and it's an industry that's impervious to the recession, much less ...
The newsreels also, it turned out, contained dramatic footage from the 1914 Ludlow Massacre in Colorado, when the state's National Guard ...
... at Ludlow, Colo. and shot and killed about two dozen men, women and children in what would become known as the Ludlow Massacre.
That is partly due to the vital work of the Ludlow Massacre Archaeological Project, a multi-year investigation of the massacre site and the ...
The Ludlow Massacre was an attack by Colorado National Guard soldiers and Colorado Fuel & Iron Company camp guards on a tent colony of ...
Once considered the wealthiest family in the world, the Rockefellers are often blamed for the 1914 Ludlow Massacre - a notorious event in ...
Its legacy is still strong in southern Colorado, especially because of the 1914 Ludlow Massacre in which 20 people, including women and ...
The Ludlow Massacre ignited 10 days of violence known as the Colorado Coal Field War. Hundreds of thousands of Greeks immigrated to the ...
20th April marks the anniversary of one the deadliest confrontations between strikers and strike breakers in US history. The Ludlow Massacre of 1914 has come to symbolise the extreme political power that could be wielded by business owners in the early twentieth century, and the very real dangers of ...
Today, the Ludlow massacre, which Caleb Crain wrote about in The New Yorker in 2009, remains one of the bloodiest episodes in the history ...
In King Coal (1917), he wrote about the Ludlow Massacre, where Rockefeller's coal empire called out the state militia and private thugs to put ...
That is partly due to the vital work of the Ludlow Massacre Archaeological Project, a multi-year investigation of the massacre site and the ...
One infamous example of this unrelenting assault is the Ludlow Massacre of 1914, in which Baldwin Felts agents machine-gunned and burned ...
... to the bloody Colorado Labor War of 1903-04 and the brutal Coal Field War which culminated with the 1914 Ludlow Massacre, Colorado was ...
Or workers being killed standing up for their rights – just think of the Ludlow Massacre of 1914 or the Memorial Day Massacre of 1937. Thanks ...
The Ludlow Massacre, when the Colorado National Guard opened fire on armed miners and then set fire to a makeshift shelter housing miners' ...
His thesis was a landmark study of the Ludlow Massacre, a gruesome slaughter of striking mineworkers and their families in Colorado.
It's the same company responsible for the infamous Ludlow Massacre of 1914, when the company, supported by the Colorado National Guard, ...


 

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