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 Iran-Contra

The Basic Facts of Iran/contra





The Iran/contra affair concerned two secret Reagan Administration policies whose operations were coordinated by National Security Council staff. The Iran operation involved efforts in 1985 and 1986 to obtain the release of Americans held hostage in the Middle East through the sale of U.S. weapons to Iran, despite an embargo on such sales. The contra operations from 1984 through most of 1986 involved the secret governmental support of contra military and paramilitary activities in Nicaragua, despite congressional prohibition of this support.



The Iran and contra operations were merged when funds generated from the sale of weapons to Iran were diverted to support the contra effort in Nicaragua. Although this ``diversion'' may be the most dramatic aspect of Iran/contra, it is important to emphasize that both the Iran and contra operations, separately, violated United States policy and law.2 The ignorance of the ``diversion'' asserted by President Reagan and his Cabinet officers on the National Security Council in no way absolves them of responsibility for the underlying Iran and contra operations.

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updated Mon. May 7, 2018

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The Independent Counsel Act was eventually allowed to sunset after the Iran-Contra and Whitewater investigations, with both parties having felt subject to partisan crusades by unaccountable prosecutors. Meanwhile, Myers suggests conservative justices would support Trump. The majority opinion in that ...
Weinberger, who served as President Ronald Reagan's secretary of defense during the Iran-Contra scandal, was one of six officials who received pardons from Bush in 1991 that short-circuited an independent-counsel probe. Many now fear that Trump could use the pardon power to aid Cohen, Michael ...

Here is how Lawrence Walsh, independent counsel at the time, characterized that pardon: “The Iran-Contra cover-up has continued for more than six years, has now been completed with the pardon of Caspar Weinberger … In light of President Bush's own misconduct, we are gravely concerned about his ...
The 1988 race for majority leader found Johnston squared off against Daniel Inouye of Hawaii, who had chaired the high-profile Iran-Contra hearings, and George Mitchell of Maine, who was the deputy pro tem of the Senate and, more importantly, the chair of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign ...
He traces back to the waning days of the Nixon Administration, Iran Contra, and the Clinton Administration to raise questions of a total failure. He poses the questions that have been asked repeatedly, why unlike other crimes, was not the debris of the World Trade Center preserved to be fully investigated; ...
But John Q. Barrett, a former associate counsel in the Iran-Contra affair and a law professor at St. Johns, said that Comey would not have included that information if he did. "These are factual recordings of events, not assessment documents. He's writing this down as someone who is concerned that he ...

In 1994, Robb, hobbled by personal and political scandal, won his second — and final term — with a 46-percent plurality in a three-way race that included a Republican more controversial than Robb: Iran-contra figure Oliver North. In 2014, running from Obama, who had twice carried Virginia but was still ...
Oliver North and the Iran-Contra affair, she kept most of her remarks on the topic of literacy, which was Bush's platform as the wife of the vice president and as First Lady from 1989 to 1993. Bush also was asked about her husband's presidential ambitions. "George Bush has made education and literacy the ...
Within the firm's archives are letters and correspondence written by Murray, as well as interviews with those at Paul Weiss, such as longtime partner Arthur Liman, former chief counsel of the special U.S. Senate committee investigating the Iran-Contra affair. One letter, in particular, Hussein highlighted is one ...
Richard Nixon had the Watergate scandal, Ronald Reagan had the Iran-Contra Affair and Bill Clinton had the Monica Lewinsky scandal. The presidents who escaped this intense scrutiny are the straight arrows and squeaky clean: Jimmy Carter, George W. Bush and Barack Obama. President Trump has ...
Iranians also remember that the United States took Saddam's side, with the only partial exception to that—what Americans know as the Iran-Contra affair—regarded in the United States as a scandal. That history is part of a larger picture, as Iranians see it, of hostile outside powers playing on local weakness ...
Democratic Socialists of America member David Hamilton said he doesn't trust the word of American intelligence officials, citing the Iran-Contra affair, the lack of evidence of Iraq having weapons of mass destruction after the U.S. invaded for that reason and the allegation that former National Intelligence ...
One of the things that Melcher knew about the West was cattle — and cowboys. Once, to answer criticism from an out-of-state conservative group, Melcher ran TV ads with talking cows saying they "know bull when they hear it." And during congressional inquiry into the Iran-Contra affair, Melcher complained ...
Iran-Contra figure Oliver North's memoir was released after federal criminal charges were dismissed against the retired Marine lieutenant colonel. Some Trump allies in Congress are already vowing to hold Comey to account for statements in his book. Accusing Comey of false statements in his Senate ...
Mr. Scalia had in mind the Iran-contra investigation, which attempted to criminalize a separation of powers dispute between the executive and legislative branches over foreign policy. In the following decade, Democrats belatedly saw the light, too. Ken Starr's investigation of Bill Clinton lasted for years, ...
So the Innie, the despicably dirty and corrupt Iran-Contra special counsel Lawrence Walsh, went after Reagan, because he was a threat to the Establishment. This time, we have the FBI raiding Cohen's office, with the implicit accusation of bank fraud, lying to pay hush money to Stormy Daniels. So much for ...
Meanwhile, the land-sale scandal may end up damaging Abe more than Reagan was hurt by the Iran-Contra affair. So while Reagan's term in office was just the beginning of a long period of strength and prosperity for the U.S., Japan will have to work much harder to sustain the momentum Abe has given it.

Nugent is one of 76 members of the NRA board, according to Mother Jones, a list that also includes actor Tom Selleck, former NBA star Karl Malone, former Iran-Contra conspirator and conservative pundit Oliver North, the president of Americans for Tax Reform Grover Norquist, and that guy from “Full Metal ...
President George H. W. Bush said “honor, decency and fairness” prompted the pardon of former Reagan Administration defense secretary Caspar Weinberger, who was under indictment at the time for lying to Congress during the Iran-Contra investigation. During the Reagan Administration a federal court ...
U.S. foreign policy was being disruptive in Central and Latin America, Iran-Contra… Art and music was being censored. Ed Meese, Ronald's attorney general was appointed to do a report on the effect of pornography on society. Hearings were held in Congress about lyrics and albums, and warnings were ...
That has major potential implications. "He can shut down the Russia investigation," Morrison continued, comparing it to when President George H.W. Bush pardoned everyone involved in the Iran-Contra scandal in 1992, arguing that the case had devolved into the criminalization of policy differences rather ...
I just received an election mailer from Americans for Prosperity, a lobbying group bankrolled by the Koch brother billionaires from Kansas. They don't endorse a candidate but rather deride our current mayor, Ethan Berkowitz, whom I believe has done a great job. Ethan has helped restore Anchorage after ...
US foreign policy was being disruptive in Central and Latin America, Iran-Contra… Art and music was being censored. Ed Meese, Ronald's Attorney General was appointed to do a report on the effect of pornography on society. Hearings were held in Congress about lyrics and albums, and warnings were ...
While a president can pardon offenses that have occurred but have not yet resulted in a conviction — as President George H.W. Bush did with several Iran-Contra figures — the president cannot pardon a crime not yet committed. Therefore, the president would have to pardon Flynn again if [Trump] were ...
Bolton has been closely associated, both in and out of government, with several political and financial controversies. As an assistant attorney general under Edwin Meese, Bolton thwarted the Kerry Commission's efforts to obtain documentation, including Bolton's personal notes, about the Iran-Contra affair ...
The charges stemmed from investigations by Congress and an independent prosecutor into the Iran-Contra affair. The affair had begun in 1985, when — in an operation run out of Poindexter's White House office — the United States supplied weapons to Iran in hopes of securing the release of American ...
You can, in your coverage, imply things that may look like an overpromise. To go back to the Iran-Contra scandal in the Reagan era, there was a special prosecutor, an independent counsel. It was very aggressive. There was a story on the front page of the Washington Post saying that Reagan was going to ...
Every U.S. President who has been elected to a second term has faced scandals, falling poll ratings, and generally ended their presidency with more of a whimper than a bang: Think Nixon and Watergate, Reagan and Iran-Contra, Clinton and Lewinsky, Bush and the financial crisis, Obama and Snowden.
But when charges have been brought in the past, they tend to be in high-profile investigations, as in the Watergate and Iran-Contra scandals. Mueller, in the investigation so far, has charged others (former national security adviser Michael Flynn and former Trump campaign adviser George Papadopoulos) ...
“That's a pretty amazing interview, I have to say,” John Barrett, a former associate counsel in the Iran-Contra investigation and a law professor at St. Johns University, said of Nunberg's appearance on MSNBC. “'It's hard to cooperate with law enforcement' is just not a valid reason to refuse to cooperate with ...
The local apartments manager first popped into public view during the Iran-Contra scandal, which exposed how Reagan Administration officials made a secret “arms-for-hostages” deal with Iran and used the proceeds to illegally provide weapons to Nicaragua's anti-communist Contra rebels. Brenneke ...
It's Abrams' actions in Nicaragua that have earned him the most attention. Abrams pleaded guilty to withholding information from Congress during the investigation of the Iran-Contra affair. The Iran-Contra affair took place when the U.S. secretly sold arms to Iran — even while backing Iraq in the Iran-Iraq ...
Although Watergate culminated with a dramatic “smoking gun” tape that exposed the guilt of the president in obstructing justice, with a bipartisan consensus quickly forming that President Nixon needed to step down, the Iran-Contra scandal, which involved illegally selling arms to Iran to finance right-wing ...
Ross would go on to be California's “Public Enemy Number One,” and was a major part of the Iran-Contra scandal that rocked the nation with allegations the government was complicit in the crack market that ravaged urban America with allegations that rose all the way to the office of President Reagan.
Sometimes, the real truth of a story takes decades to unveil. And when that story involves drug running, police corruption in Mexico and the Iran-Contra affair, maybe it's amazing that the wait is only a few decades. In a piece for The Arizona Republic, investigative reporter Dennis Wagner has written about ...
Born in Trenton, New Jersey, Berman was a law clerk for a federal appeals court judge in Philadelphia before working from 1987 to 1990 for the independent counsel who investigated the administration of President Ronald Reagan in the Iran-Contra affair. From 1990 to 1994, he was an assistant U.S. ...
Bolton, who helped cover up the Iran-Contra scandal, holds a number of extreme foreign policy positions, and represents a shift even among Trump administration officials. Here are some of his dangerous, hawkish foreign policy and national security stances. On bombing Iran “The inescapable conclusion ...
What Barbara Bush had actually appeared at the Institution to talk about was literacy; the Iran-Contra news was the only exception to her rule, she told reporters at the time. Barbara Bush said literacy was her utmost important personal project ever since her husband was elected vice president. She kept true ...
It was at a time in which the Iran-Contra hearing was starting. Ed Jenkins was part of that Iran-Contra special committee. In fact, right after I left, he was the lead investigator, lead questioner of Oliver North. It was really exciting times. He was a member of [the] Ways and Means and Budget [committees].
McFarlane and his successor, Vice Adm. John Poindexter, were both directly operationally involved in one of the most audacious and illegal covert programs ever: the Iran-Contra affair. This involved illegally raising money in violation of the Boland amendments — which prohibited funding for Contra rebels ...
A intelligence memo is photographed in Washington, Friday, Feb. 2. After President Donald Trump declassified the memo, the Republican-led House Intelligence Committee released it based on classified information that alleges the FBI abused U.S. government surveillance powers in its investigation into ...
While working in the White House during the George H. W. Bush administration, Judy Smith was there during major historical events like the Iran-Contra investigation, the 1991 Gulf War and more. On Thursday, Feb. 8, Smith took the stage at Rudder Auditorium to share her story. It's Handled: Stories from a ...
They both claimed that they saved American democracy from the Nixon administration's attempt to warp the CIA and FBI to cover up an otherwise minor, though illegal, political break-in. In the Iran-Contra affair of 1985-87, the media and liberal activists uncovered wrongdoing by some rogue members of the ...
As contentious as his presidency was at times, marked with the Iran-Contra scandal, the savings and loan crisis and other political dust-ups, time has softened the historical view of Reagan's two terms in the White House. Reagan is widely remembered for his faceoff with Soviet leaders and for the era ...
While he is best known for breaking the Nicaraguan side of the Iran-Contra scandal during the Reagan administration, that was but one gumball in the giant gumball machine of political malfeasance Parry uncovered during his career. (He won the prestigious George Polk Award and was a Pulitzer Prize ...
The first to apply it to the United States was Peter Dale Scott, a leftist University of California scholar, in his 2007 book “The Road to 9/11,” which wove a dark tapestry of covert conspiracy from events as diverse as the Kennedy assassination, Watergate and the Iran-contra scandal. “There's nothing crazy ...
The first to apply it to the United States was Peter Dale Scott, a leftist University of California scholar, in his 2007 book “The Road to 9/11,” which wove a dark tapestry of covert conspiracy from events as diverse as the Kennedy assassination, Watergate and the Iran-contra scandal. “There's nothing crazy ...
(Revelations, I might add, that produced the FISA process and the congressional intelligence procedures that Nunes turned into dog food Friday.) I grew up with George Schultz's diaries that showed that everyone in the upper reaches of the Reagan administration was involved in the crimes of Iran-Contra.
As an Associated Press journalist he broke the story of Colonel Oliver North's involvement in the Iran-Contra affair in 1985. A year before that, he won a George Polk Award for exposing the CIA's production of an assassination manual for the right-wing contras the Reagan administration was supporting to ...
On the fiscal front, the economy was absorbing a new tax-reform package with lower marginal tax rates. Internationally, the dollar was in broad retreat amid growing tensions over the U.S. trade balance. Finally, that year also saw the White House engulfed in controversy, then over the Iran-Contra scandal.


 

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